Review: Postoperative pulmonary complications

21Aug
2017

Global burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma

17Aug
2017

The global burden of tuberculosis mortality in children

17Aug
2017

Working up high: Hospitalist practice is different at altitude

16Aug
2017

The effect of high-flow nasal cannula in reducing the mortality and the rate of endotracheal intubation

15Aug
2017

Effect of 0.5 mg versus 1 mg varenicline for smoking cessation

14Aug
2017

Effect of 0.5 mg versus 1 mg varenicline for smoking cessation: a randomized controlled trial – Addiction (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“No difference in smoking cessation effectiveness between 1 mg and 0.5 mg twice daily varenicline” (46.5% vs 46.4%) (RT @JorgeMTamayo see Tweet)

 

Self-management interventions for patients with COPD

14Aug
2017

Self-management interventions including action plans for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) – Cochrane Library (free)

Full review: Self-management interventions including action plans for exacerbations versus usual care in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (link to summary – $ for full-text)

Related: Asthma self-management programmes can reduce unscheduled care – NIHR Signal (free)

Self-management interventions that include a COPD exacerbation action plan are associated with improvements in health-related quality of life and lower probability of respiratory-related hospital admissions.

 

Asthma-Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome

14Aug
2017

Preventing Asthma Exacerbations With Mite-Impermeable Bedcovers

11Aug
2017

Sildenafil for pulmonary hypertension in neonates

11Aug
2017

Systematic Review: Sildenafil for pulmonary hypertension in neonates – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text)

“Sildenafil may help reduce mortality and improve oxygenation in neonates with pulmonary hypertension” (RT @CochraneUK see Tweet)

 

Effects of CPAP and Mandibular Advancement Devices on Quality of Life in Sleep Apnea

10Aug
2017

Effects of CPAP and Mandibular Advancement Devices on Health-Related Quality of Life in OSA – Chest (free)

See also a recent study showing CPAP does not reduce cardiovascular events in our July 13th issue (see #2)

“CPAP is effective in improving health-related quality of life in OSA, and Mandibular Advancement Devices may be just as effective, but further RCTs comparing the two treatments are required”.

 

Ventilation in Extremely Preterm Infants and Respiratory Function at 8 Years

10Aug
2017

Effects of CPAP and Mandibular Advancement Devices on Health-Related Quality of Life in OSA

10Aug
2017

Effects of CPAP and Mandibular Advancement Devices on Health-Related Quality of Life in OSA – Chest (free)

See also a recent study showing CPAP does not reduce cardiovascular events in our July 13th issue (see #2)

“CPAP is effective in improving health-related quality of life in OSA, and Mandibular Advancement Devices may be just as effective, but further RCTs comparing the two treatments are required”.

 

Tuberculosis in children

9Aug
2017

Advances in the diagnosis of pneumonia in children

7Aug
2017

Long-term follow-up of patients with pulmonary thromboembolism

7Aug
2017

Bronchoscopy and bleeding risk

5Aug
2017

Dietary Fat Intake and Lung Cancer Risk

5Aug
2017

Brazilian guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of cystic fibrosis

3Aug
2017

Kidney dysfunction in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension

3Aug
2017

Treatment of Latent Tuberculosis Infection: An Updated Network Meta-analysis

1Aug
2017

Efficacy of corticosteroid treatment for severe community-acquired pneumonia: A meta-analysis

1Aug
2017

Efficacy of corticosteroid treatment for severe community-acquired pneumonia: A meta-analysis – American Journal of Emergency Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Source: More Evidence That Steroids Are Beneficial in Community-Acquired Pneumonia – Journal Watch ($)

In this meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in patients with severe community-acquired pneumonia, corticosteroid treatment was associated with reduced in-hospital mortality and length of hospital stay.

 

Clinical practice guideline for the management of ARDS

1Aug
2017

FDA announces comprehensive regulatory plan to shift trajectory of tobacco-related disease, death

1Aug
2017

Maintenance therapy in COPD: time to phase out ICS and switch to the new LAMA/LABA inhalers?

28Jul
2017

Approach to Patient with Sarcoidosis in the ED setting

27Jul
2017

E-cigarette use and associated changes in population smoking cessation

27Jul
2017

Update in Management of Severe Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure – Chest

27Jul
2017

Tobacco Use in Top-Grossing Movies

25Jul
2017

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemoptysis

25Jul
2017

Recent advances in the treatment of venous thromboembolism in the era of the direct oral anticoagulants

25Jul
2017

Reducing Smoking Rates for Patients Facing Surgery

25Jul
2017

2017 ACS Quality and Safety Conference: “Strong for Surgery” Shows Promise in Reducing Smoking Rates for Patients Facing Surgery – American College of Surgeons, via NewsWise (free)

“Study suggests big drop in smoking rates when surgeons help patients quit before their operations”.

