Timely Use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection

26Jun
2017

Timely Use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection: A Systematic Review With Meta-Regression Analysis – Gastroenterology (free)

Source: EvidenceAlerts (free resource to find articles of interest)

In this meta-analysis including 19 randomized trials, probiotics given within 2 days of the first antibiotic dose (more effective than if started later) reduced the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) by >50% in hospitalized adults. 1 case of CDI would be prevented for every 23−144 patients treated with probiotics when antibiotics are started. “There was no convincing evidence of superior efficacy for any of the tested probiotic formulations, delivery methods (drink or capsule), or probiotic doses”.

 

Adult weight management: guidance for commissioners and providers

26Jun
2017

Spotlight on FODMAPs for IBS

25Jun
2017

Obesity now kills more people worldwide than car crashes, terror attacks, and Alzheimer’s combined

25Jun
2017

What’s the best way for children to lose weight?

23Jun
2017

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents

21Jun
2017

Taxing sugary drinks would boost productivity, not just health

21Jun
2017

Your vitamin D tests and supplements are probably a waste of money

21Jun
2017

Your vitamin D tests and supplements are probably a waste of money – VOX (free)

Related: Why Are So Many People Popping Vitamin D? – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“Screening for vitamin D has exploded — with no good evidence that it helps people.”

 

Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association

19Jun
2017

Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association (free PDF)

Invited Commentary: Trimming the Fat on Diet Recommendations for a Healthy Heart: Emphasis on Eating Patterns over Dietary Restrictions (free)

Top Ten Things to Know: Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory from the American Heart Association (free PDF)

AHA News: Advisory: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat could lower cardiovascular risks (free)

News release: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat may lower cholesterol as well as drugs in context of a healthy diet (free)

AHA no longer recommends decreasing total fat, but to replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats. “Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat in the diet lowers cardiovascular disease risk as much as cholesterol-lowering statin drugs”

 

Is There an Association Between Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and PAD?

16Jun
2017

Moderate alcohol consumption as risk factor for adverse brain outcomes and cognitive decline

8Jun
2017

Reducing cardiovascular disease burden through targeted dietary policies

8Jun
2017

Association of Gestational Weight Gain With Maternal and Infant Outcomes

8Jun
2017

Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth

8Jun
2017

Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth: A Randomized Controlled Trial – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Eggs Significantly Increase Growth in Young Children – Washington University in St. Louis, via NewsWise (free) AND An egg a day appears to help young children grow taller – BBC Health News (free)

“Surpassing previous research, study finds eggs are more viable nutrition, better intervention for children in developing countries” (from NewsWise)

 

BSACI guideline for the diagnosis and management of peanut and tree nut allergy

7Jun
2017

Prebiotic for Overweight or Obesity Children?

7Jun
2017

Prebiotic Reduces Body Fat and Alters Intestinal Microbiota in Children With Overweight or Obesity (free PDF)

Commentary: Prebiotics reduce body fat in overweight children – American Gastroenterological Association, via EurekAlert (free)

Small randomized trial (42 patients) suggests prebiotics might be useful for overweight and obese children.

 

Chocolate intake and risk of clinically apparent atrial fibrillation

4Jun
2017

DASH diet and risk of gout

4Jun
2017

The Weight Loss Trap: Why Your Diet Isn’t Working

29May
2017

The Weight Loss Trap: Why Your Diet Isn’t Working – Time (cover story) (free)

“The challenges of weight loss and obesity – really well addressed” (RT @EricTopol see Tweet)

 

Reducing Risk After Cancer: Healthy Lifestyle (and Tree Nuts)

26May
2017

Eating disorders: recognition and treatment

26May
2017

Just one alcoholic drink a day may increase breast cancer risk

24May
2017

Trans-fat – The Worst Fat in the Food Supply

24May
2017

The Worst Fat in the Food Supply – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

See also a recent study and commentaries on the effects of trans-fat bans in our April 23rd issue (see #1)

Trans-fat bans seem to be reducing cardiovascular deaths.

 

Pediatricians Advise No Fruit Juice Until Kids Are 1

23May
2017

Nutrition and metabolism in burn patients

18May
2017

Mortality from different causes associated with meat, heme iron, nitrates, and nitrites

10May
2017

Meta-analysis: Mortality from different causes associated with meat, heme iron, nitrates, and nitrites in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study: population based cohort study – The BMJ (free)

High intakes of red and processed meat are associated with increased risks of all-cause mortality and death due to nine different causes.

 

Milk and dairy consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality

10May
2017

Weight management programmes of extended duration

5May
2017

Randomized controlled trial: Extended and standard duration weight-loss programme referrals for adults in primary care (WRAP): a randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (free)

Invited commentary: Weight management programmes of extended duration – The Lancet (free)

Commentary: Give overweight patients a year of weight-loss classes, say researchers – The Guardian (free)

In this trial with 1,267 overweight or obese participants an extended weight loss program (1 year) was more effective for weight loss and seems cost-effective in the longer term.

Alternate-day fasting does not seem to lead to greater weight loss

3May
2017

Sugar- and Artificially Sweetened Beverages and the Risks of Incident Stroke and Dementia

24Apr
2017

Effect of Weight Reduction on Hemoglobin A1c

24Apr
2017

Systematic review: Effect of Weight Reduction on Hemoglobin A1c in weight loss trials of Type 2 Diabetes Patients – Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“Each 1kg reduction in weight loss trials associated with 0.1% reduction in HbA1c” (RT @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)

 

Beverage consumption taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages

20Apr
2017

Banning trans fats in New York prevented thousands of heart attacks

13Apr
2017

Multivitamins are probably a waste of money

12Apr
2017

Vitamins and the Failure of Free-Market Health – The Atlantic (free)

“The booming dietary-supplement industry is plagued by outlandish claims, undermining credible science, and seeding confusion”.

 

Effect of Baseline Nutritional Status on Long-term Multivitamin Use and Cardiovascular Disease Risk – JAMA Cardiology (link to abstract – $ required for full-text)

See also: Multivitamins may not improve heart health in men – UPI (free) AND Other recent commentary on multivitamins: Multivitamins a waste of money and just create ‘very expensive urine’ – The Guardian (free)

“Multivitamin use does not prevent major CV disease events in men, regardless of baseline nutritional status” (RT @CaulfieldTim)

 

ESPEN guideline: Clinical nutrition in surgery

27Mar
2017

Alcohol and cardiovascular disease

27Mar
2017

Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development

27Mar
2017

Maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation and other biomedical and socioenvironmental influences on children’s cognition at age 9–12 years in Indonesia: follow-up of the SUMMIT randomised trial – The Lancet Global Health (free)

Related commentary: Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development (free)

“Maternal MMN had long-term benefits for child cognitive development at 9–12 years of age, thereby supporting its role in early childhood development, and policy change toward MMN”. The related commentary above does not seem to agree with this statement from the authors, stating that the new evidence does not provide enough weight for a policy change from prenatal iron and folate to MMN supplementation.

 

Dairy consumption and risk of hypertension

23Mar
2017

Dairy consumption, systolic blood pressure, and risk of hypertension: Mendelian randomization study – The BMJ (free)

Contradicting evidence from previous observational studies, dairy consumption was not associated with lower blood pressure.

 

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