Open access

NEWS - General Interest

To Fight Burnout, Organize – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

“The social determinants of health — and physicians’ sense of powerlessness in the face of them — seem crucially missing from the discussion of burnout”.


E-cigarettes, Juuls and Heat-Not-Burn Devices: The Science and Regulation of Vaping – Hopkins Bloomberg Public Health Magazine (free)

E-cigarettes can help some people quit smoking but may entice others to start. So how should they be regulated?


The flu vaccine is being oversold – it’s not that effective – The Conversation (free)

See Related Cochrane Systematic Reviews: Vaccines for Preventing Influenza and Its Complications (free)

“The infection rate in adults drops from 2% per year to 1%. You could say that’s halved, but it effectively only drops by 1%. So this means that out of every 100 healthy adults vaccinated, 99 get no benefit against laboratory confirmed influenza”.


Mental Health ATLAS 2017 – World Health Organization (free PDF)

News Release: Mental health: massive scale-up of resources needed if global targets are to be met (free)

See also: WHO Campaign on Mental Health (free resources)

“Every US$ 1 invested in scaling up treatment for common mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety leads to a return of US$ 4 in better health and ability to work” (via @WHO see Tweet)


Performing CPR? Humming the Macarena could help – The Guardian (free)

Related Commentary: La Macarena could be the answer to staying alive, heart study finds – The Telegraph (free)

“Using the song “La Macarena” to keep time improves the quality of chest compressions during cardiopulmonary rescuscitation” (via @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)


Why thousands of AI researchers are boycotting the new Nature journal – The Guardian (free)

“The public already pays taxes that fund our research. Why should people have to pay again to read the results?” (via @ashleydfarley see Tweet)


How is the world doing in its fight against vaccine preventable diseases? – Our World in Data (free)

“Vaccines are amazing: the number of child deaths caused by diseases for which vaccines are available fell by over 2/3 in 25 years. 3.6 million(!) fewer kids under the age of 5 died from these diseases in 2015 than in 1990” (via @DinaPomeranz see Tweet)


It’s time to rethink how much booze may be too much – VOX (free)

Related Meta-Analysis: Risk Thresholds for Alcohol Consumption (free article, editorial and commentaries)


Incidental anarchy – The BMJ Opinion (free)

“Giles Maskell writes on over diagnosis and underdiagnosis, the complexities of incidental findings and urges clinicians to “Think before you scan because you can” (via @bmj_latest see Tweet)

How Tech Can Turn Doctors Into Clerical Workers – The New York Times Magazine (10 articles per month are free)

“The threat that electronic health records and machine learning pose to physicians’ clinical judgment — and their well-being”.


E-cigarettes: A win or loss for public health? – Knowable Magazine (free)

Related Perspective: The Promise of Vaping and the Rise of Juul – The New Yorker (free)

See also: related guidelines, reports and commentaries on e-cigarettes (all free)

“Arguments over whether e-cigarettes are harmful or helpful seem gridlocked as emerging research underscores both the toxicity of vaping and its possible benefits”. (via @ghn_news see Tweet)


Trying to Put a Value on the Doctor-Patient Relationship – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“In its push for profits, the U.S. health care system has made it difficult for patients to get personal attention from doctors. But what if hands-on medicine actually saves money — and lives?”


How Tech Can Turn Doctors into Clerical Workers – The New York Times Magazine (10 articles per month are free)

“The threat that electronic health records and machine learning pose to physicians’ clinical judgment — and their well-being”.


Saving lives, spending less: a strategic response to noncommunicable diseases – World Health Organization (free PDF)

News Release: Investing in noncommunicable disease control generates major financial and health gains – World Health Organization (free)

“For every US$1 invested in each policy area, the following returns have been documented:

US$12.82 from promoting healthy diets

US$9.13 from reducing the harmful use of alcohol

US$7.43 from lower tobacco use

US$3.29 from providing drug therapy for cardiovascular disease

US$2.80 from increasing physical activity

US$2.74 from managing cancer”


ASCO 2018: Shortening Adjuvant Trastuzumab to 6 Months in Patients With HER2-Positive Early Breast Cancer Is Effective and Reduces Cardiac Toxicities – The ASCO Post (free)

Commentaries: Test of Herceptin Finds Briefer Treatment Can Work, With Fewer Side Effects – NPR (free) AND Shorter drug treatment OK for many breast cancer patients – Associated Press (free) AND For Women With Early Breast Cancer, Herceptin Treatment Can Be Much Shorter – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