 

High-dose versus standard-dose influenza vaccination on hospitalizations

25Jul
2017

Prescription Smoking Cessation Medications After Myocardial Infarction Underused

25Jul
2017

Management of malignant pleural effusion: challenges and solutions

23Jul
2017

Indoor swimming pool environments and self-reported irritative and respiratory symptoms among lifeguards

23Jul
2017

Emerging Data Show E-Cigarettes May Pose Heart Risk

23Jul
2017

Reviews on thrombosis and hemostasis

23Jul
2017

Video Laryngoscopy for Endotracheal Intubation of Critically Ill Adults

23Jul
2017

Video Laryngoscopy for Endotracheal Intubation of Critically Ill Adults: A Systemic Review and Meta-Analysis – Chest (free)

Source: Video Laryngoscopy Does Not Improve First-Pass Success in ICU Patients – Journal Watch ($)

“The VL technique did not increase the first-attempt success rate during EI in ICU patients compared with DL. These findings do not support routine use of VL in ICU patients”.

 

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea and Retinopathy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

22Jul
2017

Vitamin D supplements may reduce the chance of developing a chest infection

22Jul
2017

An evidence-based, point-of-care tool to guide completion of asthma action plans in practice

22Jul
2017

Review: How I treat recurrent venous thromboembolism in patients receiving anticoagulant therapy

22Jul
2017

Diagnosis and treatment of cystic lung disease

21Jul
2017

Treatment of connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease

21Jul
2017

Review: Optimizing diagnostic testing for venous thromboembolism

21Jul
2017

WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2017

21Jul
2017

New European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) Updated Clinical Practice Guidelines

20Jul
2017

Rehabilitation in patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension

18Jul
2017

High-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy is superior to conventional oxygen therapy

17Jul
2017

Studies suggest apneic oxygenation reduces hypoxemia during emergency intubation

17Jul
2017

Non-invasive ventilation for the management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure due to exacerbation of COPD

16Jul
2017

Non-invasive ventilation for the management of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease – Cochrane Library (free)

NIV reduces mortality and endotracheal intubation in patients with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure secondary to an acute exacerbation COPD.

 

The future of mechanical ventilation: lessons from the present and the past

13Jul
2017

Guidelines for Pathologic Diagnosis of Malignant Mesothelioma

13Jul
2017

Pericarditis as a Marker of Occult Cancer and a Prognostic Factor for Cancer Mortality

13Jul
2017

Advances in the causes and management of community acquired pneumonia in adults

12Jul
2017

Positive airway pressure doesn’t reduce cardiovascular events and death in adults with sleep apnea

12Jul
2017

Association of Positive Airway Pressure With Cardiovascular Events and Death in Adults With Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: More Doubt Cast on CPAP for Reducing CVD Risk in Sleep Apnea Patients – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Positive airway pressure doesn’t reduce heart risk with sleep apnea – Reuters (free)

“PAP for obstructive sleep apnea improves quality of life but not CV events or BP with up to 5 years of follow up” (RT @AnilMakam see Tweet)

 

Global burden of respiratory syncytial virus in young children

9Jul
2017

Effect of azithromycin on asthma exacerbations and quality of life in adults with persistent uncontrolled asthma

7Jul
2017

The use of high-frequency ventilation during general anaesthesia

7Jul
2017

Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia: An Update on Clinical Aspects, Genetics, Diagnosis, and Future Treatment Strategies

7Jul
2017

Exercise-Induced Bronchospasm and Allergy

7Jul
2017

Small airways disease and severe asthma

7Jul
2017

Iatrogenic bleeding during flexible bronchoscopy

7Jul
2017

The practice of tracheostomy decannulation

3Jul
2017

Checkpoint inhibitor-related pneumonitis

3Jul
2017

Direct oral anticoagulants in patients with chronic kidney disease

3Jul
2017

Guideline for the management of community-acquired pneumonia in adults

3Jul
2017

Pub smoking ban: 10 charts that show the impact

3Jul
2017

Pub smoking ban: 10 charts that show the impact – BBC News (free)

“It’s 10 years since smoking was banned in enclosed workplaces in England, following similar moves in the rest of the UK. But how has the “pub smoking ban” changed the country?”

 

Interventions for preventing high altitude illness

29Jun
2017

Interventions for preventing high altitude illness: Part 1. Commonly-used classes of drugs – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text) (RT @CochraneUK see Tweet)

Acetazolamide seems to be effective to prevent acute high altitude illness in dosages of 250 to 750 mg/day.

 

Antibiotics for acute bronchitis

29Jun
2017

Antibiotics for acute bronchitis – Cochrane Library (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

“There is limited evidence of clinical benefit to support the use of antibiotics in acute bronchitis”

 

Air Pollution and Mortality

29Jun
2017

Asthma self-management programmes can reduce unscheduled care

27Jun
2017

UK heart disease deaths fall by over 20% since indoor smoking ban

26Jun
2017

Respiratory medicine: Six things physicians and patients should question

26Jun
2017

Effect of Nebulized Hypertonic Saline Treatment in Emergency Departments on the Hospitalization Rate for Acute Bronchiolitis

25Jun
2017

Continuous positive airway pressure for children with undifferentiated respiratory distress

23Jun
2017

Which patients with advanced respiratory disease die in hospital?

