Nutrition

New Canada’s Dietary Guidelines

23 Jan, 2019 | 01:25h | UTC

Canada’s Dietary Guidelines – Government of Canada (free)

Homepage: Canada’s Food Guide (free resources)

 

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Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems – The Lancet (free articles – registration required)

Summary: EAT-Lancet Commission Brief for Everyone (free)

Commentaries: New Diet Guidelines to Benefit People and the Planet: More Greens for All, Less Meat for Some – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free) AND New ‘planetary health diet’ can save lives and the planet, major review suggests – CNN (free) AND A bit of meat, a lot of veg – the flexitarian diet to feed 10bn – BBC (free)

 

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Carbohydrate quality and human health: a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: High intake of dietary fiber and whole grains associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases – ScienceDaily (free) AND High-fiber diet linked to lower risk of death and chronic diseases – CNN (free) AND Expert reaction to series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses about dietary fibre and the risk of non-communicable disease – Science Media Centre (free)

 

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Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid and late life – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Vitamin and mineral supplementation for preventing cognitive deterioration in cognitively healthy people in mid and late life – Cochrane Library (free)

Commentary: Preventing dementia: do vitamin and mineral supplements have a role? – Evidently Cochrane (free)

 

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U.S. News’ 41 Best Diets Overall

4 Jan, 2019 | 20:14h | UTC

Clinically-assisted nutrition and hydration – British Medical Association (free guideline and other resources)

Commentary: Decisions about clinically-assisted nutrition and hydration: guiding doctors, helping patients – The BMJ Opinion (free)

“just because we can keep someone alive indefinitely, should we?”

 


Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Micronutrient Supplementation – Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (free)

Commentary: Dietary Supplements Don’t Prevent Chronic Disease – Medscape (free registration required)

“The routine and indiscriminate use of micronutrient supplements for the prevention of chronic disease is not recommended”

 


Review: Food Allergy and Anaphylaxis

3 Dec, 2018 | 11:39h | UTC

2018 Global Nutrition Report

2 Dec, 2018 | 23:25h | UTC

Editorial: We Need to Talk About Meat

2 Dec, 2018 | 23:03h | UTC

Dietary fat: From foe to friend?

20 Nov, 2018 | 15:18h | UTC

Review: A Time to Fast

16 Nov, 2018 | 03:29h | UTC

A time to fast – Science (free for a limited period) (via @EricTopol)

 


Early enteral nutrition within 24 hours of lower gastrointestinal surgery versus later commencement for length of hospital stay and postoperative complications – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: The effect of having nutrition within the first 24 hours after bowel surgery on length of hospital stay and postoperative complications – Cochrane Library (free)

This review suggests that early enteral feeding is associated with a shorter length of hospital stay. For all other outcomes (postoperative complications, mortality, adverse events, and QoL) the findings are inconclusive.

 


Perspective: The Problem with Probiotics

26 Oct, 2018 | 02:08h | UTC

The Problem With Probiotics – The New York Times (free)

Related: Probiotic Safety—No Guarantees (free perspective)

“There are potential harms as well as benefits, and a lot of wishful thinking and imprecision in the marketing of products containing them.”

 


Organic Foods for Cancer Prevention??

26 Oct, 2018 | 02:04h | UTC

Energy-Dense versus Routine Enteral Nutrition in the Critically Ill – New England Journal of Medicine (free for a limited period)

Energy-dense formulation for enteral delivery of nutrition was not associated with better outcomes.

 


Podcast: Nutrition Pearls

16 Oct, 2018 | 23:33h | UTC

Dietary modifications for infantile colic – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Diet changes for infant colic – Cochrane Library (free)

“Based on available evidence, we are unable to recommend any intervention”

 


Modifying the consistency of food and fluids for swallowing difficulties in dementia – Cochrane Library (free for a limited period)

Summary: Modifying the consistency of food and fluids for swallowing difficulties in dementia (free)

“We are uncertain about the immediate and long-term effects of modifying the consistency of fluid for swallowing difficulties in dementia”

 


Healthy dietary indices and risk of depressive outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies – Molecular Psychiatry (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Plant-rich diets may help prevent depression – new evidence – The Conversation (free) AND Eating a Mediterranean diet ‘may lower your risk of depression’ – NHS Choices (free) AND Expert reaction to observational studies on diet and depression – Science Media Centre (free) AND Mediterranean diet could prevent depression, new study finds – CNN (free)

“The current evidence is not sufficient to prove plant-rich diets can prevent depression as most of the evidence so far simply shows that those with poorer mental health eat worse, so it may be that those more prone to depression also choose less health” (from CNN)

 


