General Interest

Measuring the Value of Health

4 Feb, 2019 | 22:36h | UTC

Measuring the value of health – Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (free)

 

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A.I. Could Worsen Health Disparities – The New York Times (free)

“In a health system riddled with inequity, we risk making dangerous biases automated and invisible.”

 


A Randomized Trial of E-Cigarettes versus Nicotine-Replacement Therapy – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Editorial: The Dangerous Flavors of E-Cigarettes (free)

Commentaries: E-cigarettes more effective than nicotine replacement therapies, finds major trial – Queen Mary University of London (free) AND UK study shows e-cigarettes help adult smokers quit, but US experts urge caution – CNN (free) AND E-Cigarettes Are Effective at Helping Smokers Quit, a Study Says – The New York times (10 articles per month are free) AND E-cigarettes ‘much better for quitting smoking’ – BBC (free) AND Study Found Vaping Beat Traditional Smoking-Cessation Options – NPR (free)

 

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Are Probiotics Money Down the Toilet? Or Worse? – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Related: Randomized Trials: Probiotics Ineffective Against Gastroenteritis (link to abstract and commentaries) AND Perspective: The Problem with Probiotics (free commentaries) AND Probiotics: Does the Evidence Match the Hype? (link to abstract and commentaries) AND Systematic Review: Harms Reporting in Trials with Probiotics (link to abstract and commentaries)

 


This Is Your Brain Off Facebook – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

Original randomized trial, involving nearly 3000 individuals: The Welfare Effects of Social Media (free PDF)

“Expect the consequences to be fairly immediate: More in-person time with friends and family. Less political knowledge, but also less partisan fever. A small bump in one’s daily moods and life satisfaction. And, for the average Facebook user, an extra hour a day of downtime.”

 


Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among Medical Students: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment (free)

“1 in 3 medical students has used cannabis, whereas 8.8% were current users”

 


Promises, promises, and precision medicine – JCI: The Journal of Clinical Investigation (free)

Related: Representing a “revolution”: how the popular press has portrayed personalized medicine – Genetics in Medicine (free)

“Hype vs. reality. Vast disconnect between actual achievements of “precision medicine” and how portrayed in popular culture” (via @CaulfieldTim see Tweet)

 

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The Global Syndemic of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Climate Change: The Lancet Commission report (free registration required)

Commentaries: Take on food industry to beat malnutrition and obesity, says report – The Guardian (free) AND Want to fix obesity and climate change at the same time? Make Big Food companies pay. – VOX (free) AND To fix climate change, fix the obesity and starvation epidemics, reports say – CNN (free)

 

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Injuries Associated With Standing Electric Scooter Use – JAMA Network Open (free)

Invited Commentary: Shareable 2-Wheeled Vehicles—A New Public Health Problem? (free)

 

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Should we rename low risk cancers? – The BMJ (free)

 

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Perspective: The Death of the Sick Day

24 Jan, 2019 | 21:41h | UTC

The Death of the Sick Day – The New York Times (free)

“For many office workers, “working from home” has replaced a day spent recovering under the covers.”

 


10 Global Health Issues to Watch in 2019

24 Jan, 2019 | 00:02h | UTC

Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems – The Lancet (free articles – registration required)

Summary: EAT-Lancet Commission Brief for Everyone (free)

Commentaries: New Diet Guidelines to Benefit People and the Planet: More Greens for All, Less Meat for Some – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free) AND New ‘planetary health diet’ can save lives and the planet, major review suggests – CNN (free) AND A bit of meat, a lot of veg – the flexitarian diet to feed 10bn – BBC (free)

 

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American College of Physicians Ethics Manual: Seventh Edition – Annals of Internal Medicine (free)

News Release: American College of Physicians releases new edition of Ethics Manual (free)

“Genetic testing, telemedicine, end-of-life care, and human subjects research are among issues examined in new edition of ACP Ethics Manual” (from News Release)

 


Carbohydrate quality and human health: a series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses – The Lancet (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: High intake of dietary fiber and whole grains associated with reduced risk of non-communicable diseases – ScienceDaily (free) AND High-fiber diet linked to lower risk of death and chronic diseases – CNN (free) AND Expert reaction to series of systematic reviews and meta-analyses about dietary fibre and the risk of non-communicable disease – Science Media Centre (free)

 

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Effectiveness of SIESTA on Objective and Subjective Metrics of Nighttime Hospital Sleep Disruptors – Journal of Hospital Medicine (free)