““For women with early-stage breast cancer who needed the drug Herceptin, 6 months of treatment were as good as 12, a major study found. Less risk of side effects, less cost, less time “being a patient.”” (via @NYTHealth see Tweet)


Call for public comments on the draft WHO Guidelines: Saturated fatty acid and trans-fatty intake for adults and children – World Health Organization (free)

Commentaries: Eat less saturated, trans fats to curb heart disease: WHO – Reuters (free) AND Eat Less Saturated and Trans Fats, World Health Organization Says – Consumer Reports (free) AND ‘Bad’ fats targeted in new global health guidelines – UN News (free)

“Adults and children should consume a maximum of 10 percent of their daily calories in the form of saturated fat such as meat and butter and one percent from trans fats to reduce the risk of heart disease, the World Health Organization said on Friday” (from Reuters)


A Simple Way to Improve a Billion Lives: Eyeglasses – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“It’s the biggest health crisis you’ve never heard of. Doctors, philanthropists and companies are trying to solve it”.


Plastic Surgery’s Contributions to Surgical Ethics – AMA Journal of Ethics (free)

“Important for plastic surgeons in particular to remember: just because you *can* perform an operation, which might or might not be medically indicated, does not mean you *should* perform the operation” (via @JournalofEthics see Tweet)


Support for midlife anxiety diagnosis as an independent risk factor for dementia: a systematic review – BMJ Open (free)

Commentaries: Moderate to severe mid-life anxiety may be linked to later life dementia – BMJ Open Blog (free) AND Anxiety in middle age linked to dementia later – Reuters (free) AND Expert reaction to a review of the association between mid-life anxiety and later life dementia – Science Media Centre (free)

“The current study isn’t designed to explain how anxiety and dementia might be connected, Iadecola added.

“We cannot say with confidence that anxiety is a cause (risk factor), an early manifestation of the dementia, or only coincidentally associated with it,”” (from Reuters)


Lecture: How Less Health Care Can (Sometimes) Be Better For You (free Youtube video)

See also other CLUE Working Group Lecture Series (tweet with lecture links by @KariTikkinen)

“Editor-in-Chief of @JAMAInternalMed, professor Rita Redberg gave the 3rd CLUE Working Group lecture entitled “How Less Health Care Can (Sometimes) Be Better For You” at the Think Corner of the U of Helsinki” (via @KariTikkinen see Tweet)


Should we recommend e-cigarettes to help smokers quit? – The BMJ (free)

See also: related guidelines, reports and commentaries on e-cigarettes

“Experts debate: Should doctors recommend e-cigarettes to help smokers quit? Revelation in harm reduction or a way to keep people addicted and gateway to youth smoking?” (via @rich_hurley see Tweet)


World Immunization Week, 24-30 April 2018: Twelve things you didn’t know about immunization – UNICEF (free)

source: Global Health NOW Newsletter


The Clinical Trial Is Open. The Elderly Need Not Apply – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

Related: Cardiac Patients in Trials Don’t Reflect Real-World Populations (link to abstract and commentaries on the subject)

“There’s a shocking lack of data on effective treatments for older people. So what do doctors do? Make guesses”. (via @NYTHealth see Tweet)


Perspective: Demand cancer drugs that truly help patients – Nature (free)

“Drug regulators and trial designs should assess benefits that actually matter to people with cancer, says Ajay Aggarwal”


World Health Day (7 April 2018) – World Health Organization (free resources)

See also: Campaign Essentials / Key Messages / and WHO’s Universal Health Coverage Website

WHO’s theme for this year world health day is Universal Health Coverage. “Health is a human right. It’s time for Universal Health Coverage for everyone, everywhere”. (via @WHO  see Tweet)


Association of a Negative Wealth Shock With All-Cause Mortality in Middle-aged and Older Adults in the United States – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Financial Ruin Can Be Hazardous To Your Health – NPR (free) AND Losing your nest egg can kill you – Northwestern University, via ScienceDaily (free)

“People have a 50 percent higher risk of death if they suffer a shocking financial loss” (via ScienceDaily)


Quantifying population-level health benefits and harms of e-cigarette use in the United States – PLOS One (free)

Commentaries: Study Suggests E-cigarettes Cause More Harm Than Good – AAFP News (free)

“Some Adults May Quit Smoking Traditional Cigarettes, But More Teens and Young Adults Will Start” (from AAFP)


Increased coronary heart disease and stroke hospitalisations from ambient temperatures in Ontario – Heart (free)

Related study: Big Swings in Daily Temperatures Linked to Spikes in MI Rates – TCTMD (free)

“Cold and hot weather associated with risk of cardiovascular disease hospitalization” (via @kamleshkhunti see Tweet)


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