Pediatrics

Special Issue: Neonatal ECMO in 2019

15 Oct, 2019 | 10:11h | UTC

Global Atlas on Childhood Obesity

7 Oct, 2019 | 06:01h | UTC

Penicillin V four times daily for five days versus three times daily for 10 days in patients with pharyngotonsillitis caused by group A streptococci: randomised controlled, open label, non-inferiority study – The BMJ (free)

 

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Immunogenicity, effectiveness, and safety of measles vaccination in infants younger than 9 months: a systematic review and meta-analysis – The Lancet Infectious Diseases (free)

Related Article: Effect of measles vaccination in infants younger than 9 months on the immune response to subsequent measles vaccine doses: a systematic review and meta-analysis – The Lancet Infectious Diseases (free)

Invited Commentary: Early vaccination: a provisional measure to prevent measles in infants (free)

 

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The global burden of childhood and adolescent cancer in 2017: an analysis of the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 – The Lancet Oncology (free)

Commentaries: Global burden of childhood cancer: growing, but controllable – The Lancet Oncology (free) AND Globally, more than 11 million years of healthy life lost due to childhood cancer in 2017 – The Lancet (free)

 

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Updates in Pediatric Hospital Medicine

24 Jul, 2019 | 01:02h | UTC

Clinical Practice: Measles

14 Jul, 2019 | 20:05h | UTC

Delayed childhood neurodevelopment and neurosensory alterations in the second year of life in a prospective cohort of ZIKV-exposed children – Nature Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

News Release: A third of children up to age 3 exposed to Zika in-utero have neurological problems – UCLA (free) AND Maternal Zika infection tied to poor development in 32% of tots – CIDRAP (free)

 

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Causes of severe pneumonia requiring hospital admission in children without HIV infection from Africa and Asia: the PERCH multi-country case-control study – The Lancet (free)

Commentaries: What the PERCH study means for future pneumonia strategies – The Lancet (free) AND Study: Viruses cause most global pediatric pneumonia – CIDRAP (free)

 

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Management of Congenital Heart Disease: State of the Art – Children (free articles)

Part I—ACYANOTIC Heart Defects

Part II—Cyanotic Heart Defects

 


Longer-Term Assessment of Azithromycin for Reducing Childhood Mortality in Africa – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Related: Macrolide Resistance in MORDOR I — A Cluster-Randomized Trial in Niger – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

 

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Association of Preterm Birth With Risk of Ischemic Heart Disease in Adulthood – JAMA Pediatrics (free for a limited period)

Editorial: Cardiovascular Risk in Adults Born Preterm: Time to Act (free for a limited period)

Commentary: Preemies and early arrivals have higher risk of heart disease as adults – Reuters (free)

 

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Long term tapering versus standard prednisolone treatment for first episode of childhood nephrotic syndrome: phase III randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation – The BMJ (free)

 

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Preventive lipid‐based nutrient supplements given with complementary foods to infants and young children 6 to 23 months of age for health, nutrition, and developmental outcomes – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Effect of lipid-based nutrient supplementation on infants and young children – Cochrane Library (free)

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Association between Apgar scores of 7 to 9 and neonatal mortality and morbidity: population based cohort study of term infants in Sweden – The BMJ (free)

Commentaries: The Apgar score and association with neonatal mortality and morbidity – The BMJ Opinion (free) AND Lower ‘normal’ Apgar scores linked to poorer outcomes – OnMedica (free)

 

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Canadian Pediatric Anesthesia Society statement on clear fluid fasting for elective pediatric anesthesia – Canadian Journal of Anesthesia (free)

Related: Position Statement: Clear Fluids Fasting for Elective Pediatric Anesthesia (free guidelines and reviews on the subject)

“Pediatric patients should be encouraged and allowed to ingest clear fluids up to one hour before elective anesthesia or sedation.”

 


Optimal management after paediatric lumbar puncture: a randomized controlled trial – BMC Neurology (free)

Related Cochrane Review : Posture and fluids for preventing post‐dural puncture headache (free) AND Summary: Body position and intake of fluids for preventing headache after a lumbar puncture (free)

After a lumbar puncture in children, a shorter time (30 min) of fasting and lying supine without a pillow is not associated with a higher risk of post-lumbar puncture headache or lower back pain.