Commentary: Hospital SIESTA project reduces inpatient sleep interruptions – University of Chicago Medical Center (free)

 

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Effect of a Biobehavioral Environmental Approach on Disability Among Low-Income Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Home Modifications to Reduce Disability in Older Adults With Functional Disability – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

 

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Vitamin and mineral supplementation for maintaining cognitive function in cognitively healthy people in mid and late life – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Vitamin and mineral supplementation for preventing cognitive deterioration in cognitively healthy people in mid and late life – Cochrane Library (free)

Commentary: Preventing dementia: do vitamin and mineral supplements have a role? – Evidently Cochrane (free)

 

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Comparison of Nicotine and Toxicant Exposure in Users of Electronic Cigarettes and Combustible Cigarettes – JAMA Network Open (free)

Commentaries: Will the Debate Over e-Cigarettes Start Cooling Down? – JAMA Network Open (free) AND E-cigarettes less toxic to users than cigarettes, study says – CNN (free)

 

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Parachute use to prevent death and major trauma when jumping from aircraft: randomized controlled trial – The BMJ (free)

Linked Opinion: We jumped from planes without parachutes (and lived to tell the tale) – The BMJ Opinion (free)

Commentaries: Researchers Show Parachutes Don’t Work, But There’s A Catch – NPR (free) AND Evidence-Based Satire – The Health Care Blog (free)

 

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U.S. News’ 41 Best Diets Overall

4 Jan, 2019 | 20:14h | UTC

Questions for Artificial Intelligence in Health Care – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Related: Humanizing Artificial Intelligence – JAMA (free for a limited period)

 


WHO: Why the HIV Epidemic is Not Over

4 Dec, 2018 | 00:04h | UTC

Why Hospitals Should Let You Sleep – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“Frequent disruptions are more than just annoying for patients. They can also cause harm.”

 


2018 Global Nutrition Report

2 Dec, 2018 | 23:25h | UTC

Medical Screening Tests You Do and Don’t Need – Consumer Reports (free) (via @EricTopol)

“Some may be life-saving, but others can waste time and money—and pose risks”

 


Editorial: We Need to Talk About Meat

2 Dec, 2018 | 23:03h | UTC

Assessment of Pregabalin Postapproval Trials and the Suggestion of Efficacy for New Indications: A Systematic Review – JAMA Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Some research may be encouraging ineffective prescriptions, says new study – McGill University (free)

“Our point is not to condemn these individual trials. Instead, we are saying that—when you zoom out and look at what’s happening at the level of the forest—the trees begin to look less healthy.” (from McGill University)

 


Investigation: The Implant Files

30 Nov, 2018 | 02:01h | UTC

Abraar Karan: Has the physical exam had its day? – The BMJ Opinion (free)

“Seeing patients in clinic today, I know that putting my stethoscope on them has a therapeutic effect, even if as their doctor, I am quite certain their heart and lungs are normal. However, this doesn’t mean the physical exam should not evolve.” (via @AbraarKaran see Tweet)

 


Dietary fat: From foe to friend?

20 Nov, 2018 | 15:18h | UTC

Review: A Time to Fast

16 Nov, 2018 | 03:29h | UTC

A time to fast – Science (free for a limited period) (via @EricTopol)

 


Top 8 Healthcare Predictions for 2019

16 Nov, 2018 | 02:19h | UTC

Why Doctors Hate Their Computers – The New Yorker (free)

“Digitization promises to make medical care easier and more efficient. But are screens coming between doctors and patients?”

 


A Profusion of Diagnoses. That’s Good and Bad – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“…we may also be medicalizing much of normal human behavior — labeling the healthy as diseased, and exposing them to undue risk of stigma, testing and treatment.”

 



Perspective: The Problem with Probiotics

26 Oct, 2018 | 02:08h | UTC

The Problem With Probiotics – The New York Times (free)

Related: Probiotic Safety—No Guarantees (free perspective)

“There are potential harms as well as benefits, and a lot of wishful thinking and imprecision in the marketing of products containing them.”

 


Organic Foods for Cancer Prevention??

26 Oct, 2018 | 02:04h | UTC

Heart disease used to be an ailment of the rich. But it’s now striking the world’s poor. – VOX (free)

“In 2016, an estimated 1 million people died of HIV/AIDS, 445,000 people died of malaria, and 1.7 million died of tuberculosis. Nearly 18 million died of heart disease. And more than three-quarters of those deaths occurred in the developing world.”