Open access

NEWS - Global & Public Health

#ACC18 – Cluster-Randomized Trial of Blood-Pressure Reduction in Black Barbershops – New England Journal of Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Barbershop-Based Intervention Leads to Blood Pressure Reductions in African-American Men – American College of Cardiology (free) AND Mixing Haircuts and Hypertension Rx a ‘Home Run’ for Blood Pressure Control – TCTMD (free)

“Among black male barbershop patrons with uncontrolled hypertension, health promotion by barbers resulted in larger blood-pressure reduction when coupled with medication management in barbershops by specialty-trained pharmacists”.


Elder Abuse: Sometimes It’s Self-Inflicted – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“The house is filthy. The elderly resident is struggling. But who has the right to intervene?” (via @NYTHealth see Tweet)


Socioeconomic disparities in first stroke incidence, quality of care, and survival: a nationwide registry-based cohort study of 44 million adults in England – The Lancet Public Health (free)

Invited commentary: Preventing stroke on the street where you live, work, and play (free)

Patients from the lowest socioeconomic groups had first stroke a median of 7 years earlier than those from the highest and a 26% higher adjusted risk of 1-year mortality.


Efficacy of a single-dose regimen of inactivated whole-cell oral cholera vaccine: results from 2 years of follow-up of a randomised trial – The Lancet Infectious Diseases (free)

Invited commentary: Cholera control: one dose at a time (free)

“Our results indicate that when such emergencies occur in populations with endemic cholera, the challenges of successfully completing a two-dose regimen should not deter deployment of OCV, because older children and adults will be protected for at least 2 years by a single dose”. (via @Onisillos see Tweet)


Effectiveness of brief alcohol interventions in primary care populations – Cochrane Library (free)

In general practice or emergency care settings, brief alcohol interventions can reduce alcohol consumption and related harm.


Guidelines for Adolescent Depression in Primary Care – American Academy of Pediatrics

Part I. Practice Preparation, Identification, Assessment, and Initial Management (free)

Part II. Treatment and Ongoing Management (free)

Commentary: Pediatricians Call For Universal Depression Screening For Teens – NPR (free)


The global crackdown on parents who refuse vaccines for their kids has begun – VOX (free)

“Countries like Italy and Australia are tired of measles outbreaks — so they’re moving to fine anti-vaccine parents”.


Series from the Lancet journals: Canada: global leadership on health (free registration required to access all articles)


100% excise tax on tobacco, energy drinks from June – MuscatDaily (free) (via @DrFrieden see Tweet)

Oman will raise taxes on tobacco, alcohol, soft drinks and energy drinks by 100%.


It’s poverty, not individual choice, that is driving extraordinary obesity level – The Conversation (free)

“Statistics point remorselessly towards obesity being a symptom with an underlying social cause”.


Opinion: Stories about tragic flu deaths wrongly portray Tamiflu as a panacea – HealthNewsReview (free)

Related: Tamiflu and Relenza: getting the full evidence picture – Cochrane Library (free)

“The review confirms small benefits on symptom relief, namely shortening duration of symptoms by half a day on average. However, there is little evidence to support any belief that use of NIs reduces hospital admission or the risk of developing confirmed pneumonia”. (from Cochrane)


New Cochrane Systematic Reviews – Vaccines for Preventing Influenza and Its Complications

In Healthy Children (free) / Summary (free)

In The Elderly (free) / Summary (free)

In Immunosuppressed Adults With Cancer (free) / Summary (free)

In Healthy Adults (free) / Summary (free)


Immunogenicity of Fractional-Dose Vaccine during a Yellow Fever Outbreak — Preliminary Report – The New England Journal of Medicine (free)

A fractional dose containing one fifth of the standard dose was effective at inducing seroconversion, supporting the use of fractional-dose vaccination for outbreak control.


Nursing interventions for smoking cessation – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Does support and intervention from nurses help people to stop smoking? – Cochrane Library (free)

“There’s moderate quality evidence that behavioural support to motivate & sustain smoking cessation delivered by nurses can lead to a modest increase in the number of people who achieve prolonged abstinence” (via @CochraneUK see Tweet)


The CDC Is About to Fall Off a Funding Cliff – The Atlantic (free)

“It’s already planning to pull back on work that protects the world from pandemics”.


Free online course. Starts 12 February 2018. The Lancet Maternal Health Series: Global Research and Evidence – London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, via Future Learn

“Hear the latest expert evidence from The Lancet Maternal Health Series and learn what you can do to improve maternal healthcare”.


New Series on malaria in pregnancy – The Lancet Infectious Diseases (via @Onisillos)


Comment: Putting malaria in pregnancy back in the spotlight (free registration required)

Article 1: Burden, pathology, and costs of malaria in pregnancy: new developments for an old problem (free registration required)

Article 2: Prevention of malaria in pregnancy (free registration required)

Article 3: Treatment of uncomplicated and severe malaria during pregnancy (free registration required)


Long-term risks and benefits associated with cesarean delivery for mother, baby, and subsequent pregnancies: Systematic review and meta-analysis – PLOS Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Caesarean section versus natural birth – an obstetrician examines a new review  – The Conversation (free) AND Expert reaction to review paper looking at long-term risks and benefits of caesarean sections – Science Media Centre (free) AND C-sections linked to long-term risks and benefits – PLOS, via EurekAlert (free) AND Long-term risks and benefits of C-section revealed – Medical News Today (free)

“As a scientist, I can appreciate the effort made in conducting a systematic review on the topic, but as an obstetrician I worry that the results can be over-interpreted by patients – not to mention obstetricians and midwives – and caesarean section “marketed” as a safe way to avoid pelvic floor problems”. (from The Conversation)


USPSTF Not Backing Ankle-Brachial Index, CRP, or Coronary Calcium – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND No Change in USPSTF’s Stance on Using Nontraditional Risk Factors to Assess CV Risk – Physician’s First Watch (free)

Draft Recommendation Statement 1: Cardiovascular Disease: Risk Assessment With Nontraditional Risk Factors – USPSTF (free)

Draft Recommendation Statement 2: Peripheral Artery Disease and Cardiovascular Disease: Screening and Risk Assessment With the Ankle-Brachial Index (free)

“The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of adding the ankle-brachial index (ABI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), or coronary artery calcification (CAC) score to traditional risk assessment for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in asymptomatic adults to prevent CVD events”.


Editorial: Children and social media – The Lancet (free)

Original report: Life in ‘likes’ – Children’s Commissioner (free)

See also a recent Pediatrics supplement: Children, Adolescents and Screens: What We Know and What We Need To Learn (series of free articles) and related articles on Social Media and Mental Health


Supporting Patients Through Serious Illness and the End of Life: Sutter Health’s AIM Model – The Commonwealth Fund (free)

“By proactively managing care for the terminally ill, the Advanced Illness Management program has produced savings of $8,000–$9,000 per patient” (via @commonwealthfnd see Tweet)


Satellites Predict a Cholera Outbreak Weeks in Advance – Scientific American (free)

“A test in Yemen showed satellite data could foresee an outbreak four weeks before it exploded”.


One smart upstream investment – Politico (free)

“14 public health all-stars offer their top ideas for reshaping America’s long-term health”.


2 – 2018 Edition: Let’s Talk TB (free PDF chapters) (via @paimadhu and @Onisillos)

“Let’s Talk TB is a book on the current best practices on TB diagnosis and treatment available for free for all GPs and private practitioners in India and other high-burden countries”


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