Open access

NEWS - Pediatrics

Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care – American Academy of Pediatrics

Part I. Practice Preparation, Identification, Assessment, and Initial Management (free)

Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management (free)

Commentary: Pediatricians Call For Universal Depression Screening For Teens – NPR (free)


Five and 10 minute Apgar scores and risks of cerebral palsy and epilepsy: population based cohort study in Sweden – The BMJ (free)

Infographic: The vital ­first 10 minutes (free PDF)

Even slight changes within the normal Apgar score range (7-10) from five to 10 minutes have a major influence in the risks of cerebral palsy and epilepsy.


Association of Time to Treatment With Short-term Outcomes for Pediatric Patients With Refractory Convulsive Status Epilepticus – JAMA Neurology (free for a period)

Editorial: Time May Be of the Essence in the Treatment of Pediatric Patients With Refractory Convulsive Status Epilepticus (free)

Commentary: Delays Raise Death Risk in Kids with Status Epilepticus – MedPage Today (free registration required)

“These findings may change the perception of acute seizure and status epilepticus treatment, tentatively converting it into an extremely time-sensitive emergency that is similar to stroke or other cardiovascular events”.


Editorial: Children and social media – The Lancet (free)

Original report: Life in ‘likes’ – Children’s Commissioner (free)

See also a recent Pediatrics supplement: Children, Adolescents and Screens: What We Know and What We Need To Learn (series of free articles) and related articles on Social Media and Mental Health


The use of probiotics to prevent Clostridium difficile diarrhea associated with antibiotic use – Cochrane Library (free)

See related meta-analysis: Timely Use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection

“Based on this systematic review and meta-analysis of 31 randomized controlled trials including 8672 patients, moderate certainty evidence suggests that probiotics are effective for preventing C. difficile-associated diarrhea”


Treating Anxiety in Children – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)


Caesarean section is better for extremely premature breech babies but not necessarily for their mothers – NIHR Signal (free)

“Delivering extremely preterm breech babies (23 to 27 weeks) by caesarean reduced the risk of infant death or brain bleeds by around 40%, compared with vaginal delivery”. (RT @NIHR_DC see Tweet)


Book: Child and Adolescent Health and Development – Disease Control Priorities, 3rd Edition (free)

Press Release: DCP3 Publishes Latest Volume: Child and Adolescent Health and Development (free)

Key Messages From the Series: Disease Control Priorities 3rd edition – The Lancet (7 reviews – free registration required)

Other books in the series: Essential Surgery / Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, and Child Health / Cancer / Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders / Injury Prevention and Environmental Health / Major Infectious Diseases /Cardiovascular, respiratory, and related disorders / Disease Control Priorities (all free)

“Third edition of Disease Control Priorities launches today. A vast resource evaluating policy choices affecting the access, uptake & quality of interventions & delivery platforms to improve health in LMICs”. (RT @MRCTEG_LSHTM see Tweet)


Point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders containing iron in children of preschool and school-age – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text)

“Powdered vitamins and minerals added to foods at the point-of-use reduces anaemia and iron deficiency in preschool- and school-age children”.


Children, Adolescents and Screens: What We Know and What We Need To Learn – Pediatrics Supplement (free articles)

Table of contents

– Introduction

– Digital Screen Media and Cognitive Development

– Media Multitasking and Cognitive, Psychological, Neural, and Learning Differences

– Benefits and Costs of Social Media in Adolescence

– Digital Life and Youth Well-being, Social Connectedness, Empathy, and Narcissism

– Digital Media, Anxiety, and Depression in Children

– Internet Gaming Disorder in Children and Adolescents

– Virtual Reality in Pediatric Psychology

– Digital Media and Sleep in Childhood and Adolescence

– Screen Media Exposure and Obesity in Children and Adolescents

– Digital Media and Risks for Adolescent Substance Abuse and Problematic Gambling

– Small Screen Use and Driving Safety

– Parenting and Digital Media

– Children’s Privacy in the Big Data Era: Research Opportunities

– Developing Digital and Media Literacies in Children and Adolescents

– Digital Media, Participatory Politics, and Positive Youth Development

– Digital Inequality and Developmental Trajectories of Low-income, Immigrant, and Minority Children

– Global Perspectives on Children’s Digital Opportunities: An Emerging Research and Policy Agenda

– Screen Violence and Youth Behavior

– Defining Cyberbullying

– The Effect of Advertising on Children and Adolescents

– Social Group Stories in the Media and Child Development

– Sexual Media and Childhood Well-being and Health


We Need to Talk About Kids and Smartphones – TIME (free)

Related: Have Smartphones Destroyed a Generation? – The Atlantic (free)

“Just how dangerous are smartphones for kids? Here’s why health experts are worried”


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