What’s the best way for children to lose weight?

23Jun
2017

Continuous positive airway pressure for children with undifferentiated respiratory distress

23Jun
2017

An update on Zika virus infection

22Jun
2017

An update on Zika virus infection – The Lancet (free registration required)

“Update on Zika virus infection (2017): review focuses on important updates & gaps in the knowledge” (RT @TheLancet see Tweet)

 

Every Newborn Action Plan – World Health Organization

22Jun
2017

Every Newborn Action Plan – World Health Organization (free) (RT @WHO see Tweet with infographic)

Related report from UK: Each Baby Counts – Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (free PDF) Each Baby Counts Homepage (free resources) AND Reducing baby deaths and brain injuries during childbirth – BBC News (free)

Every year, 2.7 million babies die in the first 28 days of life. 75% of these deaths are preventable.

 

WHO toolkit for the care and support of people affected by complications associated with Zika virus

21Jun
2017

Can Zika infection attack the brains of newborns?

21Jun
2017

Free online course. Starts today! Improving the Health of Women, Children and Adolescents

19Jun
2017

Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Childhood and Adolescence

16Jun
2017

Risk of major congenital malformations in relation to maternal overweight and obesity severity

16Jun
2017

Low-Dose Ferrous Sulfate vs Iron Polysaccharide Complex for Iron-Deficiency Anemia

15Jun
2017

Effect of Low-Dose Ferrous Sulfate vs Iron Polysaccharide Complex on Hemoglobin Concentration in Young Children With Nutritional Iron-Deficiency Anemia: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

The JAMA Network – For the Media: Treating Nutritional Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Children (free)

Commentaries: Ferrous Sulfate Drops Tied to Higher Hemoglobin Increases in Kids with Anemia – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Traditional treatment is better for iron-deficiency anaemia in children – OnMedica (free) AND Ferrous Sulfate Effective for Iron-Deficiency Anemia in Kids – Medscape (free registration required)

Researchers expected that Iron Polysaccharide Complex would restore hemoglobin more effectively, because it is designed to be tolerated better, but the proportion of infants and children with a complete resolution of iron-deficiency anemia was higher in the ferrous sulfate group (29 percent vs 6 percent).

 

Improving Recognition of Pediatric Severe Sepsis

13Jun
2017

Timing of food introduction and development of food sensitization

12Jun
2017

Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Maternal and Infant Outcomes

8Jun
2017

Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth

8Jun
2017

Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth: A Randomized Controlled Trial – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Eggs Significantly Increase Growth in Young Children – Washington University in St. Louis, via NewsWise (free) AND An egg a day appears to help young children grow taller – BBC Health News (free)

“Surpassing previous research, study finds eggs are more viable nutrition, better intervention for children in developing countries” (from NewsWise)

 

BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of peanut and tree nut allergy

7Jun
2017

Current Tobacco Smoking and Desire to Quit Smoking Among Students Aged 13–15 Years

7Jun
2017

The impact of the environment on children’s health – New WHO Reports

7Jun
2017

Prenatal antidepressant use and risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in offspring

7Jun
2017

Prebiotic for Overweight or Obesity Children?

7Jun
2017

Prebiotic Reduces Body Fat and Alters Intestinal Microbiota in Children With Overweight or Obesity (free PDF)

Commentary: Prebiotics reduce body fat in overweight children – American Gastroenterological Association, via EurekAlert (free)

Small randomized trial (42 patients) suggests prebiotics might be useful for overweight and obese children.

 

Italy has introduced mandatory vaccinations – other countries should follow its lead

5Jun
2017

Television in the bedroom and body fatness

4Jun
2017

The high cost of childhood disruptive behavior disorders

4Jun
2017

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Screening – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

31May
2017

Countries like German and Italy are adopting mandatory vaccination policies

29May
2017

Eating disorders: recognition and treatment

26May
2017

Stroke in Childhood: Clinical guideline for diagnosis, management and rehabilitation

25May
2017

Very strict blood sugar control in critically ill children provides no benefit

25May
2017

Human papillomavirus vaccines: WHO position paper

25May
2017

Human papillomavirus vaccines: WHO position paper, May 2017 – World Health Organization Weekly epidemiological record (free PDF)

