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NEWS - TOP 10

Thu, July 19 – 10 Stories of The Day!

19 Jul,2018

 

1 – A Randomized Trial of Epinephrine in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Editorial: Testing Epinephrine for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest (free)

Commentary: Using adrenaline in cardiac arrests results in less than 1 percent more people leaving hospital alive – University of Warwick, via EurekAlert (free)

See also: Infographic detailing result findings (free)

“A clinical trial of the use of adrenaline in cardiac arrests has found that its use results in less than 1% more people leaving hospital alive – but almost doubles the risk of severe brain damage for survivors of cardiac arrest”.

 

2 – Omega-3 fatty acids for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease – Cochrane Library (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Cochrane Summaries: New Cochrane health evidence challenges belief that omega 3 supplements reduce risk of heart disease, stroke or death (free) AND Omega-3 intake for cardiovascular disease (free)

Commentaries: Expert reaction to Cochrane review on omega-3 fatty acids and risk of heart disease, stroke and death – Science Media Centre (free) AND Omega 3 supplements don’t protect against heart disease – new review – The Conversation (free)

Related Meta-Analysis: Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements Don’t Reduce Cardiovascular Risk (free article and commentary)

 

3 – Randomized Controlled Trial of E-Counseling for Hypertension: REACH – Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes (free)

Commentaries: Virtual counseling helps lower blood pressure – AHA News (free) AND E-counseling can lower blood pressure, heart disease risk – Medical News Today (free)

 

4 – Guideline: Diagnosis, assessment and management of constipation in advanced cancer: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines – Annals of Oncology (free)

 

5 – The association between nurse staffing and omissions in nursing care: A systematic review – Journal of Advanced Nursing (free)

Commentary: Nurse staffing levels linked to reports of missed care in adult wards – NIHR Signal (free)

 

6 – Global Burden of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease in People Living with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Circulation (free PDF)

Commentaries: HIV infection doubles risk of heart disease – University of Edinburgh, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Global Burden of HIV-Related CVD Has Tripled Over Two Decades – TCTMD (free)

 

7 – Report: Feeding in the first year of life – Scientific Advisory Committee on Nutrition (SACN) (free)

Commentaries: SACN publishes ‘Feeding in the first year of life’ report – Public Health England (free) AND Too many babies overfed, experts fear – BBC (free)

 

8 – Contrary to common belief, randomised controlled trials inevitably produce biased results – LSE Impact Blog (free)

Original Article: Why all randomised controlled trials produce biased results – Annals of Medicine (free)

Source: Nature Briefing Newsletter

 

9 – CBT for anxiety: new meta-analysis confirms significant improvements to target symptoms – The Mental Elf (free) (via @AllenFrancesMD)

Original article: Cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety and related disorders: A meta-analysis of randomized placebo-controlled trials – Depression and Anxiety (free)

 

10 – Are electronic nicotine delivery systems helping cigarette smokers quit? Evidence from a prospective cohort study of U.S. adult smokers, 2015–2016 – PLOS One (free)

Commentaries: More Than 90 Percent Of Smokers Using E-cigarettes Still Smoking A Year Later – Georgia State University (free) AND Study casts doubt on effectiveness of e-cigs for smoking cessation – National Institutes of Health (free) AND Vaping May Not Help Smokers Kick the Habit – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

Wed, July 18 – 10 Stories of The Day!

18 Jul,2018

 

1 – Association of Digital Media Use With Subsequent Symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Among Adolescents – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: More Screen Time For Teens Linked To ADHD Symptoms – NPR (free) AND Digital media use linked to behavioral problems in kids – University of Southern California, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Screen time linked to ADHD symptoms in teens – Reuters (free) AND ADHD study links teens’ symptoms with digital media use – CNN (free) AND Expert reaction to association of digital media use and ADHD symptoms among teenagers – Science Media Centre (free)

 

2 – Perspective: “Is There a Doctor on the Plane?” – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Interview: “Is There a Doctor on the Plane?” (free)

 

3 – Guideline for the treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia: A British Society for Haematology Guideline (free)

 

4 – Report: Open Science by Design: Realizing a Vision for 21st Century Research (2018) – National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (free PDF)

