UK heart disease deaths fall by over 20% since indoor smoking ban

26Jun
2017

Respiratory medicine: Six things physicians and patients should question

26Jun
2017

Effect of Nebulized Hypertonic Saline Treatment in Emergency Departments on the Hospitalization Rate for Acute Bronchiolitis

25Jun
2017

Continuous positive airway pressure for children with undifferentiated respiratory distress

23Jun
2017

Comparison of sputum collection methods for tuberculosis diagnosis

19Jun
2017

Comparison of sputum collection methods for tuberculosis diagnosis: a systematic review and pairwise and network meta-analysis – The Lancet Global Health (free)

Invited commentary: Remembering the basics: interventions to improve sputum collection for tuberculosis diagnosis (free)

Pooled sputum collection (sputum that was pooled from each spontaneous expectoration into the same sputum container over a period of several hours) increased the diagnostic performance of smear microscopy 1.6 times and the delivery of standardized instruction emphasizing the difference between sputum and saliva (verbally or visually) increased the odds of a positive microscopy result 1.4 times. “The effect of these simple, inexpensive strategies on diagnostic performance was similar to that of the relatively expensive GeneXpert MTB/RIF test, which, in the largest published studies, increased the odds of diagnosing tuberculosis by 1.3–1.5 times”

 

Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Dosing in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Renal Dysfunction

15Jun
2017

Non–Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulant Dosing in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation and Renal Dysfunction – Journal of The American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: NOAC Doses: Just Stick to the Label – MedPage Today (free registration required)

“Among the 1,473 patients with a renal indication for dose reduction, 43.0% were potentially overdosed, which was associated with a higher risk of major bleeding”

 

Combination inhaler treatment in emergency departments may reduce admissions for asthma attacks

14Jun
2017

Current Tobacco Smoking and Desire to Quit Smoking Among Students Aged 13–15 Years

7Jun
2017

The impact of the environment on children’s health – New WHO Reports

7Jun
2017

Simplified diagnostic management of suspected pulmonary embolism

7Jun
2017

Recent Advances in Bronchoscopic Treatment of Peripheral Lung Cancers

4Jun
2017

Improving the Management of COPD in Women

1Jun
2017

World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2017

31May
2017

Healthcare Providers Shouldn’t Come to Work While Sick, but They Do — Here’s Why

31May
2017

Preparing for the next WHO Campaign: World No Tobacco Day

29May
2017

Preparing for the next WHO Campaign: World No Tobacco Day, 31 May 2017 – World Health Organization (free infographics, posters, banners, publications and other resources for the upcoming campaign)

See also: “Tobacco Endgame” policies in our May 12th issue, see #3.

See also: Smoking prevalence and attributable disease burden in 195 countries and territories in our April 7th issue, see #1.

“Wednesday 31 May is World No Tobacco Day. Tweet using #NoTobacco “Protect health, reduce poverty, promote development” (RT @gmacscotland see Tweet)

 

Antibiotic therapy for nearly one in four adults with pneumonia does not work

29May
2017

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in adults: diagnosis and management

26May
2017

Perioperative management of patients on direct oral anticoagulants

24May
2017

COPD National Action Plan – National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

24May
2017

Home Noninvasive Ventilation to Reduce Readmissions for COPD

23May
2017

Directly Observed Therapy for Multidrug-Resistant TB Decreases Mortality

23May
2017

#ATS2017 – Directly Observed Therapy for Multidrug-Resistant TB Decreases Mortality – ATS 2017 Conference (free summary)

Directly Observed Therapy (DOT) for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) was associated with a 77 percent decrease in mortality in observational study.

 

Time to Treatment and Mortality during Mandated Emergency Care for Sepsis

19May
2017

Time to Treatment and Mortality during Mandated Emergency Care for Sepsis – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Commentary: Doctors have resisted guidelines to treat sepsis. New study suggests those guidelines save lives – STAT News (free)

“For every hour you delay antibiotics in sepsis, mortality goes up” (RT @CMichaelGibson see Tweet)

“Trauma: Golden Hour

Cardiology: Time is muscle

Neurology: Time is brain

Sepsis: Early antibiotics to survive”

(interesting remark by @CMichaelGibson see Tweet)

 

Long-term oxygen therapy shows no benefit for moderate lung disease

18May
2017

Long-term oxygen therapy shows no benefit for moderate lung disease – NIHR Signal: Dissemination Centre Discover Portal (free)

Original article: A Randomized Trial of Long-Term Oxygen for COPD with Moderate Desaturation – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Patients with stable COPD and moderate resting desaturation (Spo2, 89 to 93%) or moderate exercise-induced desaturation (during the 6-minute walk test, Spo2 ≥80% for ≥5 minutes and <90% for ≥10 seconds) don’t seem to benefit from supplemental oxygen therapy.

