Open access

Mon, November 20 – 10 Stories of The Day!



1 – News release: New global commitment to end tuberculosis – World Health Organization (free)

Commentary: Global health ministers commit to end TB – CIDRAP (free)

Related report: Global tuberculosis report 2017 – World Health Organization (free) AND News Release: WHO report signals urgent need for greater political commitment to end tuberculosis (free)


2 – Infection prevention and control measures and tools for the prevention of entry of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae into healthcare settings: guidance from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control – Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control (free)

Related document: Guidelines for the prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosain health care facilities – World Health Organization (free)


3 – The association between paternal and adolescent depressive symptoms: evidence from two population-based cohorts – The Lancet (free)

Editorial: The effect of paternal depression on depressive symptoms in adolescent offspring (free)

Commentaries: Dads’ Depression Tied to Increased Depression Risk in Teenage Children – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Teenage depression linked to father’s depression – University College London, via ScienceDaily (free)


4 – The High Costs of Unnecessary Care – JAMA (free)


5 – “Maybe I Will Just Send a Quick Text…” – An Examination of Drivers’ Distractions, Causes, and Potential Interventions – Frontiers in Psycology (free)

Commentaries: Young Men, Frequent Drivers Most Likely To Get Distracted While Driving – NPR (free) AND Risk of distracted driving predicted by age, gender, personality and driving frequency – MedicalXpress (free)


6 – Dog ownership and the risk of cardiovascular disease and death – a nationwide cohort study – Scientific Reports (free)

Commentaries: Dog ownership linked to lower mortality – Uppsala University, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Owning A Dog May Help Your Heart, Study Shows – Forbes (free)


7 – Bird Flu Is Spreading in Asia, Experts (Quietly) Warn – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)


8 – Taking Care of the Physician – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)


9 – Pearls and pitfalls in comprehensive critical care echocardiography – Critical Care (free)


10 – Validation of the Ottawa Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Rule in patients with acute headache – Canadian Medical Association Journal (free)

Commentaries: Thunderclap Headache: Ottawa Rule To Exclude Subarachnoid Bleeding – Medical Research (free) AND New tool identifies headache patients at risk of aneurysms in emergency department – CMAJ, via EurekAlert (free)


Fri, November 17 – 10 Stories of The Day!



1 – Exploring Attributes of High-Value Primary Care – Annals of Family Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Lower cost, higher quality primary care practices are distinguished by six attributes – American Academy of Family Physicians, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Identifying ‘high-value’ practices in primary care; a Stanford study pinpoints key attributes – Stanford Medicine (free)


2 – Critical Lessons From High-Value Oncology Practices – JAMA Oncology (free)

Editorial: Strategies to Achieve High-Value Oncology Care: A Beginning (free)

Audio interview: Critical Lessons From High-Value Oncology Practices (free)

Commentary: High-Value Cancer Care Keeps Costs Down? Yes, It’s Possible! – Medscape (free registration required) AND High-value oncology practices include “support for the patient journey” – Stanford Medicine (free)


3 – Changing Health Care Compensation by Rewarding Value-Based Outcomes – NEJM Catalyst (free)


4 – Speed of processing training results in lower risk of dementia – Alzheimer’s & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions (free)

Commentaries: Can brain training reduce dementia risk? Despite new research, the jury is still out – The Guardian (free) AND Nonpharma Intervention Cuts Dementia Risk by a Third – Medscape (free registration required) AND Dementia breakthrough? Brain-training game ‘significantly reduces risk’ – Medical News Today (free)

“There are good reasons to be cautious about a new study claiming computer-based training can reduce the risk of dementia. But what does work?” (from The Guardian).


5 – Timing of Angiography and Outcomes in High-Risk Patients With Non–ST-Segment–Elevation Myocardial Infarction Managed Invasively – Circulation (free)

“High risk NSTEMI undergoing cath within 12 hours had lower risk of death and MI at 180 days” (RT @CircAHA see Tweet)


6 – Why we should care that many editors of top medical journals get healthcare industry payments – Health News Reviews (free)

Original article: Payments by US pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturers to US medical journal editors: retrospective observational study – The BMJ (free)


7 – Review: Undernutrition and severe acute malnutrition in children – The BMJ (free)

Infographic: Screening and referring children under 5 years old with acute undernutrition (free PDF)


8 – Review: Diabetic foot – The BMJ (free)

Infographic: A visual overview of the primary care assessment and monitoring of a diabetic foot (free PDF)


9 – Review of Strategies to Reduce Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infection (CLABSI) and Catheter-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (CAUTI) in Adult ICUs – Journal of Hospital Medicine (free) (via @brhospitalist)


10 – Simple steps help prevent ICU delirium – ACP Hospitalist (free)


Thu, November 16 – 10 Stories of The Day!



