Open access

NEWS - Nutrition

Effect of dietary carbohydrate restriction on glycemic control in adults with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“Carbohydrate-restricted diets, associated with reductions in HbA1c of around 0.4% in short term” (via @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)


Associations of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplement Use With Cardiovascular Disease Risks: Meta-analysis of 10 Trials Involving 77 917 Individuals – JAMA Cardiology (free)

Commentary: Omega-3 Supplements Don’t Protect Against Heart Disease – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

Omega-3 fatty acids did not prevent fatal or nonfatal coronary heart disease or any major vascular events.


Big Data Comes to Dieting – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)


Point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders containing iron in children of preschool and school-age – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text)

“Powdered vitamins and minerals added to foods at the point-of-use reduces anaemia and iron deficiency in preschool- and school-age children”.


Health Effects and Public Health Concerns of Energy Drink Consumption in the United States: A Mini-Review – Frontiers in Public Health (free)

Commentaries: Serious health risks associated with energy drinks – ScienceDaily (free)

“To curb this growing public health issue, policy makers should regulate sales and marketing towards children and adolescents and set upper limits on caffeine” (from ScienceDaily)


Circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers: Mendelian randomisation study – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Vitamin D level not associated with cancer risk – Clinical Adviser (free)

“These results, in combination with previous literature, provide evidence that population-wide screening for vitamin D deficiency and subsequent widespread vitamin D supplementation should not currently be recommended as a strategy for primary cancer prevention”.


52-week programme leads to more weight loss than 12-week – NIHR Signal (free)

Original article: Extended and standard duration weight-loss programme referrals for adults in primary care (WRAP): a randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (free) AND Commentary: Weight management programmes of extended duration (free)

“Although short-term costs higher, referring people to a 52-week programme is probably more cost-effective long-term” (RT @NIHR_DC see Tweet)


How Big Business Got Brazil Hooked on Junk Food – The New York times (10 articles per month are free) (RT @glassmanamanda Tweet)

“As growth slows in wealthy countries, Western food companies are aggressively expanding in developing nations, contributing to obesity and health problems”.


New Nutrition Study Changes Nothing – The Atlantic (free) (RT @drjohnm see Tweet)

See original article and commentaries in our August 30 issue (see #1 and #2)

“Why the science of healthy eating appears confusing – but isn’t”


Public Health Guideline: Vitamin D: supplement use in specific population groups – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (free)

“Only test vitamin D status if someone has symptoms of deficiency or is at very high risk”


Global Burden of Sugar-Related Dental Diseases in 168 Countries and Corresponding Health Care Costs – Journal of Dental Research (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: High sugar consumption gives rise to dental treatment costs in the billions – Science Daily (free)

“Worldwide, people are eating far too much sugar. This has negative consequences for their teeth and for their purses: seen at the global level, the costs of dental treatment are currently running at around $172 billion”


Study: diet soda can really mess with your metabolism – VOX (free)

Original article: Integration of Sweet Taste and Metabolism Determines Carbohydrate Reward – Current Biology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

See also a related meta-analysis showing little evidence of artificial sweeteners for weight loss in our July 18th issue (see #2)

“New research helps explain why artificial sweeteners are linked to obesity and metabolic disease”.


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