Free Online Course: Bacteria and Chronic Infections

21Aug
2017

Free Online Course: Tropical Parasitology: Protozoans, Worms, Vectors and Human Diseases

21Aug
2017

Study: probiotics can prevent sepsis in newborns

17Aug
2017

The global burden of tuberculosis mortality in children

17Aug
2017

Recommendations for HIV Screening of Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men

17Aug
2017

Recommendations for HIV Screening of Gay, Bisexual, and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men — United States, 2017 – CDC, MMWR (free)

@CDC_HIVAIDS recommends men who have sex with men be tested for HIV at least annually”. (RT @CDCMMWR see Tweet)

 

A National Implementation Project to Prevent Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection in Nursing Home Residents

17Aug
2017

New 8-Week Treatment Approved for All Hepatitis C Genotypes

17Aug
2017

New 8-Week Treatment Approved for All Hepatitis C Genotypes – Physician’s First Watch (free)

See also: FDA News Release

Standard treatment length was previously 12 weeks or more.

 

Fight Back Against Mosquitos

16Aug
2017

The Fight Against Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Might Start With Vaccines

16Aug
2017

Antibiotic susceptibility testing in less than 30 min

16Aug
2017

Syphilis in the ED: Presentations, Diagnosis, and Management of the Great Imitator

16Aug
2017

An Automated, Pharmacist-Driven Initiative Improves Quality of Care for Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia

16Aug
2017

Cholera count reaches 500 000 in Yemen

15Aug
2017

Foot care for people with diabetes: prevention of complications and treatment

15Aug
2017

Sepsis in the burn patient

15Aug
2017

Unexpected Drawbacks of Rapid Malaria Tests

15Aug
2017

Vaginal Cleansing Before Cesarean Delivery: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

15Aug
2017

Management of urinary tract infections in patients with neurogenic bladder

15Aug
2017

Antimicrobial resistance in Neisseria gonorrhoeae

15Aug
2017

Neurologic Complications Associated With the Zika Virus

15Aug
2017

Once-Daily, Single-Tablet Regimen Suppressed HIV

14Aug
2017

Review: Lyme Disease: Emergency Department Considerations

11Aug
2017

Impact of Vitamin A and Carotenoids on the Risk of Tuberculosis Progression

11Aug
2017

The Global HIV/AIDS Epidemic

11Aug
2017

Procalcitonin: a promising diagnostic marker for sepsis and antibiotic therapy

11Aug
2017

Procalcitonin: a promising diagnostic marker for sepsis and antibiotic therapy – Journal of Intensive Care (free)

“it is unlikely that a single biomarker serve as an effective diagnosis tool”

 

Seasonal influenza: managing cases in critical care units

11Aug
2017

On-demand pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV

10Aug
2017

Efficacy, safety, and effect on sexual behaviour of on-demand pre-exposure prophylaxis for HIV in men who have sex with men: an observational cohort study – The Lancet HIV (free registration required)

Commentaries: PrEP on demand or every day? – The Lancet HIV (free registration required) AND HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis can be taken as needed – Reuters (free)

“four doses of PrEP around the time of sexual activity cut the risk of HIV by 97 percent” (from Reuters Health)

 

Antibiotic prophylaxis is not indicated prior to dental procedures for prevention of periprosthetic joint infections

10Aug
2017

Implementation of an Antimicrobial Stewardship Program in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

10Aug
2017

How long should I take antibiotics?