Association between maternal gluten intake and type 1 diabetes in offspring: national prospective cohort study in Denmark – The BMJ (free)

Editorial: Dietary gluten and type 1 diabetes (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Expert reaction to research on high gluten intake during pregnancy and type 1 diabetes in children – Science Media Centre (free) AND Higher Gluten Intake in Pregnancy Tied to Increased Diabetes Risk in Offspring – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND High gluten intake during pregnancy associated with diabetes – OnMedica (free)’

“As such these results, whilst well executed and very interesting, would need to be confirmed within independent similarly sized or bigger studies as stated by the authors themselves.” (from Science Media Centre)

 


Association of dairy intake with cardiovascular disease and mortality in 21 countries from five continents (PURE): a prospective cohort study – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: The Lancet: Dairy consumption linked to lower rates of cardiovascular disease and mortality – EurekAlert (free) AND Dairy food in moderation ‘may protect the heart’ – The Guardian (free) AND Is Whole-Fat Dairy Good for the Heart? – New York Times (free)

Related: Meta-Analysis: Cheese consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease (link to abstract and commentaries) AND Milk and dairy consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality (free study and commentaries)

“It is not the ultimate seal of approval for recommending whole-fat dairy over its low-fat or skimmed counterparts. Readers should be cautious, and treat this study only as yet another piece of the evidence (albeit a large one) in the literature.”

 


Guideline: Intestinal Failure in Adults

31 Aug, 2018 | 01:41h | UTC

Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – The Lancet (free)

Commentaries: No level of alcohol consumption improves health – The Lancet (free) AND No amount of alcohol is good for your overall health, global study says – CNN (free) AND New scientific study: no safe level of alcohol – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

“Alcohol was responsible for nearly 3 million deaths in 2016, the study says. It was the leading risk factor for disease and premature death in men and women between the ages of 15 and 49 worldwide in 2016, accounting for nearly one in 10 deaths.” (from @cnni see Tweet)

 


The Challenge of Reforming Nutritional Epidemiologic Research – JAMA (free for a limited period)

“…the emerging picture of nutritional epidemiology is difficult to reconcile with good scientific principles. The field needs radical reform.”

 


ESPGHAN/ESPEN/ESPR guidelines on pediatric parenteral nutrition – Clinical Nutrition:

Complications

Energy

Iron and trace minerals

Calcium, phosphorus and magnesium

Amino acids

Carbohydrates

Lipids

Venous access

 


Review: The Brain-Gut-Microbiome Axis

26 Jul, 2018 | 17:41h | UTC

The right diet can boost potency of cancer drugs – Nature News (free)

Original article: Suppression of insulin feedback enhances the efficacy of PI3K inhibitors – Nature (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related: Top oncologist to study effect of diet on cancer drugs – The Guardian (free)

“Diets appear to matter in mouse cancer Rx – can these preclinical findings be translated to humans?” (via @Aiims1742 see Tweet)

 


Seriously, Juice Is Not Healthy – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“Would you take a multivitamin if it contained 10 teaspoons of sugar? No. Then why are you drinking juice?” (via @NYTHealth see Tweet)

 


This Mediterranean diet study was hugely impactful. The science just fell apart – VOX (free)

See Related Retraction and Republication: PREDIMED Study on Mediterranean Diet (free article and commentaries)

 


The association between food insecurity and incident type 2 diabetes in Canada: A population-based cohort study – PLOS One (free)

Commentary: Food insecurity linked to type 2 diabetes risk – Reuters (free)

“Canadians who cannot afford to eat regularly or to eat a healthy diet have more than double the average risk of developing type 2 diabetes” (from Reuters)

 


Review: Caffeine and Arrhythmias

16 May, 2018 | 00:45h | UTC

Call for public comments on the draft WHO Guidelines: Saturated fatty acid and trans-fatty intake for adults and children – World Health Organization (free)

Commentaries: Eat less saturated, trans fats to curb heart disease: WHO – Reuters (free) AND Eat Less Saturated and Trans Fats, World Health Organization Says – Consumer Reports (free) AND ‘Bad’ fats targeted in new global health guidelines – UN News (free)

“Adults and children should consume a maximum of 10 percent of their daily calories in the form of saturated fat such as meat and butter and one percent from trans fats to reduce the risk of heart disease, the World Health Organization said on Friday” (from Reuters)

 


Report: Using dietary intake modelling to achieve population salt reduction – A guide to developing a country-specific salt reduction model (2018) – WHO Europe (free PDF)

“The Salt Reduction Model is a 5-step plan to help countries achieve a 30% reduction in population salt intake. Reducing salt consumption will help prevent and control noncommunicable diseases such as heart disease and stroke” (via @WHO_Europe see Tweet)