1 – Periodic preventive health visits: a more appropriate approach to delivering preventive services – Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care (free)

Summary: Periodic preventive health visits: A more appropriate approach to delivering preventive services (free)

News release: Annual checkups do not result in better health outcomes, national task force reaffirms (free)


2 – Sudden Cardiac Arrest during Participation in Competitive Sports – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Sudden Cardiac Arrest Rare During Competitive Sports – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND Cardiac arrest study in young athletes raises heart screening questions – Reuters (free) AND Cardiac Arrest Rare in Young Athletes But Tough to Predict – Health (free) AND Screening programs unlikely to prevent sudden cardiac arrest in competitive athletes – St. Michael’s Hospital, via EurekAlert (free)


3 – Guidelines for the prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosain health care facilities – World Health Organization (free)

Commentary: WHO offers guidance on carbapenem-resistant bacteria – CIDRAP (free)


4 – CheXNet: Radiologist-Level Pneumonia Detection on Chest X-Rays with Deep Learning – Stanford ML Group (free)

We develop an algorithm that can detect pneumonia from chest X-rays at a level exceeding practicing radiologists


5 – The Patients vs. Paperwork Problem for Doctors – The New York Times (10 articles per month are free)

Related guideline: Putting Patients First by Reducing Administrative Tasks in Health Care: A Position Paper of the American College of Physicians (free)


6 – World Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Day, 15 November 2017: A round up of Cochrane evidence – Evidently Cochrane (free)


7 – Comparative clinical effectiveness and cost effectiveness of endovascular strategy vopen repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm: three year results of the IMPROVE randomised trial – The BMJ (free)

Editorial: Endovascular or open repair for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm? (free)

Commentary: Keyhole surgery more effective than open surgery for ruptured aneurysm – MedicalXpress (free)


8 – Health Effects and Public Health Concerns of Energy Drink Consumption in the United States: A Mini-Review – Frontiers in Public Health (free)

Commentaries: Serious health risks associated with energy drinks – ScienceDaily (free)

“To curb this growing public health issue, policy makers should regulate sales and marketing towards children and adolescents and set upper limits on caffeine” (from ScienceDaily)


9 – Effects of Bariatric Surgery in Obese Patients With Hypertension: The GATEWAY Randomized Trial (Gastric Bypass to Treat Obese Patients With Steady Hypertension) – Circulation (free)

Commentary: Bariatric Surgery Can Lead to HTN ‘Remission’ in Obese: GATEWAY – Medscape (free registration required) AND Gastric Bypass to Treat Obese Patients With Steady Hypertension – GATEWAY – American College of Cardiology, Latest in Cardiology (free)


10 – Effects of weight loss interventions for adults who are obese on mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancer: systematic review and meta-analysis – The BMJ (free)


Wed, November 15 – 10 Stories of The Day!



1 – Association of Blood Pressure Lowering With Mortality and Cardiovascular Disease Across Blood Pressure Levels: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis – JAMA Internal Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Treating modestly high blood pressure may not boost survival odds – Reuters (free) AND No cardiovascular disease reduction with intensive blood pressure lowering treatment – Umea University, via EurekAlert (free)

See also new AHA/ACC Hypertension Guidelines and related resources in our November 13th issue (see #1)

“”Primary preventive BP lowering is associated with reduced risk for death and CVD if baseline SBP is 140 mm Hg or higher.” published same day as @ACCinTouch guideline w/SBP goals <130 mm Hg. Cognitive dissonance?” (RT @kennylinafp see Tweet)


2 – Noninvasive Cardiac Testing vs Clinical Evaluation Alone in Acute Chest Pain: A Secondary Analysis of the ROMICAT-II Randomized Clinical Trial – JAMA Internal Medicine (free)

Editorial: Acute Chest Pain in the Emergency Department (free)

Commentaries: Does Clinical Evaluation Plus Noninvasive Cardiac Testing Improve Outcomes in Emergency Department Patients with Chest Pain? – The JAMA Network (free) AND Noninvasive Cardiac Testing No Better Than Clinical Eval for Low-Risk Acute Chest Pain – Physician’s First Watch (free)

“Non-invasive testing of chest pain patients in the ED – longer stay; more testing, radiation and cost; no benefit”. (RT @JAMA_current see Tweet)


3 – World Antibiotic Awareness Week, 13-19 November 2017: A round up of Cochrane evidence – Evidently Cochrane (free)


4 – Guidelines on the management of abnormal liver blood tests – Gut (free)


5 – Increases in Depressive Symptoms, Suicide-Related Outcomes, and Suicide Rates Among U.S. Adolescents After 2010 and Links to Increased New Media Screen Time – Clinical Psychological Science (free)

Commentaries: Increased Hours Online Correlate With An Uptick In Teen Depression, Suicidal Thoughts – NPR (free) AND Smartphones a likely culprit in the recent decline in teen mental health – STAT (free)