9Aug
2017

Treatment for Hepatitis C Virus by Community-Based Nonspecialist Providers

9Aug
2017

Prognostic Factors for Treatment Failure in Acute Otitis Media

9Aug
2017

Prognostic Factors for Treatment Failure in Acute Otitis Media – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Features predicting treatment failure in acute otitis media – 2 Minute Medicine (free) AND Study IDs Children With AOM Who Benefit From Antibiotics – Medscape (free registration required)

“Children with severe bulging of the tympanic membrane seem to benefit most from antimicrobial treatment of AOM”

 

Severe infections and subsequent delayed cardiovascular disease

9Aug
2017

Fever in under 5s: assessment and initial management

9Aug
2017

Tuberculosis in children

9Aug
2017

The Global Burden of Neglected Tropical Diseases

9Aug
2017

Raw milk and cheese cause 840 times more illnesses than pasteurized products

7Aug
2017

Free Online Course: Global Health at the Human-Animal-Ecosystem Interface

7Aug
2017

The yellow fever outbreak in Brazil appears to have ended, health officials say

5Aug
2017

Oral fluoroquinolones and risk of secondary pseudotumor cerebri syndrome

3Aug
2017

The global crackdown on parents who refuse vaccines for their kids has begun

3Aug
2017

The global crackdown on parents who refuse vaccines for their kids has begun – VOX (free)

See more on mandatory vaccination in our May 29th (see #6) and July 12th (see #5) issues.

“Countries like Italy and Australia are tired of measles outbreaks — so they’re moving to fine anti-vaccine parents”.

 

HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis: clinical guidelines

3Aug
2017

Benefits and Harms of Treatment of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria

3Aug
2017

Benefits and Harms of Treatment of Asymptomatic Bacteriuria: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis by the European Association of Urology Urological Infection Guidelines Panel (free)

“For most people, treatment was not beneficial and may be harmful. Antibiotic treatment did appear to benefit women in pregnancy and those about to undergo urological surgery”.

 

Guidelines for Drinking-Water Quality – World Health Organization

3Aug
2017

Brazilian guidelines for the clinical management of paracoccidioidomycosis

3Aug
2017

European consensus conference on faecal microbiota transplantation in clinical practice

3Aug
2017

New Series from the Lancet journals: Fungal Infections

1Aug
2017

New Series from the Lancet journals: Fungal Infections – Lancet Infectious Diseases (RT @Onisillos see Tweet)

Comment: Recovery from serious fungal infections should be realisable for everyone (free registration required)

– Fungal infections in HIV/AIDS (free registration required)

– Candida and invasive mould diseases in non-neutropenic critically ill patients and patients with haematological cancer (free registration required)

– Emerging issues, challenges, and changing epidemiology of fungal disease outbreaks (free registration required)

– Pulmonary and sinus fungal diseases in non-immunocompromised patients (free registration required)

– Improvement of fungal disease identification and management: combined health systems and public health approaches (free registration required)

– The global problem of antifungal resistance: prevalence, mechanisms, and management (free registration required)

– Immunotherapeutic approaches to treatment of fungal diseases (free registration required)

– Neglected endemic mycoses (free registration required)

“This Series of eight reports brings readers up to date on fungal infections and addresses how fungal infection management can be integrated into health systems in low-income and middle-income countries”

 

Guideline: Intrapartum Management of Intraamniotic Infection

1Aug
2017

Only Six Nations Have Evaluated Readiness for Global Pandemic

1Aug
2017

Vaccines are part of the solution to the emerging crisis of antibiotic resistance

1Aug
2017

Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection: An Updated Network Meta-analysis

1Aug
2017

Efficacy of corticosteroid treatment for severe community-acquired pneumonia: A meta-analysis

1Aug
2017

Efficacy of corticosteroid treatment for severe community-acquired pneumonia: A meta-analysis – American Journal of Emergency Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Source: More Evidence That Steroids Are Beneficial in Community-Acquired Pneumonia – Journal Watch ($)

In this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia, corticosteroid treatment was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality and length of hospital stay.