News Release: Report Proposes Recommendations and New Framework to Speed Progress Toward Open Science (free)

 

5 – Clinical Trial Evidence Supporting FDA Approval of Drugs Granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Are ‘breakthrough’ drugs as safe as other FDA-approved medicines? – CNN (free) AND Evidence to support ‘breakthrough’ drugs often very limited: study – Reuters (free)

 

6 – Head To Head: Does evidence based medicine adversely affect clinical judgment? – The BMJ (free) (via @michelaccad)

 

7 – Harms Reporting in Randomized Controlled Trials of Interventions Aimed at Modifying Microbiota: A Systematic Review – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Reporting on risks often inadequate for prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics – ACP Internist (free) AND Probiotics studies often don’t disclose safety data or risks, report finds – STAT (free) AND Safety of Probiotic Supplements Is Not Guaranteed, Study Says – Consumer Reports (free)

“How to make an intervention safe? Don’t report the adverse events”. (via @EricTopol see Tweet)

 

8 – Review: Noninvasive ventilation in acute respiratory failure: which recipe for success? – European Respiratory Review (free)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Newsletter

 

9 – Auscultation for bowel sounds in patients with ileus: an outdated practice in the ICU? – Netherlands Journal of Critical Care (free PDF)

Editorial: It’s not a gut feeling: don’t listen to the bowels (free PDF)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Newsletter

 

10 – Occult blood in faeces is associated with all-cause and non-colorectal cancer mortality – Gut (free)

Commentaries: FOB associated with rise in all-cause mortality – OnMedica (free) AND 3 key findings from Gut study on all-cause mortality associated with occult blood in stool – GI & Endoscopy (free) AND Fecal Occult Blood Flags Risks Beyond Colon Cancer – MedPage Today (free)

 

Tue, July 17 – 10 Stories of The Day!

17 Jul,2018

 

1 – Systematic Review: Nurses as substitutes for doctors in primary care – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Nurses as substitutes for doctors in primary care – Cochrane Library (free)

“This updated Cochrane Review indicates that nurses can effectively expand the capacity of the primary care workforce”.

 

2 – Comparison of Antibiotic Prescribing in Retail Clinics, Urgent Care Centers, Emergency Departments, and Traditional Ambulatory Care Settings in the United States – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Overprescription in Urgent Care Clinics—The Fast and the Spurious – JAMA Internal Medicine (free for a limited period) AND Urgent care centers often prescribe unnecessary antibiotics – Reuters (free) AND Study spotlights inappropriate prescribing in urgent care – CIDRAP (free)

 

3 – Clinical Review: Novel therapies for diabetes mellitus in pregnancy – The BMJ (free for a limited period)

 

4 – 9 in 10 infants worldwide received vaccinations in 2017 – World Health Organization (free)

 

5 – Integrating Responses at the Intersection of Opioid Use Disorder and Infectious Disease Epidemics: Proceedings of a Workshop – National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine (free)

Commentaries: National Academies target opioid abuse and infectious disease consequences – Emory Health Sciences (free) AND Within opioid abuse epidemic, infectious disease epidemic emerges – Reuters (free)

 

6 – Richard Lehman’s journal review, 16 July 2018 – The BMJ Opinion (free)

Richard Lehman reviews the latest research in the top medical journals.

 

7 – Is your cellphone giving you cancer? A comprehensive guide to the messy, frustrating research – VOX (free)

 

8 – Risks of ovarian, breast, and corpus uteri cancer in women treated with assisted reproductive technology in Great Britain, 1991-2010: data linkage study including 2.2 million person years of observation – The BMJ (free)

Commentaries: No association found between fertility treatment, some types of cancer – ACP Internist (free) AND Fertility treatment does not appear to raise serious cancer risk – OnMedica (free)

 

9 – Smartphone-based screening for visual impairment in Kenyan school children: a cluster randomised controlled trial – The Lancet Global Health (free)

Commentaries: Strengthening eye health evidence for children in low-income and middle-income countries (free) AND App screening boosts children’s eye health – Medical Health News (free)

 

