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NEWS - Global & Public Health

Screening: How overdiagnosis and other harms can undermine the benefits – Health News Review (free)

“All screening programs do harm, some do good as well.”

 


Screening for Syphilis Infection in Pregnant Women: US Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement – JAMA (free)

Editorial: Congenital Syphilis—Still a Shadow on the Land (free)

“The USPSTF recommends early screening for syphilis infection in all pregnant women. (A recommendation)”

 


Did Juul Lure Teenagers and Get ‘Customers for Life’? – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“…will it be possible to get people who are addicted to cigarettes to switch to e-cigarettes, which are less harmful, without enticing a new generation or non-smokers to try them?” (via @CaulfieldTim see Tweet)

 


Type 2 Poliovirus Detection after Global Withdrawal of Trivalent Oral Vaccine – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

“Wild-type transmission of poliovirus is nearly halted. To eradicate poliomyelitis, cessation of vaccine-derived poliovirus transmission must also be addressed. Strategies to accomplish this are analyzed.” (via @NEJM see Tweet)

 


Environmental toxic metal contaminants and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis – The BMJ (free)

Editorial: Environmental metals and cardiovascular disease (free)

Commentary: Experts warn of cardiovascular risk from heavy metal pollution – University of Cambridge (free)

“Since metals are associated with cardiovascular disease even at relatively low levels of exposure, population wide strategies to minimize exposure can further contribute to overall cardiovascular prevention efforts” (from @bmj_latest see Tweet)

 


Immigration as a Social Determinant of Health: Proceedings of a Workshop – National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (free PDF)

“Immigration as a social determinant of health – NEW publication explores complex interactions between immigration and health disparities + grappling with the complexities of immigration” (via @julianmfisher see Tweet)

 


The Community Health Worker Boom – NEJM Catalyst (free)

“The key question is not whether community health workers are effective, but how we can make them as effective as possible.”

 


Alcohol use and burden for 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 – The Lancet (free)

Commentaries: No level of alcohol consumption improves health – The Lancet (free) AND No amount of alcohol is good for your overall health, global study says – CNN (free) AND New scientific study: no safe level of alcohol – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

“Alcohol was responsible for nearly 3 million deaths in 2016, the study says. It was the leading risk factor for disease and premature death in men and women between the ages of 15 and 49 worldwide in 2016, accounting for nearly one in 10 deaths.” (from @cnni see Tweet)

 


Our first year together – World Health Organization (free)

“Delighted to share my first annual letter as WHO Director-General. It outlines our major achievements over the past year and what I believe are the keys to achieving #HealthForAll. I’m proud of everything we’ve achieved – but we’re just getting started!” (via @DrTedros see Tweet)

 


Rotavirus Vaccination and the Global Burden of Rotavirus Diarrhea Among Children Younger Than 5 Years – JAMA Pediatrics (free)

“Rotavirus-associated mortality has decreased by 48.2% in children under 5 between 1990 and 2016” (via @IHME_UW see Tweet with infographics)

 


Increasing tolerance of hospital Enterococcus faecium to handwash alcohols – Science Translational Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Study finds increased alcohol tolerance in common hospital pathogen – CIDRAP (free) AND Superbugs now also becoming resistant to alcohol disinfectants – Reuters (free) AND Some Bacteria Are Becoming ‘More Tolerant’ Of Hand Sanitizers, Study Finds – NPR (free)

“Researchers found that E faecium isolates collected in 2 Australian hospitals after 2009 were 10x more tolerant to alcohol than those collected before 2004, and that the date of isolation was a much better predictor of survival than the genotype” (via @CIDRAP_ASP see Tweet)

 


Strategic review of child health – The BMJ (free articles)

“About 5.6m children died before their 5th birthday in 2016. The new global child health collection launching today explores how we can work together to safeguard the health and wellbeing of children across the world.”


Nurses as substitutes for doctors in primary care – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Nurses as substitutes for doctors in primary care – Cochrane Library (free)

“This updated Cochrane Review indicates that nurses can effectively expand the capacity of the primary care workforce”.

 


INSPIRE: Seven strategies for ending violence against children – World Health Organization (free resources)

Fact Sheet: Violence against children – World Health Organization (free)

The package includes the core document describing what the INSPIRE strategies and interventions are; an implementation handbook that provides details on how to implement the interventions, and a set of indicators to measure the uptake of INSPIRE and its impact on levels of violence against children.