“WHO update on HPV vaccine. Short summary – it’s very safe, very effective, widespread implementation recommended” (RT @michaelgheadsee Tweet)

 

Factors Associated with Pediatric Mortality from Motor Vehicle Crashes

25May
2017

Electronic WHO Postpartum Family Planning Compendium

24May
2017

Electronic WHO Postpartum Family Planning Compendium – World Health Organization (free)

How to use it: Introducing the World Health Organization Postpartum Family Planning Compendium – International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics (free)

This interactive website integrates essential guidance on postpartum family planning for clinicians, program managers, and policy makers.

 

Pediatricians Advise No Fruit Juice Until Kids Are 1

23May
2017

Guidelines on eosinophilic esophagitis

23May
2017

Antenatal corticosteroids for accelerating fetal lung maturation for women at risk of preterm birth

18May
2017

Global accelerated action for the health of adolescents

17May
2017

Cough in Children – Chest Guidelines

17May
2017

Drowning: a silent killer – The Lancet

16May
2017

Guideline for the Management of Fever and Neutropenia in Children

10May
2017

Preventing drowning: an implementation guide – World Health Organization

3May
2017

Updated Guidelines for the Use of Antiretroviral Agents in Pediatric HIV Infection

3May
2017

Head injury decision rules in children

26Apr
2017

Accuracy of PECARN, CATCH, and CHALICE head injury decision rules in children: a prospective cohort study – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Sources: External Validation of Three Decision Rules for Pediatric Head Injury – Journal Watch (free) AND Best way to diagnose head injuries in children and minimize CT scans – ScienceDaily (free) AND PECARN, CATCH, CHALICE … or None of the Above? – By Ryan P. Radecki, MD, in Emergency Medicine Literature of Note (free)

The 3 decision rules performed well with negative predictive values >99%. The PECARN clinical decision rule was more sensitive and missed only 1 patient with clinically important traumatic brain injury, but was less specific, meaning more CTs would be required. These findings indicate that CT can generally be avoided if one of the prediction rules are negative.

 

World Immunization Week, 24-30 April 2017

25Apr
2017

World Immunization Week, 24-30 April 2017 – World Health Organization (free)

Press release: World Immunization Week 2017 (free)

See also: WHO’s work on immunization (free)

“Increasing immunization globally could save an additional 1.5 million people every year”.

 

Nursery Product-Related Injuries

25Apr
2017

Nursery Product-Related Injuries Treated in United States Emergency Departments – Pediatrics (free)

Source: Common Nursery Products Send Thousands of Children to Hospitals – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free) (RT @CMichaelGibson)

Baby carriers, mattresses, strollers, high chairs, changing tables, bath seats and other ordinary nursery products lead to injuries and emergency room visits for 66,000 children a year in U.S.

 

New warnings about the use of codeine and tramadol

24Apr
2017

A case for global investment in the capabilities of adolescents

21Apr
2017

Why it’s a bad idea to space out your child’s vaccination shots

19Apr
2017

Why it’s a bad idea to space out your child’s vaccination shots – The Washington Post (a few articles per month are free)

“Splitting immunizations into several visits only increases children’s stress” (RT @IDSAInfo see Tweet)

 

Associations of Maternal Antidepressant Use and Complications in Offspring

19Apr
2017

Associations of Maternal Antidepressant Use During the First Trimester of Pregnancy With Preterm Birth, Small for Gestational Age, Autism Spectrum Disorder, and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Offspring – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Contradicting a previous study showing increased risk of autism with antidepressant use during pregnancy (free), this large retrospect cohort study of 1 580 629 Swedish offspring did not show an association of antidepressant use during pregnancy and autism or other neurodevelopment problems.

 

Too Clean for Our Children’s Good?

18Apr
2017

Too Clean for Our Children’s Good? – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

According to the “hygiene hypothesis”, some exposure to germs and microorganisms might be good for us because it helps develop the immune system. 