10 – International Group for Reducing Inappropriate Medication Use & Polypharmacy (IGRIMUP): Position Statement and 10 Recommendations for Action – Drugs & Aging (free)

Related: Polypharmacy Guidance, Realistic Prescribing 3 rd Edition, 2018 – Scottish Government Polypharmacy Model of Care Group (free PDF) AND The Challenge of Polypharmacy: From Rhetoric to Reality – Royal Pharmaceutical Society and Royal College of General Practitioners Partnership (free PDF) AND Common ED Medication Errors: Polypharmacy – emDocs (free) AND Current and future perspectives on the management of polypharmacy – BMC Family Practice (free) AND The other big drug problem: Older people taking too many pills – The Whashington Post (free) AND Routine deprescribing of chronic medications to combat polypharmacy – Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety (free) AND Polypharmacy—an Upward Trend with Unpredictable Effects – Deutsches Ärzteblatt international (free) AND Clinical Consequences of Polypharmacy in Elderly – Expert Opinion on Drug Safety (free) AND Too Many Meds? America’s Love Affair With Prescription Medication – Consumer Reports (free) AND CaDeN Deprescribing Guidelines and Algorithms (free) 

 

Mon, July 16 – 10 Stories of The Day!

16 Jul,2018

 

1 – Effects of aspirin on risks of vascular events and cancer according to bodyweight and dose: analysis of individual patient data from randomised trials – The Lancet (free)

Commentaries: Weight-adjusted aspirin for cardiovascular prevention – The Lancet (free) AND One dose of aspirin doesn’t fit all – University of Oxford (free)

Practice Changing Article. “Low doses of aspirin (75–100 mg) were only effective in preventing vascular events in patients weighing less than 70 kg, and had no benefit in the 80% of men and nearly 50% of all women weighing 70 kg or more. By contrast, higher doses of aspirin were only effective in patients weighing 70 kg or more.”

 

2 – Vulnerability to snakebite envenoming: a global mapping of hotspots – The Lancet (free)

Commentaries: Addressing the global challenge of snake envenoming – The Lancet (free) AND New study maps the areas where people are most vulnerable to death following snakebite – London School of Tropical Medicine (free) AND New study finds 93 million people vulnerable to death from snakebites – Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (free)

 

3 – Association of Inferior Vena Cava Filter Placement for Venous Thromboembolic Disease and a Contraindication to Anticoagulation With 30-Day Mortality – JAMA Network Open (free)

Commentaries: Inferior Vena Cava Filters and Mortality: Is It the Underlying Process, the Patient, or the Device? (free)

“Could IVC filters be causing harm? They began being used before @US_FDA started approving devices. This article raises possibility of increased mortality. Maybe where we need trials to determine safety and effectiveness”. (via @hmkyale see Tweet)

 

4 – 2018 EULAR recommendations for physical activity in people with inflammatory arthritis and osteoarthritis – Annals of Rheumatic Disease (free)

 

5 – 2018 Guidelines of the Taiwan Society of Cardiology, Taiwan Society of Emergency Medicine and Taiwan Society of Cardiovascular Interventions for the management of non ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome – Journal of the Formosan Medical Association (free)

Related Guidelines: 2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute coronary syndromes in patients presenting without persistent ST-segment elevation (free) AND 2014 AHA/ACC Guideline for the Management of Patients With Non–ST-Elevation Acute Coronary Syndromes (free)

 

6 – CVIT expert consensus document on primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in 2018 – Japanese Association of Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics (free)

 

7 – Machine learning of toxicological big data enables read-across structure activity relationships (RASAR) outperforming animal test reproducibility – Toxicological Sciences (free)

Commentaries: New digital chemical screening tool could help eliminate animal testing – Science (free) AND Database Analysis More Reliable Than Animal Testing For Toxic Chemicals – Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (free) AND Software beats animal tests at predicting toxicity of chemicals – Nature News (free)

 

8 – Review: Cardiac rehabilitation: A class 1 recommendation – Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine (free)

Related Guidelines: Cardiac rehabilitation – Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (free) AND Myocardial infarction: cardiac rehabilitation and prevention of further cardiovascular disease – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (free)

 