 

Cough in Children – Chest Guidelines

17May
2017

Therapeutic Approach to Adult Fibrotic Lung Diseases

17May
2017

BTS guideline for oxygen use in adults in healthcare and emergency settings

16May
2017

Can Endgame Tobacco radically reduce cigarette smoking?

12May
2017

Can Endgame Tobacco radically reduce cigarette smoking? – Healthy Debate (free) (RT @IrfanDhalla see Tweet)

Related: The tobacco endgame: a qualitative review and synthesis – Tobacco Control (free) AND It’s time to focus on an endgame for tobacco regulation – The Conversation (free)

“The “Tobacco Endgame” concept moves thinking away from the mere control of tobacco towards plans for ending the tobacco pandemic, and foresees a tobacco-free future” (from The Conversation)

 

Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in India, the Philippines, Russia, and South Africa

11May
2017

Guidelines for Management of Incidental Pulmonary Nodules Detected on CT Images

6May
2017

Guidelines for Management of Incidental Pulmonary Nodules Detected on CT Images: From the Fleischner Society 2017 – Radiology (free)

Source: Management of Pulmonary Nodules Found Incidentally on Computed Tomography Scans – Journal Watch (free)

Incidental pulmonary nodules discovered outside the context of screening or cancer follow-up are increasingly common in clinical practice. The purpose of these updated recommendations is to reduce the number of unnecessary follow-up examinations while providing practical guidance on follow-up intervals for selected larger nodules.

 

World Asthma Day (May 2, 2017)

3May
2017

World Asthma Day (May 2, 2017): Asthma Updated Fact Sheet – World Health Organization (free)

Related:  Cochrane Evidence resources related to World Asthma Day (free summaries)

 

Echocardiography and lung ultrasonography for the assessment and management of acute heart failure

2May
2017

CPAP Use in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: What a Cardiologist Needs to Know

2May
2017

Review: Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

2May
2017

Guidelines for treatment of drug-susceptible tuberculosis and patient care

1May
2017

Adjuvant Systemic Therapy and Adjuvant Radiation Therapy for Stage I to IIIA Completely Resected Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancers

1May
2017

Tobacco packaging design for reducing tobacco use

28Apr
2017

Systematic review: Tobacco packaging design for reducing tobacco use – Cochrane Library (link to summary – $ for full-text)

News release: Standardised tobacco packaging: will banning branding cut down smoking? (free)

See also: Standardised cigarette packaging is on its way, but will it reduce smoking? – The Guardian (free)

New evidence finds standardized cigarette packaging may reduce the number of people who smoke.

 

The efficacy of bedside chest ultrasound

24Apr
2017

Maternal asthma: Management strategies

19Apr
2017

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer – NCCN Guideline

18Apr
2017

Short term use of oral corticosteroids and related harms

13Apr
2017

Short term use of oral corticosteroids and related harms among adults in the United States: population based cohort study – The BMJ (free)

Corticosteroids, even if used for short periods of time, seems to be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. In this retrospective cohort with 1.5 million adults, the incidence of acute adverse events (sepsis, venous thromboembolism, fracture) increased by twofold to fivefold above background rates.

 

Global burden of disease attributable to ambient air pollution

12Apr
2017

Estimates and 25-year trends of the global burden of disease attributable to ambient air pollution: an analysis of data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2015 – The Lancet (free)

Related commentary: Tallying the bills of mortality from air pollution (free)

4.2 million deaths globally were attributable to fine particles and another 254 000 to surface ozone in 2015. The article also has details on country-specific deaths and disability-adjusted life-years from 1990 through 2015.

 

Respiratory effect of beta-blockers in people with asthma and cardiovascular disease

11Apr
2017

Respiratory effect of beta-blockers in people with asthma and cardiovascular disease: population-based nested case control study – BMC Medicine (free) (RT @atscommunity)

Cardioselective beta-blockers, mostly atenolol and bisoprolol in this cohort, were not associated with increased risk of moderate or severe asthma exacerbations. In contrast, non-selective beta-blockers, mostly sotalol and carvedilol in this cohort, were associated with increased risk.