 

The Breastfeeding-Friendly Pediatric Office Practice

18Apr
2017

The Breastfeeding-Friendly Pediatric Office Practice – American Academy of Pediatrics (free)

Source: AAP: Pediatricians Should Support Breastfeeding Moms – MedPage Today (free registration required)

Recent recommendation from another organization: Breastfeeding: Primary Care Interventions – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (free)

Summary of USPSTF recommendations: Primary Care Interventions to Support Breastfeeding: Recommendation Statement – American Family Physician (free)

The American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force have issued recommendations for promoting and supporting breastfeeding.

 

Insulin pump didn’t improve glycemic control compared to training on injections

18Apr
2017

Amsterdam’s solution to the obesity crisis: no fruit juice and enough sleep

17Apr
2017

Amsterdam’s solution to the obesity crisis: no fruit juice and enough sleep – The Guardian (free) (RT @DrAseemMalhotra see Tweet)

“The city is successfully fighting fat by promoting tap water in its schools, along with healthy cooking classes and a ban on fast food sponsorship”

 

Recorded childhood cancers rise by 13% worldwide

14Apr
2017

Childhood cancers: 2 new studies on international incidence and survival

13Apr
2017

TV. How much is too much for our kids?

10Apr
2017

No TV during meals may lower obesity risk

10Apr
2017

Pertussis shot in pregnant moms protects newborns

6Apr
2017

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

5Apr
2017

One in 10 Pregnant Women With Zika in U.S. Have Babies With Birth Defects

5Apr
2017

Child and Adolescent Health From 1990 to 2015

4Apr
2017

American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria Adds Topics

4Apr
2017

ACR Appropriateness Criteria Adds Topics, Covers More Clinical Variants Than Ever Before (free)

Browse Appropriateness Criteria Topics (free)

Source: Newswise

This comprehensive guide from American College of Radiology (ACR) covers 230 topics with more than 1,100 clinical indications and has just been updated. It is a very useful resource for doctors in all specialties to guide which exam is most appropriate in each clinical situation.

 

Anti-leukotriene agents in persistent asthma

3Apr
2017

Addition of anti-leukotriene agents to inhaled corticosteroids for adults and adolescents with persistent asthma – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (link to summary – $ required for full-text)

Source: EvidenceAlerts

In patients with asthma not controlled with daily low-dose inhaled corticosteroids, adding anti-leukotriene agents reduced by half the number of patients with asthma exacerbations requiring an oral corticosteroid and improved lung function and asthma control.

 

Exposure to antenatal corticosteroids and outcomes in preterm infants

31Mar
2017

Exposure to any antenatal corticosteroids and outcomes in preterm infants by gestational age: prospective cohort study – The BMJ (free)

Editorial: Antenatal corticosteroids for women at risk of preterm delivery (free)

See also: Antenatal Steroids Benefit Very Premature Infants Most – Medscape (free registration required)

“This study found that among infants born from 23 to 34 weeks’ gestation, antenatal exposure to corticosteroids compared with no exposure was associated with lower mortality and morbidity at most gestations”.

 

Antibiotic Therapy versus Appendectomy for Acute Uncomplicated Appendicitis

29Mar
2017

Comparison of Antibiotic Therapy and Appendectomy for Acute Uncomplicated Appendicitis in Children: A Meta-analysis – JAMA Pediatrics(free)

Editorial: Medical Treatment of Pediatric Appendicitis: Are We There Yet? (free)

See also a recent meta-analysis and related commentaries on the same subject (free)

Nonoperative treatment was successful in 90% of cases. Subgroup analysis indicated an increased risk for initial fails and recurrent appendicitis in those with appendicolith.

 

Screening for Celiac Disease

29Mar
2017

Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development

27Mar
2017

Maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation and other biomedical and socioenvironmental influences on children’s cognition at age 9–12 years in Indonesia: follow-up of the SUMMIT randomised trial – The Lancet Global Health (free)

Related commentary: Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development (free)

“Maternal MMN had long-term benefits for child cognitive development at 9–12 years of age, thereby supporting its role in early childhood development, and policy change toward MMN”. The related commentary above does not seem to agree with this statement from the authors, stating that the new evidence does not provide enough weight for a policy change from prenatal iron and folate to MMN supplementation.

 

Efficacy of Heat-Stable Oral Rotavirus Vaccine

23Mar
2017
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