9 – Hypertension Among Youths — United States, 2001–2016 – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (free)

Commentaries: 800,000 More Adolescents Classified as Hypertensive Under New Guidelines – NEJM Physician’s First Watch (free) AND New guidelines label 795K more US children as hypertensive – Cardiovascular Business (free)

 

10 – Serial measures of circulating biomarkers of dairy fat and total and cause-specific mortality in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study – American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: Study finds no significant link between whole dairy products and heart disease, stroke – News Medical (free) AND Full-fat dairy may actually benefit heart health – Medical News Today (free)

Related Studies: Meta-Analysis: Cheese consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease (link to abstract and commentaries) AND Milk and dairy consumption and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality (free study and commentaries)

 

Fri, July 13 – 10 Stories of The Day!

13 Jul,2018

 

1 – INSPIRE: Seven strategies for ending violence against children – World Health Organization (free resources)

Fact Sheet: Violence against children – World Health Organization (free)

The package includes the core document describing what the INSPIRE strategies and interventions are; an implementation handbook that provides details on how to implement the interventions, and a set of indicators to measure the uptake of INSPIRE and its impact on levels of violence against children.

 

2 – Comparison of the Safety Planning Intervention With Follow-up vs Usual Care of Suicidal Patients Treated in the Emergency Department – JAMA Psychiatry (free for a limited period)

Author Interview: Association of Safety Planning Intervention With Subsequent Suicidal Behavior Among ER-Treated Suicidal Patients (free)

Commentaries: ED Intervention with Follow-Up Appears to Reduce Suicidal Behaviors – NEJM Physician’s First Watch (free) AND A Simple Emergency Room Intervention Can Help Cut Suicide Risk – NPR (free)

Related Studies: Suicide Prevention in an Emergency Department Population (free study and commentaries) AND Strategies to prevent death by suicide (link to abstract and commentaries)

 

3 – Concomitant Oral Anticoagulant and Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug Therapy in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation – Journal of the American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Bleeding Risk Increased With NSAID Use in Anticoagulated A-fib Patients: RE-LY Analysis – TCTMD (free) AND NSAID, anticoagulant combo ups risk for bleeding events in AFib patients – Cardiovascular Business (free) Concomitant NSAIDs and Anticoagulants in Atrial Fibrillation – American College of Cardiology (free)

 

4 – Infographic: Testing for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease -The BMJ (free PDF)

 

5 – The right diet can boost potency of cancer drugs – Nature News (free)

Original article: Suppression of insulin feedback enhances the efficacy of PI3K inhibitors – Nature (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Related: Top oncologist to study effect of diet on cancer drugs – The Guardian (free)

“Diets appear to matter in mouse cancer Rx – can these preclinical findings be translated to humans?” (via @Aiims1742 see Tweet)

 

6 – Report: Research into physiotherapy for musculoskeletal conditions – NIHR Dissemination Centre (free PDF)

This new NIHR report brings together key research relevant to those delivering musculoskeletal physiotherapy services.

 

7 – Last Month in Oncology with Dr. Bishal Gyawali: June 2018 – eCancer News (free)

This review has an interesting opinion on changing definitions of clinically meaningful endpoints in cancer research.

 

8 – Research Methods & Reporting: Reading Mendelian randomisation studies: a guide, glossary, and checklist for clinicians – The BMJ (free)

 

9 – Anticoagulation for perioperative thromboprophylaxis in people with cancer – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Blood thinners for the prevention of blood clots in people with cancer undergoing surgery – Cochrane Library (free)

 

10 – Effect of Alteplase vs Aspirin on Functional Outcome for Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke and Minor Nondisabling Neurologic Deficits: The PRISMS Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Stopping the Alteplase Indication Creep – Emergency Medicine Literature of Note (free) AND Alteplase unlikely to reduce disability after mild stroke without disabling deficits – 2 Minute Medicine (free) AND Lytic No Better Than Aspirin for Mild Ischemic Stroke – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

Thu, July 12 – 10 Stories of The Day!

