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NEWS - Global & Public Health

Helping patients choose wisely – The BMJ (free)

Related: The Choosing Wisely initiative was launched 5 years ago, and now has over 490 recommendations from 18 countries (free)

See complete lists from: Choosing Wisely U.S., Choosing Wisely UKChoosing Wisely Australia AND Choosing Wisely Canada

“One of the main barriers to tackling the problem of overuse is that doctors are concerned patients will find it difficult to accept fewer interventions. However, informed patients often opt for less intervention, not more.” (via @bmj_latest see Tweet)

 


E-cigarettes, Juuls and Heat-Not-Burn Devices: The Science and Regulation of Vaping – Hopkins Bloomberg Public Health Magazine (free)

E-cigarettes can help some people quit smoking but may entice others to start. So how should they be regulated?

 


The flu vaccine is being oversold – it’s not that effective – The Conversation (free)

See Related Cochrane Systematic Reviews: Vaccines for Preventing Influenza and Its Complications (free)

“The infection rate in adults drops from 2% per year to 1%. You could say that’s halved, but it effectively only drops by 1%. So this means that out of every 100 healthy adults vaccinated, 99 get no benefit against laboratory confirmed influenza”.

 


Mental Health ATLAS 2017 – World Health Organization (free PDF)

News Release: Mental health: massive scale-up of resources needed if global targets are to be met (free)

See also: WHO Campaign on Mental Health (free resources)

“Every US$ 1 invested in scaling up treatment for common mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety leads to a return of US$ 4 in better health and ability to work” (via @WHO see Tweet)

 


Tracing Spread of Zika Virus in the Americas – NIH Director’s Blog (free)

Original Article: Genomic Epidemiology Reconstructs the Introduction and Spread of Zika Virus in Central America and Mexico – Cell Host & Microbe (free)

 


How is the world doing in its fight against vaccine preventable diseases? – Our World in Data (free)

“Vaccines are amazing: the number of child deaths caused by diseases for which vaccines are available fell by over 2/3 in 25 years. 3.6 million(!) fewer kids under the age of 5 died from these diseases in 2015 than in 1990” (via @DinaPomeranz see Tweet)

 


It’s time to rethink how much booze may be too much – VOX (free)

Related Meta-Analysis: Risk Thresholds for Alcohol Consumption (free article, editorial and commentaries)

 


The association between food insecurity and incident type 2 diabetes in Canada: A population-based cohort study – PLOS One (free)

Commentary: Food insecurity linked to type 2 diabetes risk – Reuters (free)

“Canadians who cannot afford to eat regularly or to eat a healthy diet have more than double the average risk of developing type 2 diabetes” (from Reuters)

 


QALYs in 2018—Advantages and Concerns – JAMA (free for a limited period)

 


E-cigarettes: A win or loss for public health? – Knowable Magazine (free)

Related Perspective: The Promise of Vaping and the Rise of Juul – The New Yorker (free)

See also: related guidelines, reports and commentaries on e-cigarettes (all free)

“Arguments over whether e-cigarettes are harmful or helpful seem gridlocked as emerging research underscores both the toxicity of vaping and its possible benefits”. (via @ghn_news see Tweet)

 


Saving lives, spending less: a strategic response to noncommunicable diseases – World Health Organization (free PDF)

News Release: Investing in noncommunicable disease control generates major financial and health gains – World Health Organization (free)

“For every US$1 invested in each policy area, the following returns have been documented:

US$12.82 from promoting healthy diets

US$9.13 from reducing the harmful use of alcohol

US$7.43 from lower tobacco use

US$3.29 from providing drug therapy for cardiovascular disease

US$2.80 from increasing physical activity

US$2.74 from managing cancer”

 


Managing epidemics: Key facts about major deadly diseases – World Health Organization (free)

“Managing epidemics. This @WHO manual provides concise, up-to-date knowledge on 15 infectious diseases that have the potential to become international threats, and tips on how to respond to each of them”. (via @Onisillos and @claireekt see Tweet)

 


Call for public comments on the draft WHO Guidelines: Saturated fatty acid and trans-fatty intake for adults and children – World Health Organization (free)

Commentaries: Eat less saturated, trans fats to curb heart disease: WHO – Reuters (free) AND Eat Less Saturated and Trans Fats, World Health Organization Says – Consumer Reports (free) AND ‘Bad’ fats targeted in new global health guidelines – UN News (free)

“Adults and children should consume a maximum of 10 percent of their daily calories in the form of saturated fat such as meat and butter and one percent from trans fats to reduce the risk of heart disease, the World Health Organization said on Friday” (from Reuters)

 


SAVE LIVES: Clean Your Hands 5 May 2018 – World Health Organization Campaign (free guidelines, implementation tools, infographics, videos and more)

“It’s in your hands – prevent sepsis in health care”

 


A Simple Way to Improve a Billion Lives: Eyeglasses – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“It’s the biggest health crisis you’ve never heard of. Doctors, philanthropists and companies are trying to solve it”.

