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NEWS - Global & Public Health

Global, regional, and national burden of Alzheimer’s disease and other dementias, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – The Lancet Neurology (free)

Invited Commentary: Statistics on the burden of dementia: need for stronger data – The Lancet (free)

“In 2016, globally, 43·8 million individuals lived with dementia, increased from 20.2 million in 1990; dementia was the fifth leading cause of death globally (2·4 million) and more women than men had dementia” (via @TheLancet see Tweet with infographic)

 


Global Burden of Disease Study 2017 – The Lancet (8 free articles)

See also: Infographics with GBD 2017 Study Highlights – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (all free) AND Updated GBD Compare Visualization Tool – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free resource)

“All eight Global Burden of Disease 2017 papers providing 38 billion estimates of 359 diseases & injuries & 84 risk factors in 195 countries & territories” (via @TheLancet see Tweet)

 


E-cigarette Use and Subsequent Smoking Frequency Among Adolescents – Pediatrics (free)

Commentary: E-cigarette users have greater odds of subsequent cigarette use – 2 Minute Medicine (free)

“Among adolescent never smokers, electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) users had approximately 4-fold greater odds of initiating cigarette use at follow-up 2-3 years later.” (from 2 Minute Medicine)

 


The fight against non-communicable disease in emerging economies – Nature (free)

“Health-care providers in low- and middle-income countries are shifting their focus away from infections, and towards the bigger problems of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.”

 


The troubling epidemic of unnecessary C-sections around the world, explained – VOX (free)

Related WHO Recommendations: Non-Clinical Interventions to Reduce Unnecessary Cesarean Sections (free guideline and commentaries)

Related The Lancet Series: Optimising Cesarean Section Use (free articles)

Related Cochrane Review: Non‐Clinical Interventions for Reducing Unnecessary Caesarean Section (free review and summary)

“The C-section rate has doubled in less than a generation, from 12 percent of all births in 2000 to 21 percent in 2015.”

 


Heart disease used to be an ailment of the rich. But it’s now striking the world’s poor. – VOX (free)

“In 2016, an estimated 1 million people died of HIV/AIDS, 445,000 people died of malaria, and 1.7 million died of tuberculosis. Nearly 18 million died of heart disease. And more than three-quarters of those deaths occurred in the developing world.”

 


Antibiotics May Soon Become Useless. Now What? – WIRED (a few articles per month are free)

 


800,000 people kill themselves every year. What can we do? – The Guardian (free) (via @onisillos)

Related Guidelines: Preventing suicide: A community engagement toolkit – World Health Organization (free PDF) AND Preventing suicide in community and custodial settings – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (free)

“In too many places mental health support services are non-existent and those with treatable conditions are criminalized. Bold action is long overdue”

 


Global, regional, and national burden of Parkinson’s disease, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – The Lancet Neurology (free)

Invited Commentary: The burden of Parkinson’s disease: a worldwide perspective (free)

“In 2016, 6·1 million people worldwide had Parkinson’s disease, 2·9 million (48%) women & 3·2 million (52%) men; the increase in burden since 1990 was not exclusively explained by an increasing number of older people” (via @TheLancet see Tweet)

 


Associations between 24 hour movement behaviours and global cognition in US children: a cross-sectional observational study – The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Limiting children’s recreational screen time to less than 2 hours a day linked to better cognition – The Lancet (free) AND Limiting children’s screen time linked to better cognition, study says – CNN (free) AND Limiting children’s screen time linked to better cognition – BBC (free)

“Researchers said more work was now needed to better understand the effects of different types of screen use. However, they acknowledge that their observational study shows only an association between screen time and cognition and cannot prove a causal link.” (from BBC)

 


Measuring human capital: a systematic analysis of 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016 – The Lancet (free)

Commentary: Unprecedented study finds nations failing to invest in education and health care at risk of slow economic growth – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

Infographic: What is human capital and why is it relevant? – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

“The first-ever study ranking countries by human capital has been published in @TheLancet. This novel approach looks at nations’ investments in health and education and their relation to GDP growth” (via @IHME_UW see Tweet)

 


Screening: How overdiagnosis and other harms can undermine the benefits – Health News Review (free)

“All screening programs do harm, some do good as well.”

 


Screening for Syphilis Infection in Pregnant Women: US Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement – JAMA (free)

Editorial: Congenital Syphilis—Still a Shadow on the Land (free)

“The USPSTF recommends early screening for syphilis infection in all pregnant women. (A recommendation)”

 


Did Juul Lure Teenagers and Get ‘Customers for Life’? – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“…will it be possible to get people who are addicted to cigarettes to switch to e-cigarettes, which are less harmful, without enticing a new generation or non-smokers to try them?” (via @CaulfieldTim see Tweet)

 


Type 2 Poliovirus Detection after Global Withdrawal of Trivalent Oral Vaccine – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

“Wild-type transmission of poliovirus is nearly halted. To eradicate poliomyelitis, cessation of vaccine-derived poliovirus transmission must also be addressed. Strategies to accomplish this are analyzed.” (via @NEJM see Tweet)

 


Environmental toxic metal contaminants and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis – The BMJ (free)

Editorial: Environmental metals and cardiovascular disease (free)

Commentary: Experts warn of cardiovascular risk from heavy metal pollution – University of Cambridge (free)

“Since metals are associated with cardiovascular disease even at relatively low levels of exposure, population wide strategies to minimize exposure can further contribute to overall cardiovascular prevention efforts” (from @bmj_latest see Tweet)

 


Immigration as a Social Determinant of Health: Proceedings of a Workshop – National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (free PDF)

“Immigration as a social determinant of health – NEW publication explores complex interactions between immigration and health disparities + grappling with the complexities of immigration” (via @julianmfisher see Tweet)

 


The Community Health Worker Boom – NEJM Catalyst (free)

“The key question is not whether community health workers are effective, but how we can make them as effective as possible.”

 


Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – The Lancet (free)

Commentaries: No level of alcohol consumption improves health – The Lancet (free) AND No amount of alcohol is good for your overall health, global study says – CNN (free) AND New scientific study: no safe level of alcohol – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

“Alcohol was responsible for nearly 3 million deaths in 2016, the study says. It was the leading risk factor for disease and premature death in men and women between the ages of 15 and 49 worldwide in 2016, accounting for nearly one in 10 deaths.” (from @cnni see Tweet)

 


Our first year together – World Health Organization (free)

“Delighted to share my first annual letter as WHO Director-General. It outlines our major achievements over the past year and what I believe are the keys to achieving #HealthForAll. I’m proud of everything we’ve achieved – but we’re just getting started!” (via @DrTedros see Tweet)

 


Rotavirus Vaccination and the Global Burden of Rotavirus Diarrhea Among Children Younger Than 5 Years – JAMA Pediatrics (free)

“Rotavirus-associated mortality has decreased by 48.2% in children under 5 between 1990 and 2016” (via @IHME_UW see Tweet with infographics)

 


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