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NEWS - Pediatrics

E-cigarette Use and Subsequent Smoking Frequency Among Adolescents – Pediatrics (free)

Commentary: E-cigarette users have greater odds of subsequent cigarette use – 2 Minute Medicine (free)

“Among adolescent never smokers, electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) users had approximately 4-fold greater odds of initiating cigarette use at follow-up 2-3 years later.” (from 2 Minute Medicine)

 


Dietary modifications for infantile colic – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Diet changes for infant colic – Cochrane Library (free)

“Based on available evidence, we are unable to recommend any intervention”

 


Associations between 24 hour movement behaviours and global cognition in US children: a cross-sectional observational study – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Limiting children’s recreational screen time to less than 2 hours a day linked to better cognition – The Lancet (free) AND Limiting children’s screen time linked to better cognition, study says – CNN (free) AND Limiting children’s screen time linked to better cognition – BBC (free)

“Researchers said more work was now needed to better understand the effects of different types of screen use. However, they acknowledge that their observational study shows only an association between screen time and cognition and cannot prove a causal link.” (from BBC)

 


Association between maternal gluten intake and type 1 diabetes in offspring: national prospective cohort study in Denmark – The BMJ (free)

Editorial: Dietary gluten and type 1 diabetes (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Expert reaction to research on high gluten intake during pregnancy and type 1 diabetes in children – Science Media Centre (free) AND Higher Gluten Intake in Pregnancy Tied to Increased Diabetes Risk in Offspring – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND High gluten intake during pregnancy associated with diabetes – OnMedica (free)’

“As such these results, whilst well executed and very interesting, would need to be confirmed within independent similarly sized or bigger studies as stated by the authors themselves.” (from Science Media Centre)

 


Antibiotics for prolonged wet cough in children – Cochrane Library (link to abstract and plain language summary – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Antibiotics for pediatric chronic wet cough: Cochrane review – Univadis (free registration required)

 


Rotavirus Vaccination and the Global Burden of Rotavirus Diarrhea Among Children Younger Than 5 Years – JAMA Pediatrics (free)

“Rotavirus-associated mortality has decreased by 48.2% in children under 5 between 1990 and 2016” (via @IHME_UW see Tweet with infographics)

 


Oral steroids for resolution of otitis media with effusion in children (OSTRICH): a double-blinded, placebo-controlled randomised trial – The Lancet (free)

Invited commentary: Helping children with hearing loss from otitis media with effusion – The Lancet (free)

“Short-course oral prednisolone is not an effective treatment for most children aged 2–8 years with persistent otitis media with effusion but is well tolerated—findings from OSTRICH, the first placebo-controlled trial” (via @TheLancet see Tweet)

 


Strategic review of child health – The BMJ (free articles)

“About 5.6m children died before their 5th birthday in 2016. The new global child health collection launching today explores how we can work together to safeguard the health and wellbeing of children across the world.”


Pharmacological Treatment of Arterial Hypertension in Children and Adolescents: A Network Meta-Analysis – Hypertension (free)

Commentary: Pediatric hypertension: ACEi/ARBs look like the best choice – Univadis (free)

“According to the present analysis, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers could represent the best choice as antihypertensive treatment for pediatric hypertension. However, because of the paucity of available data for the other classes of antihypertensive drugs, definitive conclusions are not allowed and further randomized controlled trials are warranted.”

 


ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR guidelines on pediatric parenteral nutrition – Clinical Nutrition:

Complications

Energy

Iron and trace minerals

Calcium, phosphorus and magnesium

Amino acids

Carbohydrates

Lipids

Venous access

 


INSPIRE: Seven strategies for ending violence against children – World Health Organization (free resources)

Fact Sheet: Violence against children – World Health Organization (free)

The package includes the core document describing what the INSPIRE strategies and interventions are; an implementation handbook that provides details on how to implement the interventions, and a set of indicators to measure the uptake of INSPIRE and its impact on levels of violence against children.

 


Association of Hypertensive Disorders of Pregnancy With Risk of Neurodevelopmental Disorders in Offspring: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Psychiatry (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Hypertension in Pregnancy Tied to Autism, ADHD – MedPage Today (free registration required)

“Researchers call for greater pediatric surveillance of infants in hypertensive moms” (from MedPage Today)

 


Stimulants for ADHD in children: Revisited – Therapeutics Initiative (via @AllenFrancesMD)

“There is convincing evidence that a proportion of boys and girls treated with stimulants in BC and around the world are simply the youngest in their class”

 


Methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents – assessment of adverse events in non-randomised studies – Cochrane Library (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Summary: Methylphenidate for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adolescents – assessment of harmful effects – Cochrane Library (free)

“Our findings suggest that methylphenidate may be associated with a number of serious adverse events as well as a large number of non-serious adverse events in children and adolescents, which often lead to withdrawal of methylphenidate”.

 


Clinical Practice Guideline: Chronic Asthma – Toward Optimized Practice (free PDF)

See also: Summary (free PDF)

Related: see all TOP Clinical Practice Guidelines, a practical resource for Family Physicians at the point of care.

 


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