1 – Special Issue: Patient Optimization Before Surgery – Anaesthesia (free supplement)
Editorial: Patient optimisation before surgery: a clear and present challenge in peri‐operative care
– Risk prediction models for major surgery: composing a new tune
– Shared decision‐making in peri‐operative medicine: a narrative review
– Multi‐modal prehabilitation: addressing the why, when, what, how, who and where next?
– Pre‐operative nutrition and the elective surgical patient: why, how and what?
– Pre‐operative respiratory optimisation: an expert review
– Optimisation of pre‐operative anaemia in patients before elective major surgery – why, who, when and how?
– Pre‐operative optimisation of the surgical patient with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes: a practical review
– Pre‐operative cardiac optimisation: a directed review
– Peri‐operative optimisation of elderly and frail patients: a narrative review
– Peri‐operative care pathways: re‐engineering care to achieve the ‘triple aim’
– Pre‐optimisation of patients undergoing emergency laparotomy: a review of best practice
2 – Sustainability of Blood Pressure Reduction in Black Barbershops – Circulation (free)
Commentaries: One year later, barbershop intervention continues to lower blood pressure – American Heart Association (free) AND Barbershop Intervention for High BP Has Lasting Effects – TCTMD (free) AND How barbershops could help lower blood pressure – CNN (free)
Related Studies: Cluster-Randomized Trial of Blood-Pressure Reduction in Black Barbershops (free study and commentaries) AND Community-Based Interventions to Improve Cardiovascular Risk in High-Risk Patients (free study and commentaries)
3 – Association of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program With Mortality Among Medicare Beneficiaries Hospitalized for Heart Failure, Acute Myocardial Infarction, and Pneumonia – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Commentaries: Did This Health Care Policy Do Harm? – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free) AND Study Finds Implementation of the Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program Associated With Increase in Patient-Level Mortality – Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (free) AND Penalties For Hospital Readmissions May Boost Deaths, Study Finds – CommonHealth (free)
4 – How does exercise treatment compare with antihypertensive medications? A network meta-analysis of 391 randomised controlled trials assessing exercise and medication effects on systolic blood pressure – British Journal of Sports Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Commentaries: Exercise ‘as good as medicine’ for controlling high blood pressure – NHS Choices (free) AND Exercise may be as good at lowering blood pressure as drugs – OnMedica (free)
5 – FDA warns about increased risk of ruptures or tears in the aorta blood vessel with fluoroquinolone antibiotics in certain patients – U.S. Food & Drug Administration (free)
Commentary: FDA: Fluoroquinolones may cause aortic rupture in some – CIDRAP (free)
Related: Meta-analysis: Fluoroquinolones and the Risk of Aortopathy (free) AND Fluoroquinolone use and risk of aortic aneurysm and dissection (free study and commentaries) AND Committee Recommends New Restrictions on the use of Fluoroquinolones (free report and commentaries) AND FDA Safety Alert: Warnings for Fluoroquinolones on Risks of Mental Health and Low Blood Sugar Adverse Reactions (free report and commentaries) AND When antibiotics turn toxic (free commentary)
6 – Clinical Update: Perioperative Glucose Control in Patients with Diabetes Undergoing Elective Surgery – JAMA (free for a limited period)
7 – Ann Robinson’s research reviews, 7 January 2019 – The BMJ (free)
Ann Robinson reviews the latest research from the top medical journals.
8 – ACC/AATS/AHA/ASE/ASNC/HRS/SCAI/SCCT/SCMR/STS 2019 Appropriate Use Criteria for Multimodality Imaging in the Assessment of Cardiac Structure and Function in Nonvalvular Heart Disease – Journal of the American College of Cardiology (free)
Commentary: New AUC: Multimodality Imaging in Assessing Cardiac Structure and Function in Structural Heart Disease – American College of Cardiology (free)
9 – Long-term Risk of Colorectal Cancer and Related Deaths After a Colonoscopy With Normal Findings – JAMA Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)
Commentaries: 10 years after negative colonoscopy, study shows lower risk of colorectal cancer and death – Kaiser Permanente (free) AND Study: Risk of cancer, death less likely 10 years after cancer-free colonoscopy – UPI (free) AND Negative colonoscopy: data support 10-year rescreening interval – Univadis (free registration required)
10 – Global, Regional, and Country-Specific Lifetime Risks of Stroke, 1990 and 2016 – New England Journal of Medicine (free)
Commentaries: New study reveals ‘startling’ risk of stroke – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free) AND 1 in 4 globally will have a stroke at age 25 or older, according to new study – CNN (free)