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Open access

Nutrition

Point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders containing iron in children of preschool and school-age – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text)

“Powdered vitamins and minerals added to foods at the point-of-use reduces anaemia and iron deficiency in preschool- and school-age children”.

 


Health Effects and Public Health Concerns of Energy Drink Consumption in the United States: A Mini-Review – Frontiers in Public Health (free)

Commentaries: Serious health risks associated with energy drinks – ScienceDaily (free)

“To curb this growing public health issue, policy makers should regulate sales and marketing towards children and adolescents and set upper limits on caffeine” (from ScienceDaily)

 


Circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers: Mendelian randomisation study – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Vitamin D level not associated with cancer risk – Clinical Adviser (free)

“These results, in combination with previous literature, provide evidence that population-wide screening for vitamin D deficiency and subsequent widespread vitamin D supplementation should not currently be recommended as a strategy for primary cancer prevention”.

 


52-week programme leads to more weight loss than 12-week – NIHR Signal (free)

Original article: Extended and standard duration weight-loss programme referrals for adults in primary care (WRAP): a randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (free) AND Commentary: Weight management programmes of extended duration (free)

“Although short-term costs higher, referring people to a 52-week programme is probably more cost-effective long-term” (RT @NIHR_DC see Tweet)

 


How Big Business Got Brazil Hooked on Junk Food – The New York times (10 articles per month are free) (RT @glassmanamanda Tweet)

“As growth slows in wealthy countries, Western food companies are aggressively expanding in developing nations, contributing to obesity and health problems”.

 


New Nutrition Study Changes Nothing – The Atlantic (free) (RT @drjohnm see Tweet)

See original article and commentaries in our August 30 issue (see #1 and #2)

“Why the science of healthy eating appears confusing – but isn’t”

 


Public Health Guideline: Vitamin D: supplement use in specific population groups – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (free)

“Only test vitamin D status if someone has symptoms of deficiency or is at very high risk”

 


Global Burden of Sugar-Related Dental Diseases in 168 Countries and Corresponding Health Care Costs – Journal of Dental Research (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: High sugar consumption gives rise to dental treatment costs in the billions – Science Daily (free)

“Worldwide, people are eating far too much sugar. This has negative consequences for their teeth and for their purses: seen at the global level, the costs of dental treatment are currently running at around $172 billion”

 


Study: diet soda can really mess with your metabolism – VOX (free)

Original article: Integration of Sweet Taste and Metabolism Determines Carbohydrate Reward – Current Biology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

See also a related meta-analysis showing little evidence of artificial sweeteners for weight loss in our July 18th issue (see #2)

“New research helps explain why artificial sweeteners are linked to obesity and metabolic disease”.

 


The Population Health Benefits Of A Healthy Lifestyle: Life Expectancy Increased And Onset Of Disability Delayed – Health Affairs (free)

Commentary: Healthy Lifestyle May Increase Lifespan by 7 Years – Medscape (free registration required)

 


3 – Breaking multiple unhealthy habits all at once has modest impact, but not always… – NIHR Signal (free)

Original article: Multiple Risk Behavior Interventions: Meta-analyses of RCTs – American Journal of Preventive Medicine (free)

“Review suggests it might be sensible to tackle smoking and diet separately, rather than at the same time” (RT @NIHR_DC see Tweet)

 


Medical News & Perspectives: Can a Diet That Mimics Fasting Turn Back the Clock? – JAMA (free)

“A Longer Life Through Fasting?” (RT @JAMA_current see Tweet)

 


Timely Use of Probiotics in Hospitalized Adults Prevents Clostridium difficile Infection: A Systematic Review With Meta-Regression Analysis – Gastroenterology (free)

Source: EvidenceAlerts (free resource to find articles of interest)

In this meta-analysis including 19 randomized trials, probiotics given within 2 days of the first antibiotic dose (more effective than if started later) reduced the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) by >50% in hospitalized adults. 1 case of CDI would be prevented for every 23−144 patients treated with probiotics when antibiotics are started. “There was no convincing evidence of superior efficacy for any of the tested probiotic formulations, delivery methods (drink or capsule), or probiotic doses”.

 


Your vitamin D tests and supplements are probably a waste of money – VOX (free)

Related: Why Are So Many People Popping Vitamin D? – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“Screening for vitamin D has exploded — with no good evidence that it helps people.”

 


Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association (free PDF)

Invited Commentary: Trimming the Fat on Diet Recommendations for a Healthy Heart: Emphasis on Eating Patterns over Dietary Restrictions (free)

Top Ten Things to Know: Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory from the American Heart Association (free PDF)

AHA News: Advisory: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat could lower cardiovascular risks (free)

News release: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat may lower cholesterol as well as drugs in context of a healthy diet (free)

AHA no longer recommends decreasing total fat, but to replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats. “Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat in the diet lowers cardiovascular disease risk as much as cholesterol-lowering statin drugs”

 


Eggs in Early Complementary Feeding and Child Growth: A Randomized Controlled Trial – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Eggs Significantly Increase Growth in Young Children – Washington University in St. Louis, via NewsWise (free) AND An egg a day appears to help young children grow taller – BBC Health News (free)

“Surpassing previous research, study finds eggs are more viable nutrition, better intervention for children in developing countries” (from NewsWise)

 


Prebiotic Reduces Body Fat and Alters Intestinal Microbiota in Children With Overweight or Obesity (free PDF)

Commentary: Prebiotics reduce body fat in overweight children – American Gastroenterological Association, via EurekAlert (free)

Small randomized trial (42 patients) suggests prebiotics might be useful for overweight and obese children.

 


The Weight Loss Trap: Why Your Diet Isn’t Working – Time (cover story) (free)

“The challenges of weight loss and obesity – really well addressed” (RT @EricTopol see Tweet)

 


The Worst Fat in the Food Supply – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

See also a recent study and commentaries on the effects of trans-fat bans in our April 23rd issue (see #1)

Trans-fat bans seem to be reducing cardiovascular deaths.

 


Meta-analysis: Mortality from different causes associated with meat, heme iron, nitrates, and nitrites in the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study: population based cohort study – The BMJ (free)

High intakes of red and processed meat are associated with increased risks of all-cause mortality and death due to nine different causes.

 


Randomized controlled trial: Extended and standard duration weight-loss programme referrals for adults in primary care (WRAP): a randomised controlled trial – The Lancet (free)

Invited commentary: Weight management programmes of extended duration – The Lancet (free)

Commentary: Give overweight patients a year of weight-loss classes, say researchers – The Guardian (free)

In this trial with 1,267 overweight or obese participants an extended weight loss program (1 year) was more effective for weight loss and seems cost-effective in the longer term.


Systematic review: Effect of Weight Reduction on Hemoglobin A1c in weight loss trials of Type 2 Diabetes Patients – Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“Each 1kg reduction in weight loss trials associated with 0.1% reduction in HbA1c” (RT @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)

 


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