Radiology

Supplemental MRI Screening for Women with Extremely Dense Breast Tissue – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Does MRI Screening Benefit Women With Extremely Dense Breasts? – U.S. News (free) AND Mixed Results With Mammo Plus MRI Screening – MedPage Today (free)

“The benefits need to be carefully weighed against the harms, as MRI examination is more expensive, and it requires the injection of a contrast agent into the body. MRI will also detect abnormalities that later turn out not to be breast cancer after all” (from U.S News)

 

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Effectiveness of routine third trimester ultrasonography to reduce adverse perinatal outcomes in low risk pregnancy (the IRIS study): nationwide, pragmatic, multicentre, stepped wedge cluster randomised trial – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Routine third trimester ultrasonography: Avoiding “too much too soon” – The BMJ Opinion (free)

 

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Cascades of Care After Incidental Findings in a US National Survey of Physicians – JAMA Network Open (free)

Commentaries: The Important but Rarely Studied Cascade of Care – JAMA Network Open (free) AND Incidental Test Findings and the Burden They Create – MedPage Today (free registration required)

Related: Umbrella Review: Prevalence and Outcomes of Incidental Imaging Findings (free)

 

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Supplement: Vascular Imaging

16 Oct, 2019 | 08:42h | UTC

Review: Ultrasonography of the Lung

10 Oct, 2019 | 09:07h | UTC

Review: Overview of Epidermoid Cyst

10 Sep, 2019 | 01:03h | UTC

Cardiac Amyloidosis: Updates in Imaging

27 Aug, 2019 | 00:21h | UTC

Comparison of Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Targeted Biopsy With Systematic Biopsy Alone for the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Network Open (free)

Commentaries: The Evolving Paradigm of Prostate Cancer Screening – JAMA Network Open (free) AND MRIs Improve Targeting of Biopsies for Prostate Cancer Diagnosis – MedicalResearch.com (free)

Related Cochrane Review: MRI Pathway vs. Systematic Biopsy for Detecting Prostate Cancer (free)

“Prebiopsy magnetic resonance imaging combined with targeted biopsy is associated with improved detection of clinically significant prostate cancer and reduced numbers of biopsy cores per procedure, while potentially avoiding unnecessary biopsies.”

 


Assessment of Deep Natural Language Processing in Ascertaining Oncologic Outcomes From Radiology Reports – JAMA Oncology (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: The Tipping Point for Deep Learning in Oncology – JAMA Oncology (free for a limited period) AND Deep Natural Language Processing of Oncology Radiology Reports – The ASCO Post (free)

 

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MRI versus mammography for breast cancer screening in women with familial risk (FaMRIsc): a multicentre, randomised, controlled trial – The Lancet Oncology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: MRI Breast Screening Better for Women With Familial Cancer Risk – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

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Review: Pathology of the Carotid Space

6 Mar, 2019 | 19:59h | UTC

Safety of MRIs in Patients with Tattoos

10 Feb, 2019 | 15:12h | UTC

Guidelines for the safe provision of anaesthesia in magnetic resonance units 2019 – Anaesthesia (free)

Guidelines from the Association of Anaesthetists and the Neuro Anaesthesia and Critical Care Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

 


Automated Triaging of Adult Chest Radiographs with Deep Artificial Neural Networks – Radiology (free for a limited period)

Commentary: AI interprets chest x-rays, prioritizes critical findings – Radiology Business (free)

 

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International variation in radiation dose for computed tomography examinations: prospective cohort study – The BMJ (free)

 

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Deep neural network improves fracture detection by clinicians – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (free)

“How to reduce emergency doctor misinterpretation of wrist X-rays for fracture by nearly 50%? Deep learning AI, of course” (via @EricTopol see Tweet)

 


Coronary CT Angiography and 5-Year Risk of Myocardial Infarction – New England Journal of Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Five Reasons I Don’t Believe an Imaging Test Improves Outcomes – by Dr. John Mandrola, in Medscape (free registration required)

See also an interesting Tweetorial by @AnilMakam, also suggesting caution before adopting this study results in clinical practice.

 


3-D Color X-Rays in Development

20 Jul, 2018 | 02:05h | UTC

Prevalence and outcomes of incidental imaging findings: umbrella review – The BMJ (free)

Related: Giles Maskell: Incidental anarchy – The BMJ Opinion (free)

“Incidentalomas. If you order imaging studies, you know they are a problem. This meta-analysis quantifies incidentaloma prevalence for specific types of imaging. For MRI of the brain, the prevalence was 22% (95%CI 14 to 31) (via @RasoiniR and @eloder, see Tweet)

 


Perspective: Incidental Anarchy

29 May, 2018 | 20:14h | UTC

Incidental anarchy – The BMJ Opinion (free)

“Giles Maskell writes on over diagnosis and underdiagnosis, the complexities of incidental findings and urges clinicians to “Think before you scan because you can” (via @bmj_latest see Tweet)


NCCN guideline: lung cancer screening

13 Apr, 2018 | 01:28h | UTC