12 Jul,2018

 

1 – Guideline: Rheumatoid arthritis in adults: management – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (free)

 

2 – Guideline: Brain tumours (primary) and brain metastases in adults – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (free)

 

3 – Impact of 2017 ACC/AHA guidelines on prevalence of hypertension and eligibility for antihypertensive treatment in United States and China: nationally representative cross sectional study – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Expert reaction to study looking at American blood pressure guidelines and how many people in the USA and China would be classed as having high blood pressure – Science Media Centre (free)

 

4 – Efficacy of short-course antibiotic treatments for community-acquired pneumonia in adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis – Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Is Short-Course Antibiotic Treatment for CAP Effective? – MPR (free)

 

5 – News Release: Trial wipes out more than 80 per cent of disease-spreading mozzie – Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO), Australian Government (free)

Commentary: Australian experiment wipes out over 80% of disease-carrying mosquitoes – CNN (free)

 

6 – Perspective: Fractional-Dose Yellow Fever Vaccination — Advancing the Evidence Base – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Related Research: Immunogenicity of Fractional-Dose Vaccine during a Yellow Fever Outbreak — Preliminary Report – The New England Journal of Medicine (free)

 

7 – Cumulative Incidence of Hypertension by 55 Years of Age in Blacks and Whites: The CARDIA Study – Journal of the American Heart Association (free)

Commentaries: Most black adults have high blood pressure before age 55 – AHA / ASA Newsroom (free) AND New CARDIA Data: 75% of African-Americans Have Hypertension by Age 55 – TCTMD (free)

 

8 – News Release: FDA updates warnings for fluoroquinolone antibiotics on risks of mental health and low blood sugar adverse reactions – U.S. Food and Drug Administration (free)

Commentaries: FDA Strengthens Warnings for Fluoroquinolone Antibiotics – MPR (free) AND FDA Announces Labeling Changes for Fluoroquinolones Due to Mental Health AEs, Blood Sugar Disturbances – MD Magazine (free)

 

9 – Effect of cannabis use in people with chronic non-cancer pain prescribed opioids: findings from a 4-year prospective cohort study – The Lancet Public Health (free)

Commentaries: A painful lesson: are we repeating previous mistakes in pain management? – The Lancet Public Health (free) AND Use of illicit cannabis does not reduce chronic pain, according to new Australian study – RACGP (free)

Related: Efficacy and adverse effects of medical marijuana for chronic noncancer pain: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials – Canadian Family Physician (free) AND Benefits and Harms of Cannabis in Chronic Pain or Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: A Systematic Review – VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program (free) AND Cannabis products for adults with chronic neuropathic pain – Cochrane Library (free)

 

10 – Marijuana Use, Respiratory Symptoms, and Pulmonary Function: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Smoking Marijuana May Be Tied to Cough, Sputum Production – HealthDay (free) AND Regular marijuana use is associated with development of respiratory issues – 2 Minute Medicine (free)

 

Wed, July 11 – 10 Stories of The Day!

11 Jul,2018

 

1 – Risk Assessment for Cardiovascular Disease With Nontraditional Risk Factors: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement – JAMA (free)

Editorial: USPSTF Recommendations for Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk With Nontraditional Risk Factors: Finding the Right Tests for the Right Patients (free)

“The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of adding the ankle-brachial index (ABI), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) level, or coronary artery calcium (CAC) score to traditional risk assessment for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in asymptomatic adults to prevent CVD events”.

 

2 – Association of Multivitamin and Mineral Supplementation and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis – Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes (free for a limited period)

Editorial: Multivitamins Do Not Reduce Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality and Should Not Be Taken for This Purpose: How Do We Know That? (free)

Commentaries: Study: Multivitamins Do Not Prevent Strokes, Heart Attacks or Cardiovascular Disease Deaths – University of Alabama at Birmingham, via NewsWise (free) AND Multivitamin-mineral supplements do not reduce heart disease, deaths – Reuters (free)

Related: Supplements Not Effective for CVD Prevention and Treatment (link to abstract and commentaries) AND Multivitamins are probably a waste of money (free commentaries)

 

3 – Comparative Benefits and Harms of Basal Insulin Analogues for Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis – Annals of Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Newer, older insulin formulations may offer similar glucose-lowering effects – ACP Internist (free) AND HbA1c Reduction Similar in Old, New Basal Insulin Analogues – MedPage Today (free registration required)

