Radiology

Comparison of Multiparametric Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Targeted Biopsy With Systematic Biopsy Alone for the Diagnosis of Prostate Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Network Open (free)

Commentaries: The Evolving Paradigm of Prostate Cancer Screening – JAMA Network Open (free) AND MRIs Improve Targeting of Biopsies for Prostate Cancer Diagnosis – MedicalResearch.com (free)

Related Cochrane Review: MRI Pathway vs. Systematic Biopsy for Detecting Prostate Cancer (free)

“Prebiopsy magnetic resonance imaging combined with targeted biopsy is associated with improved detection of clinically significant prostate cancer and reduced numbers of biopsy cores per procedure, while potentially avoiding unnecessary biopsies.”

 


Assessment of Deep Natural Language Processing in Ascertaining Oncologic Outcomes From Radiology Reports – JAMA Oncology (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: The Tipping Point for Deep Learning in Oncology – JAMA Oncology (free for a limited period) AND Deep Natural Language Processing of Oncology Radiology Reports – The ASCO Post (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


MRI versus mammography for breast cancer screening in women with familial risk (FaMRIsc): a multicentre, randomised, controlled trial – The Lancet Oncology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: MRI Breast Screening Better for Women With Familial Cancer Risk – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


Review: Pathology of the Carotid Space

6 Mar, 2019 | 19:59h | UTC

Safety of MRIs in Patients with Tattoos

10 Feb, 2019 | 15:12h | UTC

Guidelines for the safe provision of anaesthesia in magnetic resonance units 2019 – Anaesthesia (free)

Guidelines from the Association of Anaesthetists and the Neuro Anaesthesia and Critical Care Society of Great Britain and Ireland.

 


Automated Triaging of Adult Chest Radiographs with Deep Artificial Neural Networks – Radiology (free for a limited period)

Commentary: AI interprets chest x-rays, prioritizes critical findings – Radiology Business (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


International variation in radiation dose for computed tomography examinations: prospective cohort study – The BMJ (free)

 

Related Commentary on Twitter

 


Deep neural network improves fracture detection by clinicians – Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (free)

“How to reduce emergency doctor misinterpretation of wrist X-rays for fracture by nearly 50%? Deep learning AI, of course” (via @EricTopol see Tweet)

 


Coronary CT Angiography and 5-Year Risk of Myocardial Infarction – New England Journal of Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Five Reasons I Don’t Believe an Imaging Test Improves Outcomes – by Dr. John Mandrola, in Medscape (free registration required)

See also an interesting Tweetorial by @AnilMakam, also suggesting caution before adopting this study results in clinical practice.

 


3-D Color X-Rays in Development

20 Jul, 2018 | 02:05h | UTC

Prevalence and outcomes of incidental imaging findings: umbrella review – The BMJ (free)

Related: Giles Maskell: Incidental anarchy – The BMJ Opinion (free)

“Incidentalomas. If you order imaging studies, you know they are a problem. This meta-analysis quantifies incidentaloma prevalence for specific types of imaging. For MRI of the brain, the prevalence was 22% (95%CI 14 to 31) (via @RasoiniR and @eloder, see Tweet)

 


Perspective: Incidental Anarchy

29 May, 2018 | 20:14h | UTC

Incidental anarchy – The BMJ Opinion (free)

“Giles Maskell writes on over diagnosis and underdiagnosis, the complexities of incidental findings and urges clinicians to “Think before you scan because you can” (via @bmj_latest see Tweet)


NCCN guideline: lung cancer screening

13 Apr, 2018 | 01:28h | UTC

Review: The Incidental Thyroid Nodule

30 Jan, 2018 | 20:00h | UTC

Why AI Will Not Replace Radiologists

26 Jan, 2018 | 00:03h | UTC

Review: Diagnostic Endoscopic Ultrasound

10 Jan, 2018 | 00:10h | UTC

Review: Signs in Neuroradiology

30 Nov, 2017 | 17:46h | UTC

Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography vs Functional Stress Testing for Patients With Suspected Coronary Artery Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Internal Medicine (free)

Invited commentary: Coronary Computed Tomographic Angiography—The First Test for Evaluating Patients With Chest Pain? (free)

Commentary: Coronary CT Angiography vs. Stress Testing: Meta-Analysis Offers Mixed Results – Physician’s First Watch (free)

Coronary Computed Tomografic Angiography (CCTA) was associated with a very small reduction in the incidence of myocardial infarction (0.7% vs 1.1% = 0.4% absolute risk reduction), but without differences in death or cardiac hospitalization. Patients undergoing CCTA were significantly more likely to undergo invasive coronary angiography (11.7% vs 9.1%), revascularization (7.2% vs 4.5%) and were also more likely to receive a diagnosis of new CAD and to have initiated aspirin or statin therapy.

 


Managing Head Trauma in Children

3 Oct, 2017 | 21:55h | UTC