 

Smoking causes one in ten deaths globally, major new study reveals

7Apr
2017

Antipsychotics May Boost Respiratory Failure Risk in COPD – MedPage Today

7Apr
2017

Inhaled Corticosteroids May Raise Women’s Risk of the Metabolic Syndrome

6Apr
2017

American College of Radiology (ACR) Appropriateness Criteria Adds Topics

4Apr
2017

ACR Appropriateness Criteria Adds Topics, Covers More Clinical Variants Than Ever Before (free)

Browse Appropriateness Criteria Topics (free)

Source: Newswise

This comprehensive guide from American College of Radiology (ACR) covers 230 topics with more than 1,100 clinical indications and has just been updated. It is a very useful resource for doctors in all specialties to guide which exam is most appropriate in each clinical situation.

 

Eosinophilia in Primary Care

4Apr
2017

Anti-leukotriene agents in persistent asthma

3Apr
2017

Addition of anti-leukotriene agents to inhaled corticosteroids for adults and adolescents with persistent asthma – Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (link to summary – $ required for full-text)

Source: EvidenceAlerts

In patients with asthma not controlled with daily low-dose inhaled corticosteroids, adding anti-leukotriene agents reduced by half the number of patients with asthma exacerbations requiring an oral corticosteroid and improved lung function and asthma control.

 

HERDOO2 rule to guide treatment duration for women with unprovoked venous thrombosis

29Mar
2017

Validating the HERDOO2 rule to guide treatment duration for women with unprovoked venous thrombosis: multinational prospective cohort management study – The BMJ (free)

Source: Richard Lehman’s weekly review

HERDOO2 rule stands for Hyperpigmentation, Edema, or Redness in either leg; D-dimer level ≥250 μg/L; Obesity with body mass index ≥30; or Older age, ≥65 years. The authors concluded that women with a first unprovoked VTE event and none or one of the HERDOO2 criteria have a low risk (3.0% per patient year) of recurrent VTE and can safely discontinue anticoagulants after completing short term treatment.

 

Diagnosis of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension

28Mar
2017

#WorldTBDay, 24 March 2017

24Mar
2017

 

#WorldTBDay, 24 March 2017 – Highlights from Today’s Campaigns and Resources

 

1 – #WorldTBDay – World Health Organization Campaign (free)

See also: WHO’s work on TB (free)

 

2 – #WorldTBDay – Ethics guidance for the implementation of the End TB strategy 2017 – World Health Organization (free)

News Release: WHO issues ethics guidance to protect rights of TB patients (free)

 

3 – #WorldTBDay – The End TB Strategy – World Health Organization (free)

See also: Implementing the end TB strategy: the essentials (free)

 

4 – #WorldTBDay – Global tuberculosis report 2016 – World Health Organization (free)

News release: WHO report warns global actions and investments to end tuberculosis epidemic are falling far short (free)

 

5 #WorldTBDay – WHO treatment guidelines for drug-resistant tuberculosis (2016 update) – World Health Organization (free)

See also: WHO resources on drug-resistant tuberculosis (free)

 

6 – #WorldTBDay – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Campaign (free)

 

7 – #WorldTBDay – The epidemiology, pathogenesis, transmission, diagnosis, and management of multidrug-resistant, extensively drug-resistant, and incurable tuberculosis – The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (free registration required)

See also: Decades of TB progress threatened by drug-resistant bacteria, warn experts – The Guardian (free)

“Rise of multi-drug resistant strains of tuberculosis could derail global efforts to eradicate the disease, according to a new report”

 

8 – #WorldTBDay – Open Access Special collection from Elsevier Journals  (free)

 

9 – #WorldTBDay – Clinical management of adults and children with multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis – Clinical Microbiology and Infection (free)

 

10 – #WorldTBDay – Preventing the spread of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis and protecting contacts of infectious cases – Clinical Microbiology and Infection (free)

 

Mechanical ventilation in obese ICU patients

23Mar
2017

Adoption of tobacco control policies and reduction in smoking prevalence

23Mar
2017
Page 1 of 11

Share with you friends


Follow Us





Share Button