 

4 – Association of Early Introduction of Solids With Infant Sleep: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Pediatrics (free)

Author Interview: Effects of Early Solid Food Introduction on Infant Sleep (free audio)

Commentaries: Babies fed solids earlier ‘sleep better’ – NHS Choices (free) AND Feeding your baby solids early may help them sleep, study suggests – The Guardian (free) AND Giving your baby solid food early won’t help them sleep better – The Conversation (free)

 

5 – Effect of a Home-Based Wearable Continuous ECG Monitoring Patch on Detection of Undiagnosed Atrial Fibrillation: The mSToPS Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Video: Effect of a Home-Based Wearable ECG Patch Monitor on Detection of Undiagnosed Atrial Fibrillation in Individuals at Increased Risk of Atrial Fibrillation (free)

Commentary: If You Look For Atrial Fibrillation You Will Find Atrial Fibrillation – Cardiobrief (free)

Related: Wearable technology to screen for atrial fibrillation: does it raise more questions than it answers? (free commentaries)

 

6 – Review: Update on infection control practices in cancer hospitals – CA: A Cancer Journal of Clinicians (free)

 

7 – Review:  Optimal pain management for patients with cancer in the modern era – CA: A Cancer Journal of Clinicians (free)

 

8 – Periconception glycaemic control in women with type 1 diabetes and risk of major birth defects: population based cohort study in Sweden – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Higher risk of heart defects in babies of mothers with type 1 diabetes – Karolinska Institutet, via EurekAlert (free)

 

9 – Public health implications of overscreening for carotid artery stenosis, prediabetes, and thyroid cancer – Public Health Reviews (free)

 

10 – Consensus Report: Returning Individual Research Results to Participants: Guidance for a New Research Paradigm (2018) – National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (free PDF)

Commentaries: National Academies panel urges researchers to routinely share test results with study participants – STAT (free) AND If you give your DNA and tissues to science, should you get a peek at what they might contain? – Science (free) AND New report says individual research results should be shared with participants more often – National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (free)

Related Viewpoint: Return of Research Results to Study Participants: Uncharted and Untested – JAMA (free for a limited period)

 

Tue, July 10 – 10 Stories of The Day!

10 Jul,2018

 

1 – Summary of the international clinical guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired and ventilator-acquired pneumonia – ERJ Open Research (free)

Editorial: Treating nosocomial pneumonia: what’s new (free)

Related Guidelines: International ERS/ESICM/ESCMID/ALAT guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia (free) AND Management of Adults With Hospital-acquired and Ventilator-associated Pneumonia: 2016 Clinical Practice Guidelines by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the American Thoracic Society (free)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Newsletter

 

2 – Guideline: Recommendations on screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria in pregnancy – Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (free)

See also: Summary of recommendations for clinicians and policy-makers / other resources from CTFPHC (all free)

 

3 – Draft Statement: Antibiotics should be restricted for COPD – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (free)

Commentaries: Antibiotics should be restricted for COPD, says NICE – OnMedica (free) AND UK officials recommend limits on antibiotics for COPD – CIDRAP (free)

The draft antimicrobial guidance recommends that antibiotics should be offered to people who have a severe flare up of symptoms, also known as a severe acute exacerbation”

 

4 – Oposition to Breast-Feeding Resolution by U.S. Stuns World Health Officials – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

 

5 – Richard Lehman’s journal review, 9 July 2018 – The BMJ Opinion (free)

Richard Lehman reviews the latest research in the top medical journals

 

6 – Cabozantinib in Patients with Advanced and Progressing Hepatocellular Carcinoma – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentary: Cabozantinib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma – NEJM Resident 360 (free)

Median overall survival was 10.2 months with cabozantinib and 8.0 months with placebo, but the rate of high-grade adverse events in the cabozantinib group was approximately twice that observed in the placebo group. (more on this study in Richard Leeman’s review above)

 

7 – Percutaneous coronary intervention for stable angina in ORBITA – Authors’ reply – The Lancet (free) – The Lancet (free)

Original study: Percutaneous coronary intervention in stable angina (ORBITA) (link to abstract and commentaries)