 

Diagnostic Stewardship – Leveraging the Laboratory to Improve Antimicrobial Use

1Aug
2017

Diagnostic Stewardship – Leveraging the Laboratory to Improve Antimicrobial Use – JAMA (free)

“This Viewpoint discusses the potential benefits and harms of diagnostic stewardship – modifying the ordering, performance, and reporting of diagnostic tests to improve antimicrobial use”

 

Antibiotic Use in the United States, 2017: Progress and Opportunities

1Aug
2017

Report: Antibiotic Use in the United States, 2017: Progress and Opportunities – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (free)

Commentary: CDC antibiotics report calls for all-out stewardship efforts – CIDRAP (free)

“CDC report: antibiotic stewardship protects patients, saves $, slows antibiotic resistance” (RT @IDSAInfo see Tweet)

 

A ‘perfect storm’ superbug: How an invasive fungus got health officials’ attention

1Aug
2017

A Dangerous, “Silent Reservoir” For Gonorrhea: The Throat

1Aug
2017

A Dangerous, “Silent Reservoir” For Gonorrhea: The Throat – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

See related WHO report on the rising of “Untreatable Gonorrhea” in our July 10th issue (see #1)

“Drug-resistant gonorrhea is increasing. Now scientists say the epidemic is being driven by oral sex”. (RT @NYTHealth see Tweet)

 

Highlights from the latest International AIDS Society meeting

1Aug
2017

Really Rapid Review: Paris IAS 2017 – HIV and ID Observations in Journal Watch Blogs (free) (RT @CarlosdelRio7 see Tweet)

Highlights from the latest International AIDS Society meeting.

 

World Hepatitis Day (28 July 2017) – World Health Organization Campaign

1Aug
2017

Tenofovir reduces mother-to-child hepatitis B transmission

1Aug
2017

Why you really should take your full course of antibiotics

1Aug
2017

Interventions for the prevention of recurrent erysipelas and cellulitis

1Aug
2017

Progress in the Diagnosis of Invasive Fungal Disease in Children

1Aug
2017

Effectiveness of Tympanostomy Tubes for Otitis Media: A Meta-analysis

28Jul
2017

Effectiveness of Tympanostomy Tubes for Otitis Media: A Meta-analysis – Pediatrics (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Weigh Risks/Benefits of Tympanostomy Tubes: Researchers – Medscape (free registration required)

Source: EvidenceAlerts (free resource to find articles of interest)

“Tympanostomy tubes improve hearing at 1 to 3 months compared with watchful waiting, with no evidence of benefit by 12 to 24 months”

 

Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis After Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement

27Jul
2017

Prosthetic Valve Endocarditis After Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement – Circulation (free)

Commentary: Fewer infections in mechanical heart valves – Karolinska Institutet (free)

In this large cohort with follow-up time of up to 18 years, the risk of endocarditis was about 50 per cent higher with a biological prosthesis than with a mechanical prosthesis.

 

 

An Update on Zika Virus in Asia

27Jul
2017

Ivermectin – Old Drug, New Tricks?

27Jul
2017

WHO MERS-CoV Global Summary and Assessment of Risk

27Jul
2017

Guidance for Health Care Providers Caring for Pregnant Women with Possible Zika Virus Exposure

27Jul
2017

WHO Consolidated Guideline on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights of Women Living with HIV

27Jul
2017

“The antibiotic course has had its day”

27Jul
2017

Analysis: The antibiotic course has had its day – The BMJ (free)

Commentaries: Some Doctors Now Say to Stop Antibiotics When You Feel Better – TIME (free) AND Rule that patients must finish antibiotics course is wrong, study says – The Guardian (free)

“Experts suggest patients should stop taking the drugs when they feel better rather than completing their prescription” (from The Guardian)

 

Norovirus and Clostridium Difficile Outbreaks

25Jul
2017

Experimental HIV Vaccine Regimen Is Well-Tolerated, Elicits Immune Responses

25Jul
2017

Climate services for health: cooperation for climate informed dengue surveillance

25Jul
2017

Climate services for health: predicting the evolution of the 2016 dengue season in Machala, Ecuador – The Lancet Planetary Health (free)

