Open access

NEWS - Sports Medicine & Physical Activity

Traumatic brain injury and the risk of dementia diagnosis: A nationwide cohort study – PLOS One (free)

Commentaries: TBI is associated with increased dementia risk for decades after injury – PLOS, via ScienceDaily (free) AND More evidence traumatic brain injuries raise later dementia risk – Reuters (free)

“Using longitudinal, case-control, and sibling-matched analyses of nationwide data from Sweden, Peter Nordström & Anna Nordström describe the association between TBI and dementia, its time course, and the influence of familial factors”. (via @PLOSMedicine see Tweet)


How to get the best out of exercise – The Guardian (free)

“Conflicting theories on how to maximise exercise would stretch anyone to the limit. As New Year fitness plans begin in earnest, here’s a scientific response to some frequently asked questions”.


Aerobic exercise moderately reduces depressive symptoms in new mothers – NIHR Signal (free)

Original article: Does aerobic exercise reduce postpartum depressive symptoms? a systematic review and meta-analysis – British Journal of General Practice (free)

“Involving new mothers in group exercise programmes, or advising them on an exercise of their choice, reduced depressive symptoms compared with usual care” (RT @NIHR_DC see Tweet)


Physical Activity Frequency and the Risk of Stroke: A Nationwide Cohort Study in Korea – Journal of The American Heart Association (free)

“Even 1 to 2 times a week of moderate‐ to vigorous‐intensity physical activity might be beneficial to prevent a first‐ever stroke in the general population… from a public health perspective, we need to encourage inactive people to start exercising with more‐achievable goals”.


Head injuries in sport must be taken more seriously – Nature News (free)

“Sports organizations are only starting to understand the harm that can be inflicted by high-contact activities. Science must play its part in highlighting the problem and in aiding diagnosis”.


Automatic external defibrillators save lives in amateur sports and fitness centres (free) (the results have not been published yet)

“Neurologically intact survival was 93% for patients treated with an onsite Automatic external defibrillator (AED) compared to 9% without an AED”


A comprehensive guide to the new science of treating lower back pain – VOX (free)

“Mainstream medicine has failed people with chronic back pain”


Tai Chi for Risk of Falls. A Meta-analysis – Journal of The American Geriatrics Society (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Meta-Analysis: Tai Chi Keeps Seniors from Falling – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Tai chi may help reduce rate of falls in older and at-risk adults – News Medical (free)

‘Can reduce fall rates by almost half during the first year’ (from MedPage Today)


The Population Health Benefits Of A Healthy Lifestyle: Life Expectancy Increased And Onset Of Disability Delayed – Health Affairs (free)

Commentary: Healthy Lifestyle May Increase Lifespan by 7 Years – Medscape (free registration required)


Large-scale physical activity data reveal worldwide activity inequality – Nature (link to abstract and free graphics – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: NIH-funded team uses smartphone data in global study of physical activity – NIH News Release (free) AND Do you live in the world’s laziest country? – BBC News (free)

“Big data in action! Scientists analyzed smartphone data from 700k+ ppl&100 countries to study physical activity” (RT @NIHDirector see Tweet)



Bring On the Exercise, Hold the Painkillers – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

Taking anti-inflammatories during exercise may increase the risk of kidney injury.


Aerobic exercise training for adults with fibromyalgia – Cochrane Library (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Aerobic exercise probably improves health related quality of life, may slightly decrease pain intensity and may slightly improve physical function.


Physical activity, cognitive decline, and risk of dementia: 28 year follow-up of Whitehall II cohort study – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Physical Activity Might Not Ward Off Dementia – Physician’s First Watch (free)

Contradicting previous evidence, this study did not show that physical activity has a protective effect against cognitive decline and dementia.

“Physical activity may not have an impact on your chances of being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s but it will reduce a plethora of other risks…” (RT @KarenAl46890767 see Tweet)


Cardiovascular Toxicity of Illicit Anabolic-Androgenic Steroid Use – Circulation (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Anabolic Steroid Use Linked With Myocardial Dysfunction and Accelerated Atherosclerosis – TCTMD (free) AND Chronic anabolic steroid use may damage heart – American Heart Association News (free)

“The findings are a public health concern, given that as many as 1% of young men, not all of them athletes, may use these agents” (from TCTMD above).


Meta-analysis: Exercise interventions for cognitive function in adults older than 50: a systematic review with meta-analysis – British Journal of Sports Medicine (free)

Source: Exercise Could Benefit Cognition in Older Adults – Physician’s First Watch (free)

“Physical exercise interventions significantly improved cognitive function in adults older than 50 years, regardless of baseline cognitive status”.


Preventing Sports Injury and Illness: Key Resources for Family Physicians – American Family Physician (free)

Selection of resources for primary care providers to improve their ability to prevent and treat injuries from sports and physical activity.


ACR Appropriateness Criteria Adds Topics, Covers More Clinical Variants Than Ever Before (free)

Browse Appropriateness Criteria Topics (free)

Source: Newswise

This comprehensive guide from American College of Radiology (ACR) covers 230 topics with more than 1,100 clinical indications and has just been updated. It is a very useful resource for doctors in all specialties to guide which exam is most appropriate in each clinical situation.


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