6 – Tinder and Grindr don’t want to talk about their role in rising STDs – VOX (free)


7 – Review: The Diagnosis of Chronic Coronary Heart Disease – Deutsches Ärzteblatt international (free)


8 – Aspirin in Patients With Previous Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery – Annals of Internal Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Perioperative aspirin may improve short-term outcomes after noncardiac surgery in patients with prior PCI – ACP Internist (free) AND Aspirin can prevent heart attacks after noncardiac surgery in patients with prior PCI – University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Aspirin Protective Against Early Death/MI in Prior PCI Patients Undergoing Noncardiac Surgery – TCTMD (free)


9 – Perinatal mortality associated with induction of labour versus expectant management in nulliparous women aged 35 years or over: An English national cohort study – PLOS Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Labor induction at 40 weeks associated with lower risk of perinatal mortality – PLOS, via ScienceDaily (free) AND Induction at Term Cuts Rates of Infant Death in Older First-Time Moms – MedPage Today (free registration required) Inducing Older Moms at 40 Weeks May Lower Stillbirth Risk – Medscape (free registration required)


10 – Effect of an Intervention to Promote Breastfeeding on Asthma, Lung Function, and Atopic Eczema at Age 16 Years: Follow-up of the PROBIT Randomized Trial – JAMA Pediatrics (free)

Commentary: Prolonged breastfeeding linked to halving of later eczema risk – OnMedica (free)


Tue, November 14 – 10 Stories of The Day!



1 – 2017 ACC/AHA Guideline for the Prevention, Detection, Evaluation and Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults (free PDF)

See also: High Blood Pressure Guidelines Hub / Executive Summary / ACC/AHA Slide Set / ACC Key Points to Remember (free resources)


2 – Outcomes after Angiography with Sodium Bicarbonate and Acetylcysteine – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Commentaries: Neither Sodium Bicarbonate nor Oral Acetylcysteine Prevents Contrast-Induced Kidney Injury – Physician’s First Watch (free) AND PRESERVE: No Benefit from Sodium Bicarbonate, Acetylcysteine After Angiography – Medscape (free registration required)


3 – Restrictive or Liberal Red-Cell Transfusion for Cardiac Surgery – New England Journal of Medicine (free)

Commentaries: TRICS III: Restrictive Red-Cell Transfusion Noninferior to Liberal Use in Cardiac Surgery – TCTMD (free) AHA: Restrictive Blood Transfusion OK for Select Patients – MedPage Today (free registration required)

Related article: Transfusion Requirements After Cardiac Surgery: The TRACS Randomized Controlled Trial – JAMA (free)


4 – Sexual Activity as a Trigger for Sudden Cardiac Arrest – Journal of The American College of Cardiology (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: Sex poses little risk of triggering sudden cardiac arrest – Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, via EurekAlert (free) AND Instances of cardiac arrest after sex are low, but so are the survival rates – Cardiovascular Business (free)


5 – Comparison of Hospital Resource Use and Outcomes Among Hospitalists, Primary Care Physicians, and Other Generalists – JAMA Internal Medicine (free)

Editorial: The Costs and Benefits of Hospital Care by Primary Physicians: Continuity Counts (free)

Audio interview: Hospital Resource Use and Outcomes Among Generalist Physicians (free)

Commentaries: Study: For Inpatients, Primary Care Docs Outperform Hospitalists – MedPage Today (free registration required) AND Mortality Lower When Inpatients See Their Own PCP in Hospital – Medscape (free registration required)


6 – Review: Eosinophilic esophagitis: update on management and controversies – The BMJ (free for 2 weeks)


7 – Risks for blood clot in a vein may rise with increased TV viewing – Presented at American Heart Association’s (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2017 (free)

Commentary: More TV viewing linked to higher risk of blood clots in veins – Medical News Today (free)


8 – Nut Consumption and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease – Journal of The American College of Cardiology (free)

Commentary: Eating Regular Variety of Nuts Associated With Lower Risk of Heart Disease – American College of Cardiology (free) AND Variety of nuts tied to lower risk of heart disease – Reuters (free)


9 – Richard Lehman’s journal review, 13 November 2017 – The BMJ Opinion (free)

Richard Lehman reviews the latest research in the top medical journals.


10 – 20-Year Risks of Breast-Cancer Recurrence after Stopping Endocrine Therapy at 5 Years – New England Journal of Medicine (link to abstract – $ for full-text)

Commentaries: ‘Unrelenting': 20-Year Recurrence Risks in Breast Cancer – Medscape (free registration required) AND Breast cancer recurrence risk lingers years after treatment ends – MedicalXpress (free) AND Risk of breast cancer’s return continues long after treatment ends – Medical News Today (free)


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