 


Report: Using dietary intake modelling to achieve population salt reduction – A guide to developing a country-specific salt reduction model (2018) – WHO Europe (free PDF)

“The Salt Reduction Model is a 5-step plan to help countries achieve a 30% reduction in population salt intake. Reducing salt consumption will help prevent and control noncommunicable diseases such as heart disease and stroke” (via @WHO_Europe see Tweet)

 


Handbook for national quality policy and strategy – World Health Organization (free PDF)

“A practical approach for developing policy and strategy to improve quality of care”

 


Should we recommend e-cigarettes to help smokers quit? – The BMJ (free)

See also: related guidelines, reports and commentaries on e-cigarettes

“Experts debate: Should doctors recommend e-cigarettes to help smokers quit? Revelation in harm reduction or a way to keep people addicted and gateway to youth smoking?” (via @rich_hurley see Tweet)

 


USPSTF Draft Recommendation Statement: Intimate Partner Violence, Elder Abuse, and Abuse of Vulnerable Adults: Screening (free)

Commentaries: USPSTF urges abuse screening for reproductive-aged women – MedicalXpress (free) AND USPSTF Recommends Screening for Partner Violence in Reproductive-Aged Women – Clinical Advisor (free)

“The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for intimate partner violence (IPV) in women of reproductive age and provide or refer women who screen positive to ongoing support services.”

 


World Immunization Week, 24-30 April 2018: Twelve things you didn’t know about immunization – UNICEF (free)

source: Global Health NOW Newsletter

 


Investing in non-communicable disease prevention and management to advance the Sustainable Development Goals – The Lancet (free registration required)

See complete series: The Lancet Taskforce on NCDs and economics (free registration required for articles and commentaries)

“Economic case to #BeatNCDs: benefit-cost ratio of investing in prevention and treatment of #NCDs is 5.6 for economic returns – 10.9 if social returns are included” (via @TheLancet see Tweet)

 


Seminar: Malaria

12 Apr,2018

Seminar: Malaria – The Lancet (free registration required)

 


World Health Day (7 April 2018) – World Health Organization (free resources)

See also: Campaign Essentials / Key Messages / and WHO’s Universal Health Coverage Website

WHO’s theme for this year world health day is Universal Health Coverage. “Health is a human right. It’s time for Universal Health Coverage for everyone, everywhere”. (via @WHO  see Tweet)

 


New Series from The Lancet Journals: The Lancet Taskforce on NCDs and economics (free registration required for all articles and commentaries)

Commentaries: Tax sugar, alcohol and tobacco to help the poor, say experts – The Guardian (free) AND Taxes on soft drinks, alcohol and tobacco are of most benefit to the poor – Imperial College London (free)

See also: To Improve Global Health, Tax the Things that are Killing Us (free policies, articles and commentaries)

 


Sleep deficiency and motor vehicle crash risk in the general population: a prospective cohort study – BMC Medicine (free)

Commentary: Sleep deficiency increases risk of a motor vehicle crash – Brigham and Women’s Hospital, via ScienceDaily (free)

“Study finds that sleep deficiency due to either sleep apnea or insufficient sleep duration is strongly associated with motor vehicle crashes, regardless of one’s self-reported sleepiness level” (from ScienceDaily)

 


Socioeconomic status, non-communicable disease risk factors, and walking speed in older adults: multi-cohort population based study – The BMJ (free)

“New work in @bmj_latest shows poverty increases ageing. Measured by walking speed. 60 y.o. men of lower social class walk like 66 y.o. men of higher social class. As important as physical inactivity, obesity or diabetes. Worse than smoking”. (via @astaines see Tweet)

 


Quantifying population-level health benefits and harms of e-cigarette use in the United States – PLOS One (free)

Commentaries: Study Suggests E-cigarettes Cause More Harm Than Good – AAFP News (free)

“Some Adults May Quit Smoking Traditional Cigarettes, But More Teens and Young Adults Will Start” (from AAFP)

 


Increased coronary heart disease and stroke hospitalisations from ambient temperatures in Ontario – Heart (free)

Related study: Big Swings in Daily Temperatures Linked to Spikes in MI Rates – TCTMD (free)

“Cold and hot weather associated with risk of cardiovascular disease hospitalization” (via @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)

 


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