21Jun
2017

Comparison of sputum collection methods for tuberculosis diagnosis

19Jun
2017

Comparison of sputum collection methods for tuberculosis diagnosis: a systematic review and pairwise and network meta-analysis – The Lancet Global Health (free)

Invited commentary: Remembering the basics: interventions to improve sputum collection for tuberculosis diagnosis (free)

Pooled sputum collection (sputum that was pooled from each spontaneous expectoration into the same sputum container over a period of several hours) increased the diagnostic performance of smear microscopy 1.6 times and the delivery of standardized instruction emphasizing the difference between sputum and saliva (verbally or visually) increased the odds of a positive microscopy result 1.4 times. “The effect of these simple, inexpensive strategies on diagnostic performance was similar to that of the relatively expensive GeneXpert MTB/RIF test, which, in the largest published studies, increased the odds of diagnosing tuberculosis by 1.3–1.5 times”

 

Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Dosing in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Renal Dysfunction

15Jun
2017

Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Dosing in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Renal Dysfunction – Journal of The American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: NOAC Doses: Just Stick to the Label – MedPage Today (free registration required)

“Among the 1,473 patients with a renal indication for dose reduction, 43.0% were potentially overdosed, which was associated with a higher risk of major bleeding”

 

Combination inhaler treatment in emergency departments may reduce admissions for asthma attacks

14Jun
2017

The impact of the environment on children’s health – New WHO Reports

7Jun
2017

Current Tobacco Smoking and Desire to Quit Smoking Among Students Aged 13–15 Years

7Jun
2017

Simplified diagnostic management of suspected pulmonary embolism

7Jun
2017

Recent Advances in Bronchoscopic Treatment of Peripheral Lung Cancers

4Jun
2017

Improving the Management of COPD in Women

1Jun
2017

World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2017

31May
2017

Healthcare Providers Shouldn’t Come to Work While Sick, but They Do — Here’s Why

31May
2017

Preparing for the next WHO Campaign: World No Tobacco Day

29May
2017

Preparing for the next WHO Campaign: World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2017 – World Health Organization (free infographics, posters, banners, publications and other resources for the upcoming campaign)

See also: “Tobacco Endgame” policies in our May 12th issue, see #3.

See also: Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories in our April 7th issue, see #1.

“Wednesday 31 May is World No Tobacco Day. Tweet using #NoTobacco “Protect health, reduce poverty, promote development” (RT @gmacscotland see Tweet)

 

Antibiotic therapy for nearly one in four adults with pneumonia does not work

29May
2017

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in adults: diagnosis and management

26May
2017

Perioperative management of patients on direct oral anticoagulants

24May
2017

COPD National Action Plan – National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

24May
2017

Home Noninvasive Ventilation to Reduce Readmissions for COPD

23May
2017

Directly Observed Therapy for Multidrug-Resistant TB Decreases Mortality

23May
2017

#ATS2017 – Directly Observed Therapy for Multidrug-Resistant TB Decreases Mortality – ATS 2017 Conference (free summary)

Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) was associated with a 77 percent decrease in mortality in observational study.

 

Time to Treatment and Mortality during Mandated Emergency Care for Sepsis

19May
2017

Time to Treatment and Mortality during Mandated Emergency Care for Sepsis – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Commentary: Doctors have resisted guidelines to treat sepsis. New study suggests those guidelines save lives – STAT News (free)

“For every hour you delay antibiotics in sepsis, mortality goes up” (RT @CMichaelGibson see Tweet)

“Trauma: Golden Hour

Cardiology: Time is muscle

Neurology: Time is brain

Sepsis: Early antibiotics to survive”

(interesting remark by @CMichaelGibson see Tweet)

 

Long-term oxygen therapy shows no benefit for moderate lung disease

18May
2017

Long-term oxygen therapy shows no benefit for moderate lung disease – NIHR Signal: Dissemination Centre Discover Portal (free)

Original article: A Randomized Trial of Long-Term Oxygen for COPD with Moderate Desaturation – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Patients with stable COPD and moderate resting desaturation (Spo2, 89 to 93%) or moderate exercise-induced desaturation (during the 6-minute walk test, Spo2 ≥80% for ≥5 minutes and <90% for ≥10 seconds) don’t seem to benefit from supplemental oxygen therapy.

 

Cough in Children – Chest Guidelines

17May
2017

Therapeutic Approach to Adult Fibrotic Lung Diseases

17May
2017

BTS guideline for oxygen use in adults in healthcare and emergency settings

16May
2017
Page 1 of 212

Share with you friends


Follow Us





Share Button

New! Subscribe to our 10 Stories of the Day.

Interests