Global & Public Health

Perspective: Why Are Mothers Still Passing Syphilis to Their Babies? – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Related: A Rising Threat to Pregnant Women: Syphilis – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

 


The Topol Review: Preparing the healthcare workforce to deliver the digital future – NHS Health Education England (free report and related resources)

 

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Primary cervical screening with high risk human papillomavirus testing: observational study – The BMJ (free)

Commentaries: HPV cervical screening test switch ‘effective’, says pilot study – Cancer Research UK (free) AND Cervical screening intervals could be safely extended to at least five years – Pulse (free)

Related: USPSTF Statement: Screening for Cervical Cancer (free guidance and commentaries) AND Study: Little Benefit in Screening Women Aged 55 with a Negative HPV DNA test (link to abstract and commentaries) AND Randomized Trial: Cervical Cancer Screening with Cervical HPV Testing vs Cytology Testing (link to abstract and commentaries)

“The lower incidence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 or worse and cervical cancer at present screening intervals would strongly support the safety of extending the intervals to at least five years without increasing the risk of potentially life-threatening disease.”

 


Health systems respond to noncommunicable diseases: time for ambition (2018) – World Health Organization Europe (free PDF)

 

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2019 ACIP Adult Immunization Schedule

5 Feb, 2019 | 00:39h | UTC

Measuring the Value of Health

4 Feb, 2019 | 22:36h | UTC

Measuring the value of health – Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (free)

 

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Solutions for non-communicable disease prevention and control – The BMJ (free articles)

 

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A.I. Could Worsen Health Disparities – The New York Times (free)

“In a health system riddled with inequity, we risk making dangerous biases automated and invisible.”

 


Ocular Prophylaxis for Gonococcal Ophthalmia Neonatorum: US Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement – JAMA (free)

“The USPSTF recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. (A recommendation)”

 


A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Replacement Therapy – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Editorial: The Dangerous Flavors of E-Cigarettes (free)

Commentaries: E-cigarettes more effective than nicotine replacement therapies, finds major trial – Queen Mary University of London (free) AND UK study shows e-cigarettes help adult smokers quit, but US experts urge caution – CNN (free) AND E-Cigarettes Are Effective at Helping Smokers Quit, a Study Says – The New York times (10 articles per month are free) AND E-cigarettes ‘much better for quitting smoking’ – BBC (free) AND Study Found Vaping Beat Traditional Smoking-Cessation Options – NPR (free)

 

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The Global Syndemic of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Climate Change: The Lancet Commission report (free registration required)

Commentaries: Take on food industry to beat malnutrition and obesity, says report – The Guardian (free) AND Want to fix obesity and climate change at the same time? Make Big Food companies pay. – VOX (free) AND To fix climate change, fix the obesity and starvation epidemics, reports say – CNN (free)

 

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The BMJ Special Collection: Innovating for neglected diseases in South Asia (free articles)

 

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10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2019

24 Jan, 2019 | 00:02h | UTC

New Canada’s Dietary Guidelines

23 Jan, 2019 | 01:25h | UTC

Canada’s Dietary Guidelines – Government of Canada (free)

Homepage: Canada’s Food Guide (free resources)

 

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BJS Special Issue on Global Surgery

19 Jan, 2019 | 18:13h | UTC

BJS Special Issue on Global Surgery (supplement with free articles)

Homepage

 

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Selected articles from the supplement:

– Global surgery in an ecosystem for worldwide health

– Ethical considerations in global surgery

– Implementation science and innovation in global surgery

– A realized vision of access to safe, affordable surgical and anaesthesia care

– Training and accrediting international surgeons

– Disseminating technology in global surgery

– Global surgery and the sustainable development goals

– Systematic review of the use of big data to improve surgery in low‐ and middle‐income countries

– Pooled analysis of WHO Surgical Safety Checklist use and mortality after emergency laparotomy

 


Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems – The Lancet (free articles – registration required)

Summary: EAT-Lancet Commission Brief for Everyone (free)

Commentaries: New Diet Guidelines to Benefit People and the Planet: More Greens for All, Less Meat for Some – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free) AND New ‘planetary health diet’ can save lives and the planet, major review suggests – CNN (free) AND A bit of meat, a lot of veg – the flexitarian diet to feed 10bn – BBC (free)

 

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ACOG Guideline: Prepregnancy Counseling