Related commentaries: Viewpoint: Placebo Effect of the Heart (free) AND Sham Surgeries: A Tale of Medical Reversals & the Role of the Media (free)

Related research: Research: Physiology-Stratified Analysis of ORBITA (free research and commentaries)

 

8 – Richard Smith: Reducing global road traffic crashes and injuries – The BMJ Opinion (free)

Related reports: The High Toll of Traffic Injuries : Unacceptable and Preventable – The World Bank (free PDF) AND Save LIVES: a road safety technical package (free) AND Unfinished Journey: The Global Health Response to Children & Road Traffic – FIA Foundation (free PDF) AND Securing safe roads: the politics of change – World Resources Institute Ross Center for Sustainable Cities (free news release and PDF)

 

9 – Negative pressure wound therapy for open traumatic wounds – Cochrane Library (free)

Summary: Negative pressure wound therapy for open traumatic wounds – Cochrane Library (free)

Related Research: Randomized Trial: Negative Pressure Wound Therapy No Better Than Regular Dressing in Severe Open Fracture of the Lower Limb (link to abstract and commentaries)

 

10 – Physician Burnout, Well-being, and Work Unit Safety Grades in Relationship to Reported Medical Errors – Mayo Clinic Proceedings (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Medical errors may stem more from physician burnout than unsafe health care settings – Stanford Medicine, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Physician burnout, depression can lead to major medical errors: Study – ABC News (free) AND Burnout Tied to Twofold Higher Risk for Medical Errors – Medscape (free registration required)

Related: Perspective: The Burnout Crisis in American Medicine (free commentaries on the subject)

 

Mon, July 9 – 10 Stories of The Day!

9 Jul,2018

 

1 – Guidelines On The Management Of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome – Intensive Care Society (free PDF) (via @CritCareReviews)

Related Guidelines: The clinical practice guideline for the management of ARDS in Japan – Journal of Intensive Care (free) AND An Official American Thoracic Society/European Society of Intensive Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline: Mechanical Ventilation in Adult Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (free)

 

2 – WHO Manual: Preventing disease through a healthier and safer workplace – World Health Organization (free PDF)

Source: International Health Policies Newsletter

 

3 – Clinical Update: Long-acting Reversible Contraception—Highly Efficacious, Safe, and Underutilized – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Clinical Review Audio: Return of the IUD: Long-acting Reversible Contraception Is Safe and Effective (free)

 

4 – Seriously, Juice Is Not Healthy – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

“Would you take a multivitamin if it contained 10 teaspoons of sugar? No. Then why are you drinking juice?” (via @NYTHealth see Tweet)

 

5 – Effect of Screening With Primary Cervical HPV Testing vs Cytology Testing on High-grade Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia at 48 Months: The HPV FOCAL Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA (free for a limited period)

Commentaries: For Women Over 30, There May Be A Better Choice Than The Pap Smear – NPR (free) AND Study Suggests HPV Test More Accurate Than Pap Smear for Cervical Cancer Screening – AJMC (free) AND HPV testing could be more accurate than smear tests for initial screening of cervical cancer – NHS Choices (free)

 

6 – The health benefits of the great outdoors: A systematic review and meta-analysis of greenspace exposure and health outcomes – Environmental Research (free) (via @Mental_Elf and @AllenFrancesMD)

Commentary: It’s official — spending time outside is good for you – University of East Anglia, via ScienceDaily (free)

 

7 – A Systematic Review of the Effects of Hyperoxia in Acutely Ill Patients: Should We Aim for Less? – BioMed Research International (free)

Related Meta-Analysis:  Liberal vs Conservative Oxygen Therapy in Acutely ill Adults (link to abstract and commentary)

Source: Critical Care Reviews Newsletter

 

8 – Disease Outbreak News: Ebola virus disease – Democratic Republic of the Congo – World Health Organization (free)

Related: Ebola virus outbreak likely over in Congo, WHO says – NBC News (free) AND Good news: the Ebola outbreak in DRC is contained – VOX (free)

 

9 – Use of ‘smart drugs’ on the rise – Nature (free)