Invited commentary: Climate services for health: cooperation for climate informed dengue surveillance (free)

Commentaries: Scientists Can See Zika Coming by Tracking the Climate – Scientific American (free) AND One step closer to halting the spread of Zika, Dengue, Chikungunya – SUNY Upstate Medical University, via Science Daily (free)

“A mathematical model can serve as a guide to make monthly predictions on when people are at greatest risk for contracting mosquito-borne viruses, such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya, due to climate conditions, scientists report” (from Science Daily)

 

Public Health and Economic Consequences of Vaccine Hesitancy for Measles

25Jul
2017

Public Health and Economic Consequences of Vaccine Hesitancy for Measles in the United States – JAMA Pediatrics (free)

Commentary: Small decline in MMR vaccination rates could have dramatic effect, experts warn – The Guardian (free)

“A 5% drop in measles, mumps and rubella vaccinations could cause a threefold increase of measles cases, costing the public sector millions, US study shows” (from The Guardian)

 

Child Living with HIV Maintains Remission Without Drugs Since 2008

25Jul
2017

High-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccination on hospitalizations

25Jul
2017

New Long-Acting Injectable HIV Therapies

25Jul
2017

WHO implementation tool for pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) of HIV infection

24Jul
2017

Guidelines for the managing advanced HIV disease and rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy

24Jul
2017

Fluoroquinolone restriction to control fluoroquinolone-resistant Clostridium difficile

24Jul
2017

Effects of control interventions on Clostridium difficile infection in England: an observational study – The Lancet Infectious Diseases (free)

Invited Commentary: Fluoroquinolone restriction to control fluoroquinolone-resistant Clostridium difficile (free)

“Very important finding! Restricting fluoroquinolones more important than infection control measures to prevent CDI” (RT @sanjaysaint see Tweet)

 

Free Online Course: Tropical Parasitology: Protozoans, Worms, Vectors and Human Diseases

24Jul
2017

Free Online Course: Bacteria and Chronic Infections

24Jul
2017

Universal antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected children: a review of the benefits and risks to consider during implementation

23Jul
2017

High-Dose Vitamin D Doesn’t Prevent Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children

23Jul
2017

Yemen’s cholera epidemic called ‘worst ever’

23Jul
2017

Vitamin D supplements may reduce the chance of developing a chest infection

22Jul
2017

A focus on treating fever does not improve survival in sepsis

22Jul
2017

Toothpaste ingredient linked to antibiotic resistance

22Jul
2017

Quinolone-resistant gyrase mutants demonstrate decreased susceptibility to triclosan – Journal of Antibiotic Chemotherapy (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Toothpaste ingredient linked to antibiotic resistance – NHS Choices (free) AND Antibiotic resistance linked to common household disinfectant triclosan – University of Birmingham, via Science Daily (free)

“”The worry is that this might happen in reverse and triclosan exposure might encourage growth of antibiotic resistant strains”. (from Science Daily)

 

Secondary Bacterial Infections Associated with Influenza Pandemics

22Jul
2017

Laminar airflow in surgery might not reduce surgical site infections

21Jul
2017

Approach to cytomegalovirus infections in patients with ulcerative colitis

21Jul
2017

Maternal immunisation: collaborating with mother nature

21Jul
2017

Treatment Challenges of Group A Beta-hemolytic Streptococcal Pharyngo-Tonsillitis

21Jul
2017

HPV vaccines – A review of the first decade

21Jul
2017

Tickborne diseases other than Lyme in the United States

21Jul
2017

Complications of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: Bacterial infections

21Jul
2017

Flow cytometry-based diagnosis of primary immunodeficiency diseases

21Jul
2017

Surgical site infections after cesarean delivery: epidemiology, prevention and treatment

21Jul
2017

HIV drug resistance report 2017 – World Health Organization

21Jul
2017

Report: Ending AIDS: Progress Towards the 90-90-90 Target

21Jul
2017
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