Efficacy of Recombinant Influenza Vaccine in Adults 50 Years of Age or Older

26Jun
2017

Efficacy of Recombinant Influenza Vaccine in Adults 50 Years of Age or Older – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“Say bye to egg-grown flu vaccine? Recombinant vaccines are a little more effective & much quicker to adapt” (RT @RichardLehman1 see Tweet and brief commentaries on the study)

 

Adult weight management: guidance for commissioners and providers

26Jun
2017

UK heart disease deaths fall by over 20% since indoor smoking ban

26Jun
2017

Fiscal policies for the prevention of diseases

26Jun
2017

Obesity now kills more people worldwide than car crashes, terror attacks, and Alzheimer’s combined

25Jun
2017

Physical activity, cognitive decline, and risk of dementia

25Jun
2017

Physical activity, cognitive decline, and risk of dementia: 28 year follow-up of Whitehall II cohort study – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Physical Activity Might Not Ward Off Dementia – Physician’s First Watch (free)

Contradicting previous evidence, this study did not show that physical activity has a protective effect against cognitive decline and dementia.

“Physical activity may not have an impact on your chances of being diagnosed with Alzheimer’s but it will reduce a plethora of other risks…” (RT @KarenAl46890767 see Tweet)

 

Women and Heart Disease: New Data Reaffirm Lack of Awareness By Women and Physicians

23Jun
2017

What’s the best way for children to lose weight?

23Jun
2017

Breast Cancer Risk Assessment and Screening in Average-Risk Women

23Jun
2017

Why We Overrate the Lifesaving Power of Cancer Tests

23Jun
2017

Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents

21Jun
2017

New colorectal cancer screening guidelines

20Jun
2017

Reducing Cancer Burden in the Population

20Jun
2017

Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association

19Jun
2017

Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory From the American Heart Association (free PDF)

Invited Commentary: Trimming the Fat on Diet Recommendations for a Healthy Heart: Emphasis on Eating Patterns over Dietary Restrictions (free)

Top Ten Things to Know: Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease: A Presidential Advisory from the American Heart Association (free PDF)

AHA News: Advisory: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat could lower cardiovascular risks (free)

News release: Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat may lower cholesterol as well as drugs in context of a healthy diet (free)

AHA no longer recommends decreasing total fat, but to replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats. “Replacing saturated fat with healthier fat in the diet lowers cardiovascular disease risk as much as cholesterol-lowering statin drugs”

 

Free online course. Starts today! Improving the Health of Women, Children and Adolescents

19Jun
2017

Introducing a One-Page Adult Preventive Health Care Schedule: USPSTF Recommendations at a Glance

5Jun
2017

Introducing a One-Page Adult Preventive Health Care Schedule: USPSTF Recommendations at a Glance – American Family Physician (free PDF)

“The popular one-page preventive health care schedule is now available with the latest USPSTF recs from 2017” (RT @AFPJournal see Tweet)

 

Acting on Social Determinants of Health: A Primer for Family Physicians

2Jun
2017

World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2017

31May
2017

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Screening – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

31May
2017

Preparing for the next WHO Campaign: World No Tobacco Day

29May
2017

Preparing for the next WHO Campaign: World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2017 – World Health Organization (free infographics, posters, banners, publications and other resources for the upcoming campaign)

See also: “Tobacco Endgame” policies in our May 12th issue, see #3.

See also: Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories in our April 7th issue, see #1.

“Wednesday 31 May is World No Tobacco Day. Tweet using #NoTobacco “Protect health, reduce poverty, promote development” (RT @gmacscotland see Tweet)

 

Countries like German and Italy are adopting mandatory vaccination policies

29May
2017

Human papillomavirus vaccines: WHO position paper

25May
2017

Human papillomavirus vaccines: WHO position paper, May 2017 – World Health Organization Weekly epidemiological record (free PDF)

“WHO update on HPV vaccine. Short summary – it’s very safe, very effective, widespread implementation recommended” (RT @michaelgheadsee Tweet)

 

Factors Associated with Pediatric Mortality from Motor Vehicle Crashes

25May
2017

Trans-fat – The Worst Fat in the Food Supply

24May
2017

The Worst Fat in the Food Supply – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

See also a recent study and commentaries on the effects of trans-fat bans in our April 23rd issue (see #1)

Trans-fat bans seem to be reducing cardiovascular deaths.

 

Cancer screening in the United States, 2017

23May
2017

Aerobic or Resistance Exercise, or Both, in Dieting Obese Older Adults

19May
2017

Can Endgame Tobacco radically reduce cigarette smoking?

12May
2017

Can Endgame Tobacco radically reduce cigarette smoking? – Healthy Debate (free) (RT @IrfanDhalla see Tweet)

Related: The tobacco endgame: a qualitative review and synthesis – Tobacco Control (free) AND It’s time to focus on an endgame for tobacco regulation – The Conversation (free)

“The “Tobacco Endgame” concept moves thinking away from the mere control of tobacco towards plans for ending the tobacco pandemic, and foresees a tobacco-free future” (from The Conversation)

 

Screening for Thyroid Cancer: USPSTF Recommendation Statement

10May
2017

Screening for Thyroid Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement – JAMA (free)

Editorial 1: The USPSTF Recommendation on Thyroid Cancer Screening: Don’t “Check Your Neck” (free)

Editorial 2: Cancer Screening, Overdiagnosis, and Regulatory Capture (free)

Editorial 3: How to Look for Thyroid Cancer (free)

Commentaries: No Symptoms, No Thyroid Screening, Says USPSTF – Medscape (free registration required) AND Don’t Screen For Thyroid Cancer, Task Force Says – NPR Health News (free) AND USPSTF Says No to Thyroid Cancer Screening – MedPage Today (free registration required)

The USPSTF recommended against screening for thyroid cancer in asymptomatic adults with “grade D” recommendation (Grade D = “The USPSTF recommends against the service. There is moderate or high certainty that the service has no net benefit or that the harms outweigh the benefits”).

 

Noncommunicable diseases: the slow-motion disaster

9May
2017

USPSTF recommendations: A 2017 roundup

6May
2017

Embrace the facts about vaccines, not the myths – World Health Organization

3May
2017

For Pregnant Women, Getting Serious About Whooping Cough

2May
2017

Tobacco packaging design for reducing tobacco use

28Apr
2017

Systematic review: Tobacco packaging design for reducing tobacco use – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text)

News release: Standardised tobacco packaging: will banning branding cut down smoking? (free)

See also: Standardised cigarette packaging is on its way, but will it reduce smoking? – The Guardian (free)

New evidence finds standardized cigarette packaging may reduce the number of people who smoke.

 

Screening for Preeclampsia – USPSTF Recommendations

26Apr
2017

Guideline: Screening for Preeclampsia: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement – JAMA (free)

Evidence Report and Systematic Review: Preeclampsia Screening (free)

Editorial 1: Early Identification of Pregnant Women at Risk for Preeclampsia (free)

Editorial 2: Screening for Preeclampsia and the USPSTF Recommendations (free)

Editorial 3: Preeclampsia and Hypertension – Courting a Long While: Time to Make It Official (free)

“The USPSTF recommends screening for preeclampsia in all pregnant women with blood pressure measurements throughout pregnancy”

 

Exercise interventions for cognitive function in adults older than 50

26Apr
2017

Meta-analysis: Exercise interventions for cognitive function in adults older than 50: a systematic review with meta-analysis – British Journal of Sports Medicine (free)

Source: Exercise Could Benefit Cognition in Older Adults – Physician’s First Watch (free)

“Physical exercise interventions significantly improved cognitive function in adults older than 50 years, regardless of baseline cognitive status”.

 

World Immunization Week, 24-30 April 2017

25Apr
2017

World Immunization Week, 24-30 April 2017 – World Health Organization (free)

Press release: World Immunization Week 2017 (free)

See also: WHO’s work on immunization (free)

“Increasing immunization globally could save an additional 1.5 million people every year”.

 

Recommendations on hepatitis C screening for adults

25Apr
2017

Frequency of Evidence-Based Screening for Retinopathy in Type 1 Diabetes

21Apr
2017

Frequency of Evidence-Based Screening for Retinopathy in Type 1 Diabetes – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

See also: Researchers Propose Extending Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Interval – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Research from long-term study advocates individualized eye screenings in type 1 diabetes – Diabetes.co.uk (free)

In patients who have had type 1 diabetes for 5 years, annual retinal examinations are currently recommended. Based on their findings, the authors suggest an individualized screening schedule, with less frequent screening for patients at low risk and more frequent screening for patients at higher risk, leading to decreased cost without delaying the diagnosis of clinically significant disease.

 

Association between active commuting and incident cardiovascular disease, cancer, and mortality

21Apr
2017

Beverage consumption taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages

20Apr
2017

Why it’s a bad idea to space out your child’s vaccination shots

19Apr
2017

Why it’s a bad idea to space out your child’s vaccination shots – The Washington Post (a few articles per month are free)

“Splitting immunizations into several visits only increases children’s stress” (RT @IDSAInfo see Tweet)

 

The Breastfeeding-Friendly Pediatric Office Practice

18Apr
2017

The Breastfeeding-Friendly Pediatric Office Practice – American Academy of Pediatrics (free)

Source: AAP: Pediatricians Should Support Breastfeeding Moms – MedPage Today (free registration required)

Recent recommendation from another organization: Breastfeeding: Primary Care Interventions – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (free)

Summary of USPSTF recommendations: Primary Care Interventions to Support Breastfeeding: Recommendation Statement – American Family Physician (free)

The American Academy of Pediatrics and the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force have issued recommendations for promoting and supporting breastfeeding.

 

Amsterdam’s solution to the obesity crisis: no fruit juice and enough sleep

17Apr
2017

Amsterdam’s solution to the obesity crisis: no fruit juice and enough sleep – The Guardian (free) (RT @DrAseemMalhotra see Tweet)

“The city is successfully fighting fat by promoting tap water in its schools, along with healthy cooking classes and a ban on fast food sponsorship”

 

Banning trans fats in New York prevented thousands of heart attacks

13Apr
2017

Prostate Cancer Screening – Conflicting views on the new USPSTF draft recommendations

13Apr
2017

Screening to Prevent Invasive Cervical Cancer Guideline

13Apr
2017

Screening to Prevent Invasive Cervical Cancer: ASCO Resource-Stratified Clinical Practice Guideline (free)

“The ASCO guidelines outline the minimum standards for HPV-based screening for each resource strata; additional and more frequent screening may be added as the resources become available”.

 

Prostate Cancer Screening Draft Recommendations – USPSTF

12Apr
2017

Prostate Cancer Screening Draft Recommendations – U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (free)

Viewpoint: The US Preventive Services Task Force 2017 Draft Recommendation Statement on Screening for Prostate Cancer: An Invitation to Review and Comment – JAMA (free)

See also: Should you get screened for prostate cancer? We break down the latest advice – STAT News (free)

For those aged 55 to 69 it recommends “informed, individualized decision making based on a man’s values and preferences”. According to a useful infographic from the draft recommendations, the benefits are likely small. For every 1000 men offered PSA based screening over a period of 10-15 years, the test would avoid cancer spreading in 3 men and death from prostate cancer in 1-2 men, with the undesired consequences of false positives and subsequent procedures in many patients.

 

Smoking causes one in ten deaths globally, major new study reveals

7Apr
2017

Nearly a third of tests and treatments are unnecessary

6Apr
2017

Nearly a third of tests and treatments are unnecessary – CMAJ News (free) (RT @ChooseWiselyCA)

Press release: Canadians have more than 1 million potentially unnecessary medical tests and treatments every year – Canadian Institute for Health Information (free) 

See report: Unnecessary Care in Canada (free PDF)

Growing problem in many countries, making resources less available for treatments and conditions that matter.

 

Pertussis shot in pregnant moms protects newborns

6Apr
2017

Can low-dose aspirin can reduce risk of death from cancer?

6Apr
2017

To Screen or not to Screen?

4Apr
2017

An Introduction to Population Health

4Apr
2017

Building Next Generation Immunization Supply Chains

3Apr
2017

Building Next Generation Immunization Supply Chains – Vaccine Supplement (free)

News release: Global Immunization Impact Constrained by Outdated Vaccine Delivery Systems, Researchers Say – World Health Organization(free)

See also: Battling Infectious Diseases in the 20th Century: The Impact of Vaccines (free – classic 2015 page with interesting infographics) (RT @stefaniei)

This 29 open access articles are part of a special supplement published in Vaccine to address the challenges of Immunization Supply Chains.

 

Return on investment of public health interventions

3Apr
2017

Return on investment of public health interventions: a systematic review – Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (free)

Source: BMJ News ($)

“For every £1 invested in public health, £14 will subsequently be returned to the wider health and social care economy”. Based on the findings, the authors suggest that cuts to public health services are short sighted and represent a false economy, with substantial opportunity costs.

 

Approach to preventive care in the elderly

31Mar
2017

100 Objects That Shaped Public Health

30Mar
2017

100 Objects That Shaped Public Health: From the Obscure to the Everyday, These Objects Tell the Story – Global Health NOW (free)

Very interesting compilation with 100 objects that have made their mark on public health (for better or worse).

 

Screening for Celiac Disease

29Mar
2017

Alcohol and cardiovascular disease

27Mar
2017

Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development

27Mar
2017

Maternal multiple micronutrient supplementation and other biomedical and socioenvironmental influences on children’s cognition at age 9–12 years in Indonesia: follow-up of the SUMMIT randomised trial – The Lancet Global Health (free)

Related commentary: Prenatal nutrition, socioenvironmental conditions, and child development (free)

“Maternal MMN had long-term benefits for child cognitive development at 9–12 years of age, thereby supporting its role in early childhood development, and policy change toward MMN”. The related commentary above does not seem to agree with this statement from the authors, stating that the new evidence does not provide enough weight for a policy change from prenatal iron and folate to MMN supplementation.

 

Efficacy of Heat-Stable Oral Rotavirus Vaccine

23Mar
2017

Adoption of tobacco control policies and reduction in smoking prevalence

23Mar
2017
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