18 Jan, 2019 | 01:00h | UTC

Ebola Has Gotten So Bad, It’s Normal

18 Jan, 2019 | 00:58h | UTC

Accelerating the elimination of viral hepatitis – Commissions from the Lancet journals (free articles – registration required)

 

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Cancer Statistics, 2019

10 Jan, 2019 | 18:57h | UTC

Effect of a Biobehavioral Environmental Approach on Disability Among Low-Income Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Home Modifications to Reduce Disability in Older Adults With Functional Disability – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

 

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Comparison of Nicotine and Toxicant Exposure in Users of Electronic Cigarettes and Combustible Cigarettes – JAMA Network Open (free)

Commentaries: Will the Debate Over e-Cigarettes Start Cooling Down? – JAMA Network Open (free) AND E-cigarettes less toxic to users than cigarettes, study says – CNN (free)

 

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Global, Regional, and Country-Specific Lifetime Risks of Stroke, 1990 and 2016 – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Commentaries: New study reveals ‘startling’ risk of stroke – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free) AND 1 in 4 globally will have a stroke at age 25 or older, according to new study – CNN (free)

 

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Review: Chikungunya Virus

3 Jan, 2019 | 11:17h | UTC

Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America: 2018 Update on Diagnosis, Treatment, Chemoprophylaxis, and Institutional Outbreak Management of Seasonal Influenza – Clinical Infectious Diseases (free)

News Release: Flu is Serious for Pregnant Women and Others at High Risk: Testing and Treatment are Key, Say IDSA Guidelines (free)

 

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WHO Report: Health and Climate Change

13 Dec, 2018 | 19:50h | UTC

WHO: Why the HIV Epidemic is Not Over

4 Dec, 2018 | 00:04h | UTC

2018 Global Nutrition Report

2 Dec, 2018 | 23:25h | UTC

Global Atlas of Cardiovascular Disease

2 Dec, 2018 | 23:24h | UTC

Editorial: We Need to Talk About Meat

2 Dec, 2018 | 23:03h | UTC

WHO Housing and Health Guidelines

30 Nov, 2018 | 02:45h | UTC

Global, regional, and national burden of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – The Lancet Neurology (free)

Invited Commentary: Statistics on the burden of dementia: need for stronger data – The Lancet (free)

“In 2016, globally, 43·8 million individuals lived with dementia, increased from 20.2 million in 1990; dementia was the fifth leading cause of death globally (2·4 million) and more women than men had dementia” (via @TheLancet see Tweet with infographic)

 


Investigation: The Implant Files

30 Nov, 2018 | 02:01h | UTC

The Global Burden of Tuberculosis Study

23 Nov, 2018 | 00:23h | UTC

Report: 2018 Access to Medicine Index

22 Nov, 2018 | 21:54h | UTC

WHO World Malaria Report 2018

20 Nov, 2018 | 15:46h | UTC

Top 8 Healthcare Predictions for 2019

16 Nov, 2018 | 02:19h | UTC

Global Burden of Disease Study 2017

16 Nov, 2018 | 01:33h | UTC

Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 – The Lancet (8 free articles)

See also: Infographics with GBD 2017 Study Highlights – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (all free) AND Updated GBD Compare Visualization Tool – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free resource)

“All eight Global Burden of Disease 2017 papers providing 38 billion estimates of 359 diseases & injuries & 84 risk factors in 195 countries & territories” (via @TheLancet see Tweet)

 


WHO Guide: Basic Emergency Care

9 Nov, 2018 | 02:44h | UTC

E-cigarette Use and Subsequent Smoking Frequency Among Adolescents – Pediatrics (free)

Commentary: E-cigarette users have greater odds of subsequent cigarette use – 2 Minute Medicine (free)

“Among adolescent never smokers, electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) users had approximately 4-fold greater odds of initiating cigarette use at follow-up 2-3 years later.” (from 2 Minute Medicine)

 


The fight against non-communicable disease in emerging economies – Nature (free)

“Health-care providers in low- and middle-income countries are shifting their focus away from infections, and towards the bigger problems of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.”

 


The troubling epidemic of unnecessary C-sections around the world, explained – VOX (free)

Related WHO Recommendations: Non-Clinical Interventions to Reduce Unnecessary Cesarean Sections (free guideline and commentaries)

Related The Lancet Series: Optimising Cesarean Section Use (free articles)

Related Cochrane Review: Non‐Clinical Interventions for Reducing Unnecessary Caesarean Section (free review and summary)

“The C-section rate has doubled in less than a generation, from 12 percent of all births in 2000 to 21 percent in 2015.”