 


Long-acting Reversible Contraception—Highly Efficacious, Safe, and Underutilized – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Clinical Review Audio: Return of the IUD: Long-acting Reversible Contraception Is Safe and Effective (free)

 


Management of multimorbidity using a patient-centred care model: a pragmatic cluster-randomised trial of the 3D approach – The Lancet (free)

Commentaries: Patient-centred care for multimorbidity: an end in itself? – The Lancet (free) AND Results of the largest ever multimorbidity trial in primary care challenge current thinking -NIHR News (free)

Related: Designing a High-Performing Health Care System for Patients with Complex Needs: Ten Recommendations for Policymakers (series of free articles on the topic) AND Multimorbidity: A Priority for Global Health Research (free report and commentaries)

“In the largest ever trial of an intervention to treat people with multiple long-term conditions (multimorbidity) in primary care, NIHR-researchers found that the patient-centred approach taken improved patients’ experience of their care but did not improve their health-related quality of life. This is a challenge to current thinking on which UK and international guidelines are based”. (from NIHR News)

 


Editorial: HPV vaccination: balancing facts – Cochrane Library (free)

Related Cochrane Review: Prophylactic Vaccination Against HPV to Prevent Cervical Cancer (link to review and commentaries)

 


Rip Current Heroes Study Guide – National Geographic (free PDF)

News Release: Rip Current Heroes Study Guide (Free)

Videos: Rip Current Heroes (free)

Related Reports: Preventing drowning: an implementation guide – World Health Organization (free) AND Global report on drowning: preventing a leading killer – World Health Organization (free) AND Hidden Hazards: An Exploration of Open Water Drowning and Risks for Children – Safe Kids Worldwide (free PDF)

Source: Global Health NOW Newsletter

“Each year they kill, on average, more lives in Australia than bushfires, floods, cyclones and sharks combined.
The global drowning prevention community is out to spread the word on identifying and escaping deadly #ripcurrents with a public awareness campaign today. Check out a documentary and study guide focused on rip current science and survival strategies from National Geographic and Australia’s Rob Brander, a global expert in the field from UNSW Sydney”. (from Global Health NOW Newsletter)

 


Helping patients choose wisely – The BMJ (free)

Related: The Choosing Wisely initiative was launched 5 years ago, and now has over 490 recommendations from 18 countries (free)

See complete lists from: Choosing Wisely U.S., Choosing Wisely UKChoosing Wisely Australia AND Choosing Wisely Canada

“One of the main barriers to tackling the problem of overuse is that doctors are concerned patients will find it difficult to accept fewer interventions. However, informed patients often opt for less intervention, not more.” (via @bmj_latest see Tweet)

 


E-cigarettes, Juuls and Heat-Not-Burn Devices: The Science and Regulation of Vaping – Hopkins Bloomberg Public Health Magazine (free)

E-cigarettes can help some people quit smoking but may entice others to start. So how should they be regulated?

 


The flu vaccine is being oversold – it’s not that effective – The Conversation (free)

See Related Cochrane Systematic Reviews: Vaccines for Preventing Influenza and Its Complications (free)

“The infection rate in adults drops from 2% per year to 1%. You could say that’s halved, but it effectively only drops by 1%. So this means that out of every 100 healthy adults vaccinated, 99 get no benefit against laboratory confirmed influenza”.

 


Mental Health ATLAS 2017 – World Health Organization (free PDF)

News Release: Mental health: massive scale-up of resources needed if global targets are to be met (free)

See also: WHO Campaign on Mental Health (free resources)

“Every US$ 1 invested in scaling up treatment for common mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety leads to a return of US$ 4 in better health and ability to work” (via @WHO see Tweet)

 


Tracing Spread of Zika Virus in the Americas – NIH Director’s Blog (free)

Original Article: Genomic Epidemiology Reconstructs the Introduction and Spread of Zika Virus in Central America and Mexico – Cell Host & Microbe (free)

 


How is the world doing in its fight against vaccine preventable diseases? – Our World in Data (free)

“Vaccines are amazing: the number of child deaths caused by diseases for which vaccines are available fell by over 2/3 in 25 years. 3.6 million(!) fewer kids under the age of 5 died from these diseases in 2015 than in 1990” (via @DinaPomeranz see Tweet)

 


It’s time to rethink how much booze may be too much – VOX (free)

Related Meta-Analysis: Risk Thresholds for Alcohol Consumption (free article, editorial and commentaries)

 


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