Related: A ‘smart’ approach to performance drugs – ACP Internist (free) AND Growing use of smart drugs by students could be a recipe for disaster – The Conversation (free) AND Brain Hackers Seeking Peak Performance Use Risky Chemical Cocktails: “Smart drugs” are not clinically proven and could be dangerous – Scientific American (free) AND Universities must do more to tackle use of smart drugs, say experts – The Guardian (free) AND Tweaking brains with ‘smart drugs’ to get ahead in Silicon Valley – The Washington Post (free) AND Professors take same ‘smart drugs’ as students to keep up with workloads, claims academic – Independent (free)

 

10 – Association of Prenatal Exposure to Population-Wide Folic Acid Fortification With Altered Cerebral Cortex Maturation in Youths – JAMA Psychiatry (free)

Commentaries: Folic acid linked to healthy brain development through childhood – Reuters (free) AND Folic Acid Fortification May Have Role in Sustaining Mental Health – AJMC (free) AND Prenatal Exposure to Folic Acid Appears to Promote Healthy Brain Development – Psychiatric News Alert (free) AND Perinatal Folic Acid May Protect Against Serious Mental Illness in Young People – MedicalResearch.com (free)

 

Fri, July 6 – 10 Stories of The Day!

6 Jul,2018

 

1 – Report: Delivering quality health services: A global imperative for universal health coverage – World Health Organization (free)

News Release: Low quality healthcare is increasing the burden of illness and health costs globally (free)

Commentary: Universal quality healthcare coverage—a commitment to building a healthier and more productive society – The BMJ Opinion (free)

Related: Handbook for national quality policy and strategy: A practical approach for developing policy and strategy to improve quality of care – World Health Organization (free)

 

2 – Hypothalamic–Pituitary and Growth Disorders in Survivors of Childhood Cancer: An Endocrine Society Clinical Practice Guideline – The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (free PDF)

Commentaries: Up to half of childhood cancer survivors will develop hormone disorders – The Endocrine Society, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Guideline Addresses Endocrine Effects After Childhood Cancer – Medscape (free registration required)

 

3 – Cost-effectiveness and Benefit-to-Harm Ratio of Risk-Stratified Screening for Breast Cancer: A Life-Table Model – JAMA Oncology (free)

Editorial: Implementation Challenges for Risk-Stratified Screening in the Era of Precision Medicine (free)

Author Interview: Cost-effectiveness and Benefit-to-Harm Ratio of Risk-Stratified Breast Cancer Screening (free)

Commentaries: New approach to breast cancer screening — tailoring guidelines for each patient — may save lives and money, study says – STAT (free) AND No screening is better for women with low breast cancer risk, finds study – Guardian (free) AND Breast Cancer Screening Only for Women at Higher Risk – Medscape (free registration required)

 

4 – Review: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction: from mechanisms to therapies – European Heart Journal (free)

 

5 – Review: Anemia and Iron Deficiency in Heart Failure: Current Concepts and Emerging Therapies – Circulation (free)

 

6 – Hidden conflicts? – Science Magazine (free)

““Pay-later conflicts of interest” have gone largely unnoticed & entirely unpoliced”. (via @cpiller see Tweet)

 

7 – Clinical practice guidelines for the management of non-specific low back pain in primary care: an updated overview – European Spine Journal (free)

 

8 – Risks and benefits of direct oral anticoagulants versus warfarin in a real world setting: cohort study in primary care – The BMJ (free)

Commentary: Analysis Finds Less Bleeding — But Potentially Greater Mortality Risk — with Some Newer Anticoagulants – NEJM Physician’s First Watch (free)

 

9 – Species-specific activity of antibacterial drug combinations – Nature (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Study: For antibiotics, good things may come in pairs – CIDRAP (free) AND Combining antibiotics alters effectiveness, study says – UPI (free) AND As drug resistance grows, combining antibiotics could turn up new treatments – STAT (free)

 

10 – Continuous low-dose antibiotic prophylaxis for adults with repeated urinary tract infections (AnTIC): a randomised, open-label trial – The Lancet Infectious Diseases (free)

Invited Commentary: Preventing urinary tract infections in patients with neurogenic bladder (free)

 

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