Open access

NEWS - Nutrition

This Mediterranean diet study was hugely impactful. The science just fell apart – VOX (free)

See Related Retraction and Republication: PREDIMED Study on Mediterranean Diet (free article and commentaries)


The association between food insecurity and incident type 2 diabetes in Canada: A population-based cohort study – PLOS One (free)

Commentary: Food insecurity linked to type 2 diabetes risk – Reuters (free)

“Canadians who cannot afford to eat regularly or to eat a healthy diet have more than double the average risk of developing type 2 diabetes” (from Reuters)


Call for public comments on the draft WHO Guidelines: Saturated fatty acid and trans-fatty intake for adults and children – World Health Organization (free)

Commentaries: Eat less saturated, trans fats to curb heart disease: WHO – Reuters (free) AND Eat Less Saturated and Trans Fats, World Health Organization Says – Consumer Reports (free) AND ‘Bad’ fats targeted in new global health guidelines – UN News (free)

“Adults and children should consume a maximum of 10 percent of their daily calories in the form of saturated fat such as meat and butter and one percent from trans fats to reduce the risk of heart disease, the World Health Organization said on Friday” (from Reuters)


Report: Using dietary intake modelling to achieve population salt reduction – A guide to developing a country-specific salt reduction model (2018) – WHO Europe (free PDF)

“The Salt Reduction Model is a 5-step plan to help countries achieve a 30% reduction in population salt intake. Reducing salt consumption will help prevent and control noncommunicable diseases such as heart disease and stroke” (via @WHO_Europe see Tweet)


Editorial: Mushrooms: coming soon to a burger near you – Nature News (free)

“Mushroom–beef blends can tackle expanding waistlines and carbon footprints”.


The dark truth about chocolate – The Guardian (free)

Related: Dark chocolate is now a health food. Here’s how that happened – VOX (free)

“Grand health claims have been made about chocolate, but while it gives us pleasure, can it really be good for us?”


What We Know (and Don’t Know) About How to Lose Weight – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“One conclusion from a much-discussed study: The best diet is the one you can stick to”.


Effect of dietary carbohydrate restriction on glycemic control in adults with diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“Carbohydrate-restricted diets, associated with reductions in HbA1c of around 0.4% in short term” (via @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)


Associations of Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplement Use With Cardiovascular Disease Risks: Meta-analysis of 10 Trials Involving 77 917 Individuals – JAMA Cardiology (free)

Commentary: Omega-3 Supplements Don’t Protect Against Heart Disease – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

Omega-3 fatty acids did not prevent fatal or nonfatal coronary heart disease or any major vascular events.


Big Data Comes to Dieting – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)


Point-of-use fortification of foods with micronutrient powders containing iron in children of preschool and school-age – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text)

“Powdered vitamins and minerals added to foods at the point-of-use reduces anaemia and iron deficiency in preschool- and school-age children”.


Health Effects and Public Health Concerns of Energy Drink Consumption in the United States: A Mini-Review – Frontiers in Public Health (free)

Commentaries: Serious health risks associated with energy drinks – ScienceDaily (free)

“To curb this growing public health issue, policy makers should regulate sales and marketing towards children and adolescents and set upper limits on caffeine” (from ScienceDaily)


Circulating vitamin D concentration and risk of seven cancers: Mendelian randomisation study – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Vitamin D level not associated with cancer risk – Clinical Adviser (free)

“These results, in combination with previous literature, provide evidence that population-wide screening for vitamin D deficiency and subsequent widespread vitamin D supplementation should not currently be recommended as a strategy for